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a, an, the

A and an ~ means a ~ used for singular

one nouns begin with a
~ used with consonant sound
countable nouns a lion a boat
~ used to talk about an ~ used for
just one member in singular nouns that
that group begin with a vowel
sound (a, e, i, o, u)
an owl an arrow
Sample questions
1. He left the house _________ hour ago.
A a C the
B an D -

2. Amani gave me ____ bouquet of flowers and

_____ loaf of bread.
A a, the C a, a
B the, the D the, a
Singular and Plural Nouns
1. adding s
eraser erasers vase - vases
house houses tree - trees
day days umbrella - umbrellas
key keys photo photos

2. adding es
box boxes fox - foxes
torch torches brush brushes
glass glasses
potato potatoes tomato - tomatoes
Singular and Plural Nouns
3. Changing y to ies
baby babies ferry - ferries
lorry lorries cherry - cherries
dairy dairies story stories

4. Changing f or fe to ves
calf calves shelf - shelves
knife knives wife - wives
leaf leaves loaf loaves
Singular and Plural Nouns

5. Changing the vowels for irregular nouns

tooth teeth louse - lice
foot feet mouse - mice
goose geese woman women

6. Irregular plurals
child children ox oxen
cactus cacti
Some singular and plural nouns have the
same form
one sheep many sheep
one deer many deer
one fish many fish
Sample questions
1. Do not spend too _____time on the video
game. Finish your work.
A few C much
B little D plenty
2. Annaz does not have _____ money in his
A any C few
B many D many
Personal Pronouns
Nouns Pronouns Pronouns
(as subject) (as object)
- I me
Maria She Her
Azhan He Him
- You You
The cat It It
(The chair)
Personal Pronouns
Nouns Pronouns Pronouns
(as subject) (as object)
Maria and They Them
The boys/ girls They Them

The trees/ They Them

the cats
Maria and I We us
Possessives Possessive Reflexive
adjective pronoun pronoun
My Mine Myself
His His Himself
her Hers Herself
Its - itself
Possessives Possessive Reflexive
adjective pronoun pronoun
Your Yours Yourselves

Our ours Ourselves

Their Theirs themselves

Demonstrative Pronouns
Demonstrative Number What it points to

This Singular A person or things that is

near us
These Plural Two or more people or
things that are near us
That Singular A person or thing that is
far away
Those Plural Two or more people or
things that are far away
Sample questions
1. This is Ramas pencil. It is _________.
A ours C mine
B hers D his
2. En Azmi and his son painted the fence
A himself C yourself
B yourself D themselves
Sample questions
3. ______pencils which I am using belongs to my
A That C Those
B This D These
4. Teacher asks ______ to pass up our books
A you C us
B me D our
Preposition are used to show in the cage
position. on the table
above the door
under the chair
beside the road
lean against the wall
among the bushes
at the bus stop
between the houses
in front of the class
below the fan
Prepositions of to the car
Direction~(Arah) from the park
up the hill
down the stairs
across the bridge
over the fence
through the tunnel
along the road
around the playground
into the shop
towards the canteen
Prepositions of time ~ in the morning
(masa) in January
on Tuesday
on your birthday
at 3 oclock
at night
at noon
for a month
for ten minutes
for two years
Prepositions of time ~ since yesterday
(masa) since last week
until 6.00 p.m.
until 2012
during the holidays
during dinner
before/after breakfast
before/after 3 oclock
by Friday
by tomorrow
Preposition also used with
certain * verbs (perbuatan)
agree to/with
apply to/for
ask for/about believe in
complain about borrow from
think about/of compare with/to
hope for
Preposition also used with
certain * adjectives (adjektif)

angry with
ashamed of
aware of safe from
interested in sorry for
scared of
tired of
used to
Sample questions
1. The horse jumped _____the hedge and ran
_____ the field.
A through, over C over, across
B across, into D into, over
2. The priceless painting was stolen ______
A on C at
B in D by
The Simple Present Tense :
Every day
Every week Daily
Every month Weekly
Every year Monthly
Every night Yearly
Every evening Annually
Every morning Fortnightly
The Simple Present
Tense : CLUE
Sample of sentences :
1.She always hangs her clothes next
to the fence.
2.They usually play football at the
school field.
3.My mother often buys cupcakes at
Mamas Cake House.
4.Peter never tries to play guitar with
his brother.
A) Singular subject
He Verb ~ s
She plays
It reads
My brother walks
Sarah goes
Alifs sister does
The cat has
The woman is
B) Plural subject
I Verb no ~ s
You plan
We study
They arrange
Janet and Jennifer hold
My friends do
The children have
The durians are
D) In question~ verb in root

e.g. Does she ______ to the school

bicycle every day?
A go
B goes
C went
D going
E) Instruction/ order/

~ usually in simple
present tense

e.g. Switch on the fan.

