Anda di halaman 1dari 27

ADB’s Climate Change

Program Evolution and


Strategic Priorities
by Bob Dobias
Senior Advisor, Asian Development Bank
Gokarna Resort, Kathmadu, 30 June 2010

The views expressed in this presentation are the views of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the
views or policies of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), or its Board of Directors or the governments they
represent. ADB does not guarantee the source, originality, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any
statement, information, data, finding, interpretation, advice, opinion, or view presented, nor does it make any
representation concerning the same.
Presentation Outline
ADB and climate change

A cascading program

Knowledge partnerships

An evolving mode of
assistance
ADB and Climate Change
A Cascading Program
►Strategy 2020
►Addressing Climate Change in Asia
and the Pacific: Priorities for Action
►Climate Change Implementation
Plans
►Sector and Thematic Strategies
►Regional and Country
Partnership Strategies
►Projects and Technical Asst
Strategy 2020

ADB’s Long-term Strategic


Framework (2008-2020)
Inclusive economic growth
Regional integration
Environmentally sustainable growth
 Climate change features prominently
National Strategies to Address
Climate Change
CWRD EARD PARD SARD SERD
ARM** PRC 2007 KIR* 2007 BAN 2008 CAM* 2007
AZE** SAM* 2005 BHU* 2006 INO 2007
PAK (in MON1999 TUV* 2007 IND 2008 LAO 2009
prep.) VAN* 2007 MAL* 2008 PHI 2008
KAZ** Pacific NEP* 2010 THA 2007
KYG* (in Regional (in prep.) VIE 2008
prep.) Framework
2005
TAJ 2003

*NAPAs, National Adaptation Programmes of Action


**GHG Abatement Strategy as part of Energy Sector Planning
A Cascading Program
►Strategy 2020
►Addressing Climate Change in Asia
and the Pacific: Priorities for
Action
►Climate Change Implementation Plans
►Sector and Thematic Strategies
►Regional and Country Partnership
Strategies
►Projects and Technical Asst
Addressing Climate
Change in Asia and the
Pacific: Priorities for
Action
Considers regional priorities
and ADB’s comparative
advantage for each
Provides corporate vision and
coherency
Approved last month
5 Priorities for Action

1. Scaling-up clean energy – building


on a strong foundation
2. Encouraging sustainable
transport and urban development –
major opportunities for redirecting
infrastructure investments
3. Managing land use and forests
for carbon sequestration – targeted
interventions to tap new REDD funding
5 Priorities for Action

4. Promoting climate-resilient
development – meeting
adaptation needs and addressing
social dimensions
5. Strengthening policies,
governance and capacity –
complementing ADB’s broader
country and regional dialogue
3 Supporting Modalities
1. Mobilizing and innovating to meet
financing needs – channeling public finance,
and leveraging the private sector
2. Generating and disseminating
knowledge – climate knowledge institution
3. Cultivating and fostering partnerships –
expanding access to expertise and widening the
scope of impact
ADB Climate Change
Program
Modalities

Finance Knowledge Partnership

Scaling-up Clean Energy

Encouraging Sustainable Transport and Urban Development


Priorities

Managing Land Use and Forests for Carbon Sequestration

Promoting Climate-resilient Development

Strengthening Policies, Governance and Capacity


A Cascading Program
►Strategy 2020
►Addressing Climate Change in Asia and
the Pacific: Priorities for Action
►Climate Change
Implementation Plans
►Sector and Thematic Strategies
►Regional and Country
Partnership Strategies
►Projects and Technical Asst
Climate Change
Implementation Plans

 Assessing ADB
strengths to meet
country priorities

 Programming ADB
responses in each
region for 2009–
2015
Focus of ADB Climate
RD
Investment
Priorities Projects
CWRD EfficientWater & Energy Central Asian Countries
Management Initiative for Land
Agriculture Adaptation Management
Renewable Energy Tianjin: Integrated
EARD
Development Gasification Combined
Energy Efficiency (coal and Cycle*
urban) Zhangbei Wind Power

Agriculture Adaptation Ulaanbaatar Building EE

Retrofit*

PARD Adaptation of infrastructure Coral Triangle Initiative

Coastal Protection/Disaster Risk CC Adaptation Program

Management for the Pacific

SARD Clean Energy Development TATA Wind Power*


Adaptation in Agriculture & Bangladesh Capacity

Water Building to Address CC


Protection of Coasts Nepal Impacts Adapt.

