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Romeo and Juliet

By: William Shakespeare

Mrs. Halstead
Romeo And Juliet
Shakespeare Background
A Romantic
Tragedy
Written by
William
Shakespeare
5 Acts
2 Hours of
entertainment
Introduction
Aim: To what extent does
William Shakespeares
background play an important
role in his writing?
Do Now: Word Association for
William Shakespeare (I say
Shakespeare you say)
Biography
April 1565-April 1616
Lived in Stratford-upon-Avon
The house he was born in has become
known as the Birthplace.
Married Anne Hathaway and had three
children
Wrote 37 plays, 154 sonnets and other
poetry
Enjoyed the patronage of Queen Elizabeth I
Stratford-upon-Avon
The Birthplace
Elizabethan England
Reign of Queen Elizabeth I
London was a dirty, brutal,
noisy city
No sanitation laws Food &
human waste was thrown into
the alleys.
Garbage was left to be eaten
by rats.
Between 1592-1594 the Black
Plague struck London
The Plague shut down theaters
for a while to avoid large
groups of people from infecting
Shakespearean Theater
The audience's seats and part of the stage were
roofed, but much of the main stage and the area in
front of the stage in the center of the circle were
open to the elements.
About 1,500 audience members could pay extra
money to sit in the covered seating areas, while
about 800 "groundlings" paid less money to stand
in this open area before the stage.
Poor play goers were called the penny public or
groundlings, because they paid a penny to stand
and watch the plays in the area in front of the
stage called the courtyard.
Wealthier playgoers paid 2 pennies to sit in the
galleries around the courtyard.
Plays contained no scenery, no artificial lighting,
few props, and no curtain.
Attending the Theater

1.Very different than today


2.Most people stood on the ground
(groundlings)
3.Very few costumes or props
4.Etiquette was very different (people
walked around, spoke, and would
comment on the performance)
5.Women or girls were not allowed to
perform. It was considered unseemly.
The Globe Theater
The Stage
Built of wood, these theaters
comprised
three tiers of seats in a
circular shape, with a stage
area on one side of the circle.
At the back of the main stage
was a curtained inner stage.
Above the main stage was a
balcony.
Audience members surrounded
the stage on three sides.
There was no curtain, so the
action moved quickly from
one scene to the next.
In the middle of the main stage
was a trapdoor, used for
exiting ghosts, graves, etc.
Seating at the Globe
The theater had three tiers or balconies where
wealthier playgoers sat.
History of the Globe
The design of the stage was developed from the
courtyards at the inns where plays were first
produced.
Actors would enter in wagons which would serve
as their stage.
The audience would observe the plays from the
balconies outside their rooms.
The poorer people would stand or sit in the center
of the yard near the wagon.
History of the Globe
In 1613, a cannon was shot off during a
performance, and sparks ignited the thatched roof.
The Globe Theater burned down.
It was rebuilt and remained open on its original
foundations until the Puritans closed it in 1642.
It was rebuilt on the south banks of the Thames
River.
Two Years later it also was torn down.
The foundation remained buried until the mid-
twentieth century.
The New Globe Theater
Today a New Globe
theater is situated on the
banks of the Thames.
On September 19, 1999,
Shakespeare's Globe
theater complex opened
on the south bank of the
Thames, 500 years to the
day since the first
recorded performance of
a play at the original
theater.
Characte
rs
The Montagues
Romeo Montague:
and Juliet Capulet are
immature teenagers,
who fall deeply in love
even though their
families are bitter
enemies. Impatient and
rash, they seize the
moment and marry in
secret. Further efforts to
conceal their actions go
awry and end tragically.
Lord Montague
and Lady
Montague
Mercutio:
Kinsman of the prince and friend of Romeo.

He understands that overpowering,


passionate lovethe kind of love that
ignores reason and common sensecan
lead to tragedy.
Benvolio:
Nephew of Montague, and friend to Romeo
He is known as a peacemaker.

The Capulets
Juliet Capulet:
Romeo
Montague and
Juliet Capulet
are immature
teenagersin
fact, Juliet is
not yet 14
Nurse of Juliet:
The nurse is Juliet's
attendant,
confidante, and
messenger.
Her homely
language and her
preoccupation with
the practical,
everyday world
contrast sharply with
the elevated
language of Romeo
and Juliet and their
preoccupation with
the idealistic world
of love.
Tybalt:
Headstrong nephew of Lady Capulet.

Ever ready to fight the Montagues at


the slightest provocation, he
personifies the hatred generated by
feuding families.