Please keep quiet.
Sample questions
1. Johanna ______ in the park every evening.
A walk C walked
B walks D walking

2. Kangaroos ______ pouches

A have C were
C has D are
The Simple Past Tense :
Just now
A few days ago
Last week
A few minutes ago
Last month
A moment ago
Last year
Two weeks ago
Last Monday
morning Recently
This morning Those days
Rules of Simple Past
Regular verbs the verbs end in d or ed.
Example: talk talked
jump jumped
Irregular verbs the verbs change form
Example: go - went
buy - bought
catch - caught
Rules of Simple Past
Did is the past tense of do / does

Did he _________to school yesterday?

A drive
B drives
C drove
D driving
Rules of Simple Past
Did is the past tense of do / does

Did you _________ the Scouts Camp last

year ?
A join
B joins
C joining
D joined
Rules of Simple Past
Did is the past tense of do / does

Did I _________ not to go to the swamp area?

A tell
B tells
C telling
D told
Sample questions
1. Last night, Suraya _____ a story book before
she went to sleep.
A read C reads
B rode D reading
2. Rihanna ______ her latest song during a
concert last night.
A sing C sang
B sings D singing
Sample questions
1. Amy did send you the letter, _________ she?
A did C didnt
B does D do
2. They dont suppose to join us, _________
A do C doesnt
B does D dont
3. She does sing very well, _______ she?
4. A do C does
5. B doesnt D did
The Continuous
A The Present Continuous

B The Past Continuous Tense

Verb + ing

Examples: Present Tense

swimming am, is, are
reading now
teaching at this moment
Past Tense
was, were
while, when, as
Singular subject
Present Past Verb + ing

I am was walking
Singular subject
Present Past Verb+ing
She reading
It drawing
is was walking
The girl sweeping
The boy buying
My uncle sleeping
The rabbit
Pn Suhaila
Plural subject
Present Past Verb+ing

You reading
We drawing
They are were walking
The sweeping
children sleeping
The lions
The Simple Future Tense : Clue

next week
going to
After will, shall,
soon going to root words.
The Simple Future Tense : Clue

shall walk
shall finish
I shall attend
will go
We will buy
will choose
The Simple Future Tense : Clue

She will go
It will do
You will swim
Subject Verb
Singular subject + singular verb

He is
She has
It does
My brother sleeps
The cat was
Singular subject + singular verb

He/ she/ it is
Farah/ Azmir/ the lion was
One boy has/ had
A girl writes
A man goes
My uncle does/ did
His aunt works
The baby
Singular subject + singular verb

Everyone is
Every boy has
Everybody does
Everything collects
Someone was
Each + noun
Every + noun
Singular subject + singular verb
Each pupils
Each of the girls
Each of the boys
One of the girls
Any of the boys
Anyone who
Some one who
No one
Not one of them
Uncountable nouns take a singular verb

hair, grass, Singular verb-to-be

rice, powder, is
juice, syrup, was
flour, sugar
oil, soup,
salt, pepper
money, water
sand, dust
Plural subject + plural verb
They are
The lions were
Lizzie and Chris have
The women do
Many people
Both of the girls knock
Some of the pupils jump
Most of the children
My mother and I
She and her friend
Either and neither take a singular verb