SERD Land-use and Forest Mgmt. Viet Nam Biogas*

Coastal Protection/Disaster Risk GMS Biodiversity

Management Corridors Initiative


Clean Energy Development

* Project developed with support from carbon market


A Cascading Program
►Strategy 2020
►Addressing Climate Change in Asia and the
Pacific: Priorities for Action
►Climate Change Implementation Plans
►Sector and Thematic
Strategies
►Regional and Country Partnership
Strategies
►Projects and Technical Asst
Sector and Thematic
Papers
3 Pillars:
promote energy
efficiency and
renewable energy
maximize access to
energy for all
promote energy
sector reform,
capacity building,
and governance
Sustainable Transport
Initiative

Solutions for
Sustainable Transport

Avoid Shift Improve

Shift to more Improve fuel


Avoid the need efficient and vehicle
to travel transport technologies
A Cascading Program
►Strategy 2020
►Addressing Climate Change in Asia and
the Pacific: Priorities for Action
►Climate Change Implementation
Plans
►Sector and Thematic Strategies
►Regional and Country
Partnership Strategies
►Projects and Technical Asst
Regional and Country
Partnership Strategies
4 Pillars:
Broad-based and
inclusive
econoomic growth
Inclusive social
development
Governance and
capacity building
Climate change
adaptation and
environmental
sustainability
A Cascading Program
►Strategy 2020
►Addressing Climate Change in Asia and the
Pacific: Priorities for Action
►Climate Change Implementation Plans
►Sector and Thematic Strategies
►Regional and Country Partnership
Strategies
►Projects and Technical Asst
Climate Change Projects
(Examples)
REG: Clean Energy and Access BAN: Strengthening Resilience of
Improvement Water Sector in Khulna
PRC: Capacity Building for NEP: Community-based
Implementation of Efficiency Vulnerability Assessment, Risk
Power Plant Mapping & Adaptation Planning
VIE: Renewable Energy REG: Addressing Climate Change-
Development and Network Induced Migration in Asia & Pacific
Expansion and Rehabilitation for
Remote Communes Sector PRC: Study on Public Expenditure
Project in Agricultural Production

SRI: Clean Energy and Access INO: Climate Change Adaptation in


Improvement Project the 6 Ci’s River Basin Territory
PRC: Utilization of Foreign Capital PARD: Strengthening the Capacity
to Promote Energy Conservation of Pacific Developing Member
and Energy Efficient Power Countries (PDMCs) to Respond to
Generation Scheduling Climate Change
Regional: Expanding the REG: Preparing the Central Asia
Implementation of the Energy South Asia Regional Electricity
Efficiency Initiative in DMCs Market Project
Knowledge Partners
Climate induced percentage change in
production in 2050: Irrigated Rice

Change in Asian
production = -27% NCAR A2, no CF
Potential for Policy
?
Convergence
Climate Change ? Energy Security
Response Response

Strategic
Adaptatio Petroleum
n Energy Reserves
strategies Renewa Sector
ble Reforms
Energy Enhancin
Energy g
Energy
Efficien domestic
pricing
cy fossil fuel
Equity reserves
Investment
s abroad

25
Mainland Asia Hot Spots
Russia

Astana

Kazakhstan Ulaanbaatar
Mongolia

Bishkek
Uzbekistan
Tashkent Kyrgyzstan Hokkaido
Beijing N r t .
Tajikistan Tianjin
Turkmenistan Dushanbe P'yongyang K o r .
Ashgabat Seoul S o u t h Honshu
K o r e a
Japan
Kabul Tokyo
Afghanistan Islamabad
China Shikoku
Iran New
Shanghai Kyushu
Pakistan
Delhi
N e p a l
Kathmandu Thimphu B h t n .

Muscat B n g ld .
India Dhaka Shenzhen
O m .
V ie t n a m Hong
Myanmar Laos Hanoi Haikou Kong

Rangoon Vientiane P h l.
Thailand Manila Saipan
Bangkok
Hagatna
C a m b o d ia
Phnom
Penh
S r i Bandar
Koror Palikir
Colombo L . Seri
Begawan M ly .
Additional Data Sources: Major Cities Impact areas
Global Rural-Urban MappingProject, Center for
Countries Coastal Flooding
North-Eastern Asia
International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN),
Columbia University; International Food Policy Cyclones / Typhoons
Research Institute (IPFRI); The World Bank; Centro 0 500 km
Riparian Flooding
Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) 2005;
USGSEROSData Centre; ArcWorld, ArcWorld Supplement Water Stress May 2009
The obvious … the not so
obvious

But can we help here? We finance here