Lord Capulet and Lady Capulet


Other
Characters
Paris:
Young nobleman,
kinsman of
Escalus.

The Capulets
pressure Juliet to
accept his
marriage
proposal.
Escalus:
Prince of
Verona.
Friar Laurence:
Romeos Priest
Friar Laurence marries
Romeo and Juliet, hoping
the marriage will end the
Montague-Capulet feud,
and tries to help them
overcome their problems
Balthasar:
servant of Romeo
Rosaline:
Apothecary:
The girl with whom
Drug Dealer Romeo is infatuated
Pharmacist before he meets
Poverty-stricken Juliet.
with "famine" in Rosaline does not
his cheeks, he appear in the play,
but is referred to by
illegally sells Romeo, Benvolio,
deadly poison. Mercutio, and Friar
Laurence.
Chorus:
The chorus recites the prologue preceding the
first act.
The prologue sets the scene, Verona, and tells
of the "ancient grudge" between the Montague
and Capulet families.
It contains two of the plays most famous lines:

From forth the fatal loins of


these two foes / a pair of star-
crossed lovers take their life.
Terms to Know
1. acta main division of a drama.
Shakespeares plays consist of five acts.
2. scenea small unit of a play in which there is
no shift of time or place
3. soliloquya speech given by a character
alone on the stage. Its purpose is to let the
audience know what the character is feeling or
thinking.
4. monologuea lengthy speech or thought
process from one character addressed to another
5. asidea brief remark made by the character
that the audience hears but not the characters
6. tragedya type of drama that ends in
suffering and defeat. The main characters are:
often of noble birth or high social station, have
judgment flaws, and there are usually forces
beyond their control.
Irony Contrast between what
appears to be and what really is

Dramatic Irony audience knows


something the characters dont
Verbal Irony Meaning is different from
what is said (sarcasm)
Situational Irony Situation is not as it
appears to be
Personification Give human qualities to non-
human things
Allusion reference to another literary work, a
historical event or person
Pun play on words
Tragedy play in which the main character
suffers a major downfall
Prologue Introduction to a play in which one
character sums up & foreshadows future events
Prose regular paragraph format with no
rhyme or rhythm
Metaphor comparison of 2 different things
Foreshadowing hints or clues to future
events in a story
Inference Draw conclusions as to what has
already happened
Assonance repetition of vowel sounds
Alliteration repetition of consonant sounds
Connotation meanings we assign to words
Denotation dictionary definitions
Your Task

In Groups, complete the


anticipation guide for Romeo
and Juliet. Discuss each
statement with your group.
Sonnet 18
Aim: To what extent is Shakespeares work
timeless?

Do Now: Watch the video on Iambic


Pentameter
https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=I5lsuyUNu_4
Prologue
Aim: To what extent does
Shakespeare set the scene
using a prologue?
Do Now: Listen to Taylor
Swifts Love Story and
Analyze the lyrics.
Act I, scene i
Aim: To what extent does
Shakespeare use conflict to unfold
events in Act I, scene i?
Do Now: Journal entry-Do you have
any friends or family members that
are feuding? How does it make you
feel?
Act I, scene I Continued
Aim: To what extent is Romeos
character developed within the
scene?
Do Now: Discuss questions 1-4 in
your packet.
Homework: Complete Act I,
scene i questions.
Act I, scene ii
Aim: To what extent are characteristics of
the time period developed within the scene?
Do Now: Write a journal entry describing
your ideal traits of a perfect partner. Now,
think about what traits your parents would
say is important for your partner.
Homework: Complete Act I, scene ii
questions.
Act I, scene iii
Aim: To what extent does
Shakespeare use comic relief to
develop the scene?
Do Now: What is comic relief?
Homework: Complete the
corresponding questions in the
packet
Act I, scene iv
Aim: To what extent is the central idea
of fate vs. free will developed?
Do Now: Page 42- Write a paragraph
in which you describe a good friend.
What qualities/traits should a good
friend possess?
Homework: Complete the Act I, scene
iv questions and page 17 in your
packet.
Act I, scene iv Continued
Aim: To what extent is figurative
language used in Mercutios Queen
Mab speech?
Do Now: Lets play Family Feud.
Homework: Finish Queen Mab
Assignment.
Quarterly: March 21st-23rd
Your Task
Your assignment is to look back over Mercutios
Queen Mab speech (Act 1, Sc. 4, lines 53-94) and
choose six visually compelling elements. Illustrate
those visual elements and then label your drawing
with the segment of Mercutios speech and the line
number in which the image appears. You may want to
divide your paper into six separate areas, or you may
want to create a full-page scene. Either way is fine,
just make sure youve properly labeled six distinct
elements with Shakespeares words and line number.
Now, lets see a few samples to serve as inspiration...
Act I, scene v
Aim: To what extent are Romeo and Juliets
characters further developed within this
scene?
Do Now: Page 43 Describe your view of a
healthy romantic relationship. In other
words, what is healthy love? Be ready to
share your response.
Homework: Answer Act I, scene v
questions and Act II vocabulary.
Quarterly: March 21st-23rd
Your Task
Character Sketch-With your group you will sketch out your
assigned scene of Romeo and Juliet. To do so, you will
need to summarize the main points of each scene that
youve been assigned. You will also need to take note of
what characters appear in your scene and how they interact
with one another. Furthermore, you will be writing out
their interactions in your own words. This means you will
need a deep understanding of Shakespearean language and
the components of the scene in order to rewrite the scene in
modern day language. And remember: be creative and
make sure your sketch is neat and easy for others to
understand you will be presenting this to your classmates!
Act II, scene i
Aim: To what extent is the central idea of young
love developed?
Do Now: Page 44- What complications might
arise if ones family disapproves of his or her
choice of a boyfriend or girlfriend? Discuss your
opinion.
Homework: Complete Act II, scene i questions.
Quarterly: March 21st-23rd
Quarterly Review

