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Tuesday April 4th 2017.

Pick up your spirals/folders from the front, take out a pen/pencil and your
bellwork.

We are taking notes today.

CAs: Wednesday/Thursday. Will do a worksheet, dont complain.

Bellwork: Who do you think had the advantage (North or South) at the
beginning of the Civil War? Why?

For Wednesday, write the following.


13th Amendment Free
14th Amendment Citizen
15th Amendment Vote
The Civil War

Show Civil War in


4 Minutes
The Confederate States of
States Rights
America
o States have the right to cancel the Constitution if their survival is
threatened
o Strict interpretation of the Constitution elastic clause does not apply
o Slavery is the primary cause of the war

11 States secede: VA, NC, SC, GA, FL, AL, MS, AR, TX, TN, LA

Jeffers Rober
on t E.
Davis Lee
Scorecard
South North
Confederate States of America
United States of America
Confederacy Rebels
Union Federals
Gray uniforms
Blue uniforms
Jefferson Davis & Robert E. Lee
Richmond, Virginia Abe Lincoln & Ulysses S. Grant
Washington D.C.

Goals
South North
Win Independence Restore the Union
Maintain Southern territory Conquer and control the
South
Advantages North
South Lincolns
leadership
Superior Generals
Higher
Motivation to fight
population
Fight on home
Industrial power
territory
Greater wealth
Skilled soldiers
More railroads
U.S. Navy
(blockade)
Anaconda Plan
Fort Sumter
First battle of the Civil War (like Lexington & Concord)

Union fort bombarded by Confederates until a surrender (no


casualties)

Lincoln calls for 75,000 men to join army


First Battle of Bull Run
First major battle surprising victory for the Confederacy

Thomas Jackson rallies the southerners and earns the nickname


Stonewall

Both sides realize the war will not be won easily


Antietam
First battle on Northern soil; Union could have destroyed Lees
army

Bloodiest one-day battle in history (23,000 casualties)

Lee forced to retreat back to Virginia

Gives Lincoln an opportunity to issue the Emancipation


Proclamation
Suspension of Habeas Corpus
Writ of Habeas Corpus: the arrest of someone must be justified before
a court

Lincoln suspended the writs for Confederate prisoners

A federal judge ruled Lincoln could not do this he ignored the judge
and did it anyway
o Judge was Roger B. Taney (Dred Scott decision)

Supreme Court later ruled Lincolns actions unconstitutional


Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln: all slaves in states of rebellion are free did not apply
to border states

No immediate effect South does not recognize Lincolns


authority

First official step to abolishing slavery war is now focused on


freedom for all

Encouraged African Americans to fight for the Union


New York Draft Riots
Congress passed the Conscription Act to draft more men into the
Union army

Wealthy men could pay a fee to avoid being drafted

African Americans were ineligible because they were not


considered citizens

Poor working class (Irish) protested with violence and destruction


Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point of war

Only time the Confederate army invaded North


Battle of Gettysburg
Lee invades; massive armies collide at Gettysburg and
fight for 3 days
Lee forced to retreat after Picketts Charge
Casualties: Union 23,000 Confederacy 28,000
Gettysburg Address
Delivered at the dedication of the Soldiers National Cemetery
Themes
1. Equality and liberty (all men are created equal)
2. The Constitution and Democracy
government of the people, by the people, and for the people
shall not perish
3. Strength of the nation war was being fought to secure liberty
for all
Siege of Vicksburg
Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River
Grants army captures the city on July 4, after months of
fighting

Outcomes
1. Split the Confederacy in two (Anaconda Plan)
2. Cut of trade from other states and Europe
3. Tide of war turns for the North (Gettysburg was day earlier)
Shermans March to the Sea
Grants plan to cripple the South and force a surrender

Ordered General William T. Sherman to march across the South (Georgia)

Destroy industry, property, transportation Devastate economy and


supplies

Sometimes referred to as Total War


Lincolns 2nd Inaugural Address
We must not give up the fight
Slavery is wrong and will not continue
We must heal the nation, not punish the South (bind up the
nations wounds)
Surrender at Appomattox
End of the Civil War!
Richmond falls on April 3 Lee surrenders to Grant on April 9
No prisoners, Confederates go home and remain peaceful
Began reconstruction process
Lincolns Assassination
Shot by John Wilkes Booth at Fords Theater in Washington
D.C.

Andrew Johnson (a southerner) becomes president

Booth killed 12 days later while on the run