Either of the girls is

Neither of the boys was
Either this man or that has
man does
Neither Maria nor Azlina runs
Neither you nor he
. as brave as a lion.
. happier than
. faster than ..
more expensive than my house.
The largest
The strongest
The most beautiful
Verb Adverb
Act Quickly
Answer Correctly, clearly, rudely
Ask Nicely, humbly, politely
Accept Readily, gratefully
Arrive Safely
Arrange Neatly, nicely
Bark Loudly, fiercely, joyfully
Bleed Profusely, badly
Verb Adverb
Blow Gently, strongly,
Bow Humbly, respectfully
Clap Loudly, joyfully, excitedly
Cry Bitterly, sadly, softly, loudly
Cheer Loudly, joyfully
Dance Gracefully, beautifully, stylishly
Drive Carefully, carelessly, slowly,
recklessly, dangerously, cautiously
Dress Smartly, sloppily, shabbily
Verb Adverb
Eat Hungrily, greedily
Explain Clearly, briefly, patiently
Fight Bravely, furiously
Give Generously, kindly, willingly
Greet Cheerfully, loudly, politely
Laugh Heartily, happily, loudly
Listen Carefully, attentively, intently
Look Shyly, longingly, lovingly
Run Fast, quickly, slowly
Verb Adverb
Read Carefully, silently, loudly, quietly
Shout Angrily, loudly, joyfully
Sleep Soundly, lightly
Smile Kindly, shyly, broadly, sweetly
Speak Boastfully, politely, kindly, clearly
Spend thriftily
Sing Softly, sweetly, happily
Wait Patiently, anxiously
Walk Hurriedly, slowly, briskly
Work Slowly, willingly, hard
After the word to the verb must
be in root word (kata dasar).
1. The doctor told her to stay in
bed for a week.
2. It is difficult to catch a crocodile.
3. My aunt teaches me how to
make egg tart.
will would
shall should
can could
may might
must ought to

After modals the verb must

be in root word.
Sample of sentences:
You must eat your vegetables if you
want to grow strong.
If I see him, I shall remind him.
He could come when he is free.
If he stops now, he will loose
apple, bag, pencil, cup,
tiger, rose, ruler,
buffalo, day, letter,
many banyak shirt, hour, minute, etc.
several beberapa
a few sedikit Examples:
some sebahagian There are many boys
at the bus stop.
a lot of sangat banyak Amir met a few friends.
oil, water, perfume, air,
sugar, salt, smoke, coffee,
much tea, rice, grass, juice,
a little banyak syrup, sauce, flour, etc.
a lot of sedikit
some sangat banyak Examples:
any sebahagian Don't put too much sugar
in my coffee.
Add a little salt to the
A lot of dust has gathered
on the desk.
There isnt ______sugar left in the jar.
A some C much
B many D any
negative statement (sentence with not) usually the answer will
be any
Question words
What ~ (apa) What is your name?
To ask about people, What did you do to my car?
animals, things
When ~ (bila) When is the train arriving?
To as about time When did you go to
Why ~ (kenapa) Why did the man shout at you?
To ask about reason Why is the baby crying?

Where ~ (dimana) Where is the museum?

To ask about places. Where do you live?
Question words
How (bagaimana/berapa) How old are you?
To ask about people, How did the accident happen?
events and the way things
are done.
Whose ~ (siapa punya) Whose bag is on the floor?
To ask about belongings. Whose children are they?

Which (yang mana satu) Which girl won the first prize?
To ask about people, Which dog chased you?
animals, and things.
Who ~ (siapa) Who is that lady?
To ask about people Who did you talk to?
is a linking or joining words
we use conjunctions to connect
words, groups of words, clauses
or sentences
And But
Or If
So Because
As Although
Either ..or Neither .....nor
Therefore Moreover
However Furthermore
Even though
Sample of questions.
1. Lena slept late last night __________ she was
trying to finish her homework.
A or B so C and D because

2. Michael is short _______ his brother, Jake is

A and B so C because D or
Sample of questions.
1.A) Can I go to fadils house !
B) can I go to Fadils house ?
C) Can I go to Fadils house?

2. A) Uncle Mat is going to perhentian

B) Uncle Mat is going to Perhentian Island.
C) uncle mat is going to Perhentian Island?
Sample of questions.
1.A) Would you like a cup of tea? said Kim.
B) would you like a cup of tea! said Kim.
C) Would you like, a cup of tea? Said Kim.

2. A) laila is buying some eggs fruits ,fish and

B) Laila is buying some eggs ,fruits fish and,
C) Laila is buying some eggs, fruits ,fish and
earning grammar is fun

Thank you..