Aim: To what extent can a claim


and counterclaim be developed
through an informational text?
Do Now: What is a claim?
What is a counterclaim?
Act II, scene ii
Aim: To what extent is figurative language
used to develop the central idea of love?
Do Now: Page 45-Do you think Romeo and
Juliet are wrong to continue their
relationship after discovering each others
identities? Explain your opinion.
Homework: Complete the Act II, scene ii
questions.
Your Task
In groups complete the What the
Heck Does This Mean? ACT II
SCENE II Worksheet
Act II, scene ii Continued
Aim: To what extent is figurative
language used to develop the central
idea of love?
Do Now: Discuss the Act II, scene ii
questions.
Homework: Complete the Act II,
scene ii questions.
Your Task
OMG ROMEO, LOL: In groups, read the
original balcony scene between Romeo
and Juliet. Then rewrite part of their
conversation as if it took place via text
message.
Act II, scene iii
Aim: To what extent could Friar
Lawrences actions create conflict?
Do Now: Page 38-Conflicts, Problems,
and Solutions. Be prepared to discuss your
responses.
Homework: Complete Act II, scene iii
questions.
Your Task
In groups, fill out a Friar Lawrence
meme that shows the many roles he
plays for the young couple and the
characters in the story. You can either
write or use magazine clippings to
illustrate who he is. You may use a
meme generator on your device.
Example
Act II, scene iv
Aim: To what extent has Romeos
character transformed from Act I?
Do Now: Complete page 35 of
your packet.
Homework: Complete Act II,
scene iv questions.
Act II, scene v and vi
Aim: To what extent is the idea of young
love and teenage rebellion developed?
Do Now: Review Act III, scene iv
questions.
Homework: Complete the corresponding
questions and complete the vocabulary
for Act III.
Your Task
YOURE INVITED TO THE MOST
CONTROVERSIAL WEDDING OF THE SEASON:
As you can see at the end of Act II Scene 6,
Shakespeare never writes a wedding scene for Romeo
and Juliet. Write the scene for their wedding as if
youre a fly on the wall you can try Shakespeares
verse or take a modern creative spin and pretend
youre a wedding planner. What are they wearing?
Did they write their own vows? -Just remember the
circumstances of their marriage while writing.
Act III, Scene i and ii
Aim: To what extent is language used to
further develop the scenes? (3.2 close
read chart)
Do Now: Page 40-Is violence ever
justifiable or acceptable? Explain your
opinion.
Homework: Complete Act III, scene i
and ii questions.
Act III, scene iii and iv
Aim: To what extent does Friar
Lawrence create conflict? (Page 33)
Do Now: What is Friar Lawrences
motivation? Why is he helping these
teens rebel? Is it right?
Homework: Complete Act III, scene
iii and iv questions.
Act III, scene v
Aim: To what extent is Juliets
character further developed? (Page
36)
Do Now: Describe Juliet in the
beginning of the play.
Homework: Finish questions and
complete Act IV vocabulary.
Review
The last scene of Act 3 occurred on Tuesday morning. The day
is still Tuesday when Scene 1 of Act 5 begins. Paris asks Friar
Laurence to perform his and Juliets marriage ceremony. Juliet
enters, and, for the first time, the audience sees Paris and Juliet
converse. Paris waits for words of love from Juliet, but, using
ambiguous phrases, she is skilfully evasive in her responses.
Paris mistakes her forlorn appearance as grief for Tybalt and
leaves the cell, ignorant of her love for, and marriage to,
Romeo. Responding to Juliets desperation, Friar Laurence
concocts a plan that he believes will prevent the marriage of
Juliet and Paris and allow for the reunion of Romeo and Juliet.
Act IV, scene i
Aim: To what extent is appearance
different from reality? (Chart Act iv pdf)
Do Now: Journal entry-Discuss how
sometimes things are not always what they
