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Group 5

Chapter 2:NUTRITION

1.ROLAND LIM
2.LAWRENCE LAU
3.ALYCIA CHIU
4.HERIYAFTA SU
5.DARREN LAWRENCE
CONTENTS:
1. WHAT IS NUTRITION
2. CLASSES OF FOOD
3. EXAMPLE EACH CLASSES OF FOOD
4. FUNCTION OF EACH CLASSES OF
FOOD
5. FOOD PYRAMID
6. EFFECT OF DEFICIENCY
7. IMPORTANT OF NUTRIENTS
WHAT IS NUTRITION?
NUTRITION IS THE SUPPLY OF
MATERIALS,FOOD,REQUIRED BY
ORGANISMS AND CELLS TO STAY ALIVE
INTERACTION OF NUTRIENTS AND
OTHER SUBSTANCES IN FOOD IN
RELATION TO
MAINTENANCE,GROWTH,REPRODUCTI
ON,HEALTH AND DISEASE OF AN
ORGANISM
CLASSES OF FOOD
i. CARBOHYDRATES
ii. PROTIENS
iii. FATS
iv. VITAMINS
v. MINERALS
vi. FIBRE
vii.WATER
EXAMPLE OF FOOD
I CARBOHYDRATES
FLOUR
BREAD
SUGAR
RICE
POTATOES
ii. PROTEINS
MILK
BEAN CURD
CHICKEN
EGGS
FISH
iii. FATS
. OIL
. GHEE
. MARGARINE
. BUTTER
. PEANUTS
iv. VITAMINS
. MILK
. VEGETABLES
. COD LIVER OIL
. ORANGES
. CARROT
v. MINERALS
. SALT
. VEGETABLES
. CHEESE
. PRAWNS
. MILK
vi. WATER
. WATERMELON
. JUICE
. MINERAL WATER
. STARFRUIT
. WINTERMELON
FUNCTION OF EACH CLASSES OF
FOOD
i. CARBOHYDRATES
. SUPPLY THE BODY ENERGY
ii. PROTEINS
. SUPPLY AMINO ACIDS FOR BUILDING NEW CELLS AND REPAIRING
DAMAGED TISSUES
. SUPPLY ENERGY WHEN THE BODY DOES NOT GET ENOUGH
CARBOHYDRATES
iii. FATS
. SUPPLY TWICE AS MUCH ENERGY PER GRAM COMPARED TO
CARBOHYDRATES
iv. VITAMINS
. DOES NOT SUPPLY ENERGY OR MATERIALS FOR BODY BUILDING
. REQUIRED IN VERY SMALL QUANTIITIES FOR MAINTAINING GOOD
HEALTH
v. MINERALS
. INORGANIC SUBSTANCES OR MINERAL ELEMENTS
. DO NOT PROVIDE THE BODY WITH ENERGY
. PRESENT IN FOOD,COME FROM SOIL
. BODY REQUIRES VERY SMALL QUANTITIES OF ELEMENTS TO
DEVELOP GOOD HEALTH
vi. FIBRE
. MADE UP OF CELLULOSE FROM PLANT CELL WALLS
. CANNOT BE DIGESTED BY OUR BODY
. CAN HOLD A LOT OF WATER SO THAT OUR FAECES REMAIN
SOFT AND CAN PASS FROM OUR BODY EASILY
vii. WATER
ABOUT 65%-70% OF THE BODY IS WATER
WATER IS VERY IMPORTANT PART BECAUSE:
1. TRANSPORT DIGESTED FOOD TO CELL
2. CARRIES AWAY WASTE PRODUCT
3. CONTROL CONCENTRATION OF BLOOD AND TEMPERATURE
4. MAINTAINS TURGITIDY IN THE CELL
IMPORTANTS OF NUTRIENTS
TO SURVIVE AND STAY HEALTHY
EATING A BALANCE DIET IS VITAL
FOR GOOD HEALTH AND WELLBEING
FOOD PROVIDES OUR BODIES WITH
ENERGY,PROTEIN,ESSENTIAL
FATS,VITAMINS AND MINERALS TO
LIVE,GROW AND FUNCTION
PROPERLY
FOOD PYRAMID
EFFECT OF DEFICIENCY
i. VITAMINS
. A
-NIGHT BLINDNESS,DRY,SCALY SKIN
. B
-BERI-BERI(DISEASE OF NERVOUS
SYSTEM),PELLAGRA(SKIN DISEASE)
. C
-SCURVY(BLEEDING GUMS)
. D
-RICKETS(STUNTED GROWTH),SOFTENING OF
BONES AND TEETH
E
-STERILITY,POOR BLOOD
CIRCULATION,POOR NERVE AND
MUSCLE FUNCTIONS

K
-PROLONGED BLEEDING,BRUISES
EASILY
ii. MINERALS
. SODIUM
-MUSCLE CRAMPS
. POTASSIUM
-WEAK MUCLES,PARALYSIS
. CALCIUM
-RICKETS IN CHILDREN,OSTEOPOROSIS(BRITTLE
BONES),PROLONGED BLEEDING,MUSCLE
CRAMPS
. IRON
-ANAEMIA
. IODINE
-GOITRE(SWOLLEN NECK)
PHOSPHORUS
-RICKETS,TOOTH DECAY,WEAK
MUSCLES
END~
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