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Switched Digital Video Solution

Motorola SDV Solution


February 14, 2008

Scott Ghiz
Principal Staff Applications Engineer
Switched Digital Video
Motorola Home & Networks Mobility
scott.ghiz@motorola.com
+1.215.208.2677

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Agenda
I. What is driving Switched Digital Video [SDV]?
II. What is SDV?
III. Where does SDV fit into an operational cable plant?
IV. How does the SDV system interact?
V. Motorola SDV component specifications
VI. SDV impact on other cable plant components
VII. SDV System Configuration
I. Automated
II. Manual
VIII. SDV System Monitoring
IX. SDV System Reporting

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Why is Switched Digital Video needed?
MSOs need more bandwidth
more HD Services
more Digital Simulcast
simulcasting new codecs [MPEG-4/AVC]
more International & Special Interest Content
more On Demand content
increased high speed data [internet / VoIP] via DOCSIS
3.0 channel bonding

Since bandwidth is limited, better management of network


resources is required.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Options for Reclaiming Bandwidth
Expand Bandwidth
Plant Build-out (750 MHz 860 MHz, 1000 MHz)
Fiber to the Premise/Home (FTTx)

Better Use of Existing Bandwidth


Statistical Multiplexing
All-Digital Networks
Advanced Codecs (MPEG-4/AVC)
Switched Digital Video (SDV)

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
What is Switched Digital Video (SDV)

SDV is the dynamic switching of digital services on and off


the physical cable plant based on subscriber usage
Certain services are designated by an MSO as switched
services
A switched service is only placed onto the cable plant
(switched on) if at least one STB tuner is tuned to that
service in a specific, MSO defined service group.
SDV makes more efficient use of bandwidth on the
physical cable plant

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Broadcast Services
For broadcast services, all services go to all homes all the
time, regardless of whether anyone is watching those
services.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Switched Digital Video [SDV]
For switched services, only the services being watched in a
particular service group are transmitted.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Customer Viewing Patterns
Most
Viewed

80/20 Rule - 80% of subscribers


are watching 20% of content
[based on the 80/20 rule of marketing & economics]
SUBSCRIBERS VIEWING

Infrequently watched niche


PROGRAMS

services (in gray) are good


candidates to become
switched services

Least
Viewed

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Bandwidth Utilization Improvements

Most Watched Programs


ast
Subscribers Viewing

c
Broad

Program
Switching

Programs

Niche programs switched at service group level instead


of broadcast to all subscribers

Unwatched digital tier programs will no longer waste


valuable bandwidth

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV End-to-End Connectivity Diagram

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Headend Signal Flow Diagram w/SDV

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
STB Auto-Discovery Process
0a. SVM [or guide server] streams configuration
information out-of-band using data PID

5. SVM identifies STBs Service


Group
6. SVM reports Service Group
back to STB [ACK].
2. STB looks for data PID and
gets configuration information 1. STB is powered on.
including list of SDV frequencies.
3. STB scans SDV frequencies and
finds TSIDs that it happens to see.
4. STB responds to SVM with
TSID list.

STB is signed onto the SDV network 0b. Edge QAM devices stream TSIDs on
each of their SDV QAMs

Prior to SDV auto discovery, STB


signs onto the Motorola
interactive network as usual.
Motorola General Business Information, SDV
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Subscriber Surfs to a Switched Channel
(A25.2-X)
10. Every five minutes the SVOM gets raw
5. ERM directs Edge
customer
Device to join a behavior data from the SVM and QAM
usage from the ERM for processing into user
multicast stream
and bind it to a friendly reports.
frequency [QAM],
assigning a program
number determined
by the ERM
6. Edge Device joins the
9. SVM updates channel list multicast stream and sends it
on out-of-band mini carousel out the specified QAM using
and locks the selected the selected program number
channel after a MSO defined
timereturns
7. SVM interval
frequency and program
number to the STB IP
1. Subscriber
selects a switched
2. Client sends
channel
3. SVM determines
channel change
source details for the
4. SVM requests QAM resources for message indicating
requested channel 8. desired
Settop tunes to and
the selected channel from ERM channel
based on TSID group frequency and program.
its TSID group
0. Source content streams (and is Subscriber is now watching
encrypted) through the GigE switches as
2a. Note: If the channel isthe selected
already program.
in the
multicast SPTSs
mini carousel the SDV client [STB] can tune
to it prior to receiving a message back from
Motorola General Business Information, SDV the SVM
MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
How long does all of that cable plant
activity take?

150ms

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
System Specs -- Motorola SDV Controllers
3 Components of the Motorola SDV Solution:

Switched Video Manager (SVM1000 / SVM2000)


Manages Set Top Box interactions

Edge Resource Manager (ERM1000)


Manages Edge QAM devices

Switched Video Operations Manager (SVOM1000)


Manages/configures/monitors SVMs and ERMs
Provides detailed customer interaction reports

Commonalities:

Distributed architecture [three components]


High availability*
Linux OS
Web-based UIs

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Switched Video Managers
SVM1000
Licensed for 25,000
tuners & 250 CC/sec

SVM2000
Licensed for 55,000
tuners & 550 CC/sec

Both units are full redundant, support in-band & out-of-band carousels,
and provide GUI system monitoring and reporting.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Edge Resource Manager
ERM1000

Fully Redundant
ERM1000 is licensed for 5,000 QAMs
ERM1000 can support up to 50,000 streams
Third Party QAM support [Arris/Harmonic/]
Supports QAM Sharing between VOD and SDV

