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UJI HIPOTESIS

Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Statistik


Asal Kata
HIPOTESIS / HIPOTESA

HYPO / HIPO THESIS /


TESA

LEMAH PERNYATAAN YANG


AKAN DIBUKTIKAN

PERNYATAAN YANG MASIH LEMAH


(KEBENARANNYA), SEHINGGA PERLU DIBUKTIKAN
(KENYATAANNYA)

Jika suatu hipotesa telah dibuktikan kebenarannya,


maka kita sebut THESIS / TESA
Pengertian

Hipotesis:
Suatu pernyataan tentang besarnya nilai
parameter populasi yang akan diuji
Uji Hipotesis:
Suatu prosedur pengujian hipotesis
tentang parameter populasi
menggunakan informasi dari sampel dan
teori probabilitas untuk menentukan
apakah hipotesis tersebut secara statistik
dapat diterima atau ditolak
Hipotesis Statistik

merupakan suatu pernyataan tentang


parameter-parameter, yang masih lemah
dan perlu dibuktikan kebenarannya.

Untuk membuktikan kebenaran ini,


dilakukan pengujian dengan menggunakan
bantuan statistik-statistik (diperoleh dengan
mengambil sampel dari populasi yang
bersangkutan). Aktifitas pengujian ini
disebut UJI HIPOTESIS STATISTIK.
Konsep non Statistik
think of it as trial
a trial is conducted with the

assumption that defendant is innocent


Evidence is then presented by a

prosecutor to show evidence of the


persons guilt. If there is a
preponderance of evidence of the
defendants guilt, the defendant has a
verdict of guilty (you reject innocence).
Uji Hipotesis
think of it as trial
a trial is conducted with the

assumption that defendant is innocent


Evidence is then presented by a

prosecutor to show evidence of the


persons guilt. If there is a
preponderance of evidence of the
defendants guilt, the defendant has a
verdict of guilty (you reject innocence).
Uji Hipotesis
Sayangnya kita tahu bahwa parameter
populasi sering kali tidak diketahui
Sehingga dalam pengujian hipotesis hanya
nilai salah jenis I () yang dapat dikendalikan.
Akan timbul pertanyaan :
Berapa nilai yang digunakan?

Tergantung resiko keputusan


yang akan diambil
The deviation (definitional) formula for
the population standard deviation

X X
2

The larger the standard deviation the more variability there


is in the scores
The standard deviation is somewhat less sensitive to extreme
outliers than the range (as N increases)
Formulas for s-hat
(estimate)

X X
2
Definitional
formula: s
N 1

Raw-score X 2


X 2

N
formula: s
N 1
The Estimate of the
Variance
Remember what the variance is..

The standard deviation squares, or the number that you


took the square root of to get the standard deviation

2

X X
2

s 2

X X
2

N N 1

The variance is not a very useful descriptive statistic,


but it is very important value you will use in other
techniques (e.g., the analysis of variance or ANOVA)
Sum up
Assuming a normal distribution
Sample mean is a good estimate of
population mean
The estimate of the population
variance and standard deviation tells
us how spread out the scores are
68% of the scores are within +1 and
1 sX
Thus, .
Proportional improvement in
predictions by using a relationship
The stronger and more consistent the

relationship, the greater proportion of


variance we can account for