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Information Storage and management Basic

Training

Training on SAN Fundamentals, SAN Storage and SAN Fabric


- Presented by
Jitesh Kumar

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Agenda and
content

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Day 2

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Different Types of storage attachment

SAS/DAS ( Server attached storage / Direct


Attached Storage)
NAS (Network Attached Storage)
SAN (Storage Area Network)
CAS (Content Addressing storage)

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Different Types of storage attachment

The key limiting factor to SAS is that data


stored within the host can not be shared by
other systems.
The host along with its storage can be
placed on a LAN for data sharing purposes
but this burdens the host with file sharing
request that can make overall performance
less than ideal.
Especially if the host has other duties
beyond file sharing.

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NAS

Network Attached Storage has come to be defined as


storage that is accessible remotely over Ethernet. A
network file system such as NFS or CIFS runs on top of the
Ethernet topology.
In most cases the Data is accessed at the file level
providing both completeness and context to the data.
NFS (Network File System) has been popularized in the
Unix market space. CIFS (Common Internet File System) is
popular in the Windows market space as the Ethernet
protocol of choice. Both provide the basic file system
functionality of reading, writing, creating and deleting files
and directories.

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SAN

SAN is a storage centric view where a Fibre Channel


attached RAID system provides storage for many
servers that are at a peer level.
Configuration, Access control and security are three
additional burdens placed on system administrators
when using SANs.
These issues are addressed through vendor unique
schemes for configuring Port & LUN zoning as well
as LUN Masking.
Common SAN deployments are Fibre Channel (FC)
SAN and IP SAN.

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Various SAN Protocols

FC SAN
IP SAN
FCoE

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FC SAN

The FC architecture forms the fundamental construct of


the FC SAN infrastructure.
FibreChannel is a high-speed network technology that
runs on high-speed optical fiber cables and serial copper
cables.
High data transmission speed is an important feature of
the FC networking technology. In comparison with Ultra-
SCSIthat iscommonly used in DAS environments, FC is a
significant leap in storage networking technology.

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Components of FC
SAN

Node (server and storage ) ports


Cables
Connectors
Interconnecting devices such as FC switches
and hub.
SAN Management software

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FC Interconnectivity
Option

Point To Point
Fiber Channel Arbitrated loop ( FC
B
AL)
Fiber Channel Switched Fabric ( FC
SW)

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Port Types in Switched
Fabric

N-Port
F-Port
E-Port

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Fiber Channel Protocol
Stack

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World Wide Name (WWN) and FC DATA
Structure

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Login Types in Switched
Fabric

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IP SAN Protocol :

IP Base protocol use to connect host


and storage
Encapsulates SCSI commands and data
packet and transport them using TCP/IP

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Components
of

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Protocol stack of
iSCSI

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IP SAN Protocol :
FCIP

IP Based protocol that is used to


connect distributed FC SAN
islands
Creates virtual FC links over
existing IP network that is used to
transport FC DATA between
different FC SANs
Encapsulates FC frames onto IP
packet
Provides disaster recovery
Solution

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FC IP protocol stack

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Fiber Channel over Ethernet
(FCoE)

FibreChannel over Ethernet (FCoE)


protocol provides consolidation of LAN
and SAN traffic over a single physical
interface infrastructure.
FCoEhelps organizations address the
challenges of having multiple discrete
network infrastructures.
FCoE uses the Converged Enhanced
Ethernet (CEE) link (10 Gigabit Ethernet)
to send FC frames over Ethernet.

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End OF DAY 2

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