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM1000

Manages Multiple SVMs and ERMs


Supports up to 1 million tuners
Channel Configuration Setup [MSO provided]
Source ID / Bandwidth / Encoding Type / User (Virtual) Channel /
Multicast SPTS socket / Source IP
SVM and ERM Configuration Setup
SVM / ERM / QAM / Service Group Relationships & Mappings
System Status Monitoring [ red light / green light ]
SVM status / ERM Status / QAM Status
Collect & Report Usage Statistics [ red light / green light ]
Channel Usage Pareto / SG BW / STB Usage / Channel Change Rates /
Failures & Warnings

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV System Configurations
SVOM1000

In an operational
environment, redundant
SVMs and ERMs are
recommended and a hot
or cold standby SVOM
is recommended

Depending on site topology, SVOMs and ERMs are


usually outnumbered by SVMs.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Impact on Other Cable Plant
Components

Because SDV requires two-way communication between


the STB and SVM every time a switched channel is
requested by a single tuner, other parts of the Aloha
Network within the cable plant are effected.
OM1000/2000, RPD2000/ARPD, and NC1500 units are all
impacted with additional SDV driven traffic.
The additional loading will probably lead to OM splits, NC
splits, and adding of DM cards or upgrading to ARPDs.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Configuring SVOM / SVM / ERM

SVOM1000

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Redundancy / IP addressing
There are 4 networks: For NTP Time Server
1. Application 7 IP Synchronization
2. OAM&P Addresses!
3. Streaming (GigE)
4. Redundancy (device-to-device connections)
Example IP configuration:

Streaming
Physical Application Application OAM&P network IP Redundancy
Device SW Port
Connection network IP Virtual IP network [in-band mini- network IP
carousel]

SVOM001 NIC1 eth0 165.223.31.125 110.8.201.77

SVM001 NIC1 eth0 165.223.31.130 165.223.31.132

NIC2 eth1 110.8.201.80

NIC3 eth2 10.100.100.24

NIC4 eth3 10.1.1.1

SVM002 NIC1 eth0 165.223.31.131 165.223.31.132

NIC2 eth1 110.8.201.81

NIC3 eth2 10.100.100.25

NIC4 eth3 10.1.1.2

ERM001 NIC1 eth0 165.223.31.133 165.223.31.135

NIC4 eth3 10.1.1.5

ERM002 NIC1 eth0 165.223.31.134 165.223.31.135

NIC4 eth3 10.1.1.6

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Configuration via the SVOM

Automated Configuration Import


Manual On-Line Editing / On-Line Update

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Configuration Data Sheet Save each of the four
worksheets
headend devices
edge devices
service groups
channel maps
as .csv files.

Build configuration in
MS Excel. All
columns with red font
are required fields.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Configuration File Import

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Why Automate the Configuration Process?

258 Channels

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
Manual On-Line Configuration
-- SVOM / SVM / ERM

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
User Interface Access
Web UI access:
SVOM: https://<IP of SVOM>:8090
SVM: https://<IP of SVM>:8089
ERM: https://<IP of ERM>:80XX

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM Channel Configuration

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM Channel Configuration / Edit / Add

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM SDV Service State by Channel
Map SVOM

Allows a channel to be placed


in-to-service or out-of-service
A channel placed out-of-
service allows current
viewers to continue viewing
the channel, uninterrupted,
but does not allow new
viewers to join the switched
stream
Multiple service groups with
different channel maps may
contain different service states
for the same SDV channel

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVM Manual Configuration / SDV Channel
Configuration / Locked Channels

For troubleshooting and test purposes


and to ensure uninterrupted service in
advance of an anticipated channel
change storm.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM Edge Device Configuration

Manual configuration of
edge devices.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM Edge Device / QAM Management

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM Edge Device / SG Management

Manual configuration of
edge device service
groups.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV System Monitoring

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM -- System Monitoring

Problem!
No Problem

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Monitoring from SVOM
Event Log Viewer

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVOM Settop Diagnostics Page
SVOM adds a settop diagnostics page allowing the
display of the status of a particular settop box. Dual
tuner example.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Monitoring from SVOM
Settop Errors Viewer

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVM SDV System Monitoring

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVM -- Service Group Utilization

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVM -- Real-Time Channel Matrix

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Monitoring from ERM
Operational Stats

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SVM Debugging / SDV Channel
Configuration / Locked Channels

If field engineers need to isolate a SDV


QAM in a debugging situation: (1) Lock
the channel in question then (2)
determine which SDV QAM is in use
next slide.

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
QAM Monitoring from SVM

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV System Reporting

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV System Reports
SVOM maintains 400 GB database [RAID 5, striping on 4
Disks] optimized for reporting

Channel Reports:
Channel Usage Pareto -- individual and total channel usage for
selected Service Groups

Resource Reports:
Multiple views of BW usage for selected Service Groups
Errors by type for selected Service Groups or entire system

System Activity Reports:


Active tuners and channel changes for selected SGs

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Reporting -- Channel Changes

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
High Use Service Groups

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
SDV Reporting -- Channel Usage Pareto

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007
END

Introduction to Motorolas SDV Solution

February 14, 2008

Motorola General Business Information, SDV


MOTOROLA and the Stylized M Logo are registered in the US Patent & Trademark Office.
All other product or service names are the property of their respective owners. Motorola, Inc. 2007