seem. Think of examples from your life.
(Think about social media).
Homework: Answer Act IV, scene i
questions.
Your Task
There are many instances of dramatic irony in
lines 1 to 43. All instances relate to Paris lack
of knowledge about Juliets marriage to
Romeo. The following chart indicates the
discrepancies between Paris beliefs and the
truth. Illustrate your understanding of dramatic
irony by completing the following chart,
indicating what the audience knows and what
Paris does not.
Act IV, scene ii and iii
Aim: To what extent is conflict
developed within these scenes? (Act
IV pdf)
Do Now: Review the Act IV
vocabulary.
Homework: Complete Act IV,
scene ii and iii questions.
Your Task
Choose one of the following two topics and write an
extended paragraph:
Juliets soliloquy in Scene 3 reveals her fears. What is she
afraid of? Do you share her fears? If you were Juliet,
what would you be most fearful of? Why?
Many readers wonder why Juliet doesnt go to Mantua
with Romeo once he is banished or join him there after
she discovers she has to marry Paris. What reasons can
you give to explain the fact that she doesnt leave? Would
the reasons be the same today, somewhat similar, or quite
different? Explain.
Act IV, scene iv and v
Aim: To what extent has Juliet changed as a
character? (Discussion Questions or 3.5)
Do Now: Romeo does not appear in Act 4. Why
does the audience not forget about him? Why do
you think Shakespeare chose not to include him
in the act? Do you think Shakespeare made an
effective choice? Discuss this in writing.
Homework: Complete Act IV, scene iv and v
questions.
Discussion Questions
In this scene, Juliet is found dead in her chamber by her
nurse. The Capulets and Paris grieve her passing. Friar Laurence
offers words of consolation, all the while knowing Juliet is
alive. Read Scene 5. Then respond to the following questions.
The first 13 lines are filled with dark, dramatic irony. Why are
these lines necessary to the play?
Capulet speaks in figurative language in lines 28 and 29 when
referring to the . death of Juliet: Death lies on her like an
untimely frost / Upon the sweetest flower of all the field. Why
are his images and figurative language especially effective?
Discussion Questions
The death motif continues in this scene. Give three instances of
the motif . from lines 31 to 64. d. Friar Laurences words in
lines 64 to 83 are filled with dramatic irony in the d. sense that
he and the audience, unlike the wedding party, knows that Juliet
is not truly dead. Yet his speech would be appropriate if there
was a premature death. From his speech, give two examples of
phrases that might console relatives or friends at a time of death.
In Capulets closing words, you see him turn festival to
funeral. Give two . examples of the changes he makes to
accommodate Juliets death.
What props would be needed for lines 96 to the end of Scene 5?
What does Shakespeare do to maintain suspense in this scene?
Scavenger Hunt Quiz
Directions: Find evidence to support the
following claims or characterizations of
characters from Romeo and Juliet. Then, you
will have to explain the quote that you chose,
connecting it to the claim or characterization.
Each question must be answered in
COMPLETE SENTENCES. RememberICE!
Homework: Complete Act V Vocabulary
Act V, scene i and ii
Aim: To what extent does rising
action create suspense (plot
diagram pdf)
Do Now: Review Act V vocabulary
Homework: Complete Act V,
scene I and ii questions.
Act V, scene iii
Aim: To what extent does
Shakespeare have great insight into
the human experience? (conflict pdf
chart)
Do Now: Review Homework
Homework: Complete Act V, scene
iii questions.
Act V, scene iii
Aim: To what extent does
Shakespeare have great insight into
the human experience? (percentage
of blame chart)
Do Now: Review Homework
Homework: Complete Act V, scene
iii questions.