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Introduction to

physiotherapy
PHYSIOTHERAPY
PHYSICAL THERAPY
Physio : physical agents
Therapy : treating people
Physical Therapy
therapy for the preservation,
enhancement, or restoration of
movement and physical function
impaired or threatened by disability,
injury, or disease that utilizes
therapeutic exercise, physical modalities
(as massage and electrotherapy),
assistive devices, and patient education
and trainingcalled also physiotherapy
Merriam-Websters definition
Physiotherapy is..
A primary health care profession
Aimed at enhancing mobility, physical

independence & quality of life


Focused on

Treating a variety of conditions


Promoting health & well-being
Prescribed to individuals who vary in

Age Athletic ability


What does a
physiotherapist
Diagnose
do?
Diagnose
Make decisions on the presenting
problem
Treat

Using education, exercise,


electrotherapy, manual therapy
Rehabilitate

To achieve the best functional


level
Who are
physiotherapists?
Go-to health professionals
Accessible, first-line health professionals
Skilled in health promotion, injury

prevention and patient management

University-trained in the health


sciences
Intensive study of anatomy and physiology
Who are
physiotherapists?
Skilled in clinical reasoning
Life long learners
Committed to evidence-based decision making

Licensed and regulated health


professionals with a unique professional
title
Only registered physiotherapists can provide
physiotherapy services
What exactly do
physiotherapists do?
Assess, manage and treat a broad range
of medical conditions from sprained
ankles to strokes
Relieve physical pain and help heal
injuries
Increase mobility, build strength,
improve balance, and
enhance cardiovascular
performance
Help you to help yourself
Engage clients by prescribing

therapeutic exercises
Teach clients to better manage

their own health


Different work settings
Hospitals
Rehabilitation centers
Private clinics
Home visits
Sport fields
Community based centers
Different clients

Paediatrics
Geriatrics
Athletes
Regular adult population
Patients
Branches of physical
therapy
Neurology
Orthopaedics
Musculoskeletal conditions
Cardio respiratory
Community base rehabilitation
Womens health
What conditions do
physiotherapists treat?
Neurological
Developmental delay
Parkinsons disease
Spinal cord injury
Stroke

Benefits
Improved balance, coordination,
strength, flexibility, and function
Ability to manage daily tasks
Reduced pain
Improved mood
What specific conditions
do physiotherapists
Orthopaedic
treat?
Back and neck pain
Arthritis and osteoarthritis
Fractures or sprains
Joint replacements
Sports injuries

Benefits
Decreased pain
Improved joint mobility and strength
Restored physical function and injury
prevention
Possibly prevent or delay
Cardio-respiratory
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Cystic fibrosis
Heart disease
Respiratory infections
Post-surgical care

Benefits
Improved breathing and secretion clearance
Reduced breathlessness and increased
endurance
Increased strength of arms and legs
Womens health
Breast cancer rehabilitation
Chronic pelvic pain
Incontinence

Benefits
Reduced post-surgical pain and swelling
Reduced fatigue caused by radiation and
chemotherapy
Improved pelvic pain and urinary
incontinence
Treatments
Electrotherapy
Exercises

Hydrotherapy / Aquatherapy

Posture & ergonomic corrections

Chest physiotherapy techniques


Electrotherapy
IR
SWD

MWD

Electrical
Stimulation
Wax Therapy
Exercises
Passive exercises
Stretching exercises
Strengthening exercises
Mobilizing exercises
Breathing exercises
Hydrotherapy /
Aquatherapy
Posture & ergonomic
corrections
Chest physiotherapy
techniques
Your future
Bachelor of Physiotherapy
Masters of Physiotherapy
Doctor of Physiotherapy
Any questions
Thank you