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Effectiveness of the GetFit @ IU Program in Improving Quality of Life, VO2 Max, Heart Rate, and Blood Pressure

Dallas Baldwin and Brittany Robertson


Advisor: Dr. Kelly Stalker and Dr. Laurie DiRosa
Department of Human Movement Science

Abstract Methods Cardiovascular Endurance Results


Individuals with disabilities are at risk for obesity or
secondary disabilities such as heart disease, stroke,
Subjects: Cardiovascular Endurance Changes in Males

respiratory problems, and emotional disorders (Steele et.al., 10 individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (ID)
1996). Physical activity is one way to decrease the risk for 5 female & 5 males
these conditions, but there are limited programs for Mean age = 41 y/o
individuals with an intellectual disability to participate in
physical activity. The purpose of this research was to
Program: Pre

determine if participation in the GetFit @ IU program 45-60 minute exercise program Post

increases cardiovascular endurance and overall lifestyle for 3 days/week for 8 weeks
individuals with intellectual disabilities. Ten individuals with Cardiovascular, strength, & balance exercises
intellectual disabilities (5 males and 5 females) participated
in an eight-week fitness program. Heart rate, blood
Pre & Post Testing:
pressure, and VO2 max tests were assessed prior to the Quality of life testing
program, at the four-week mark, and at the conclusion of PedsQL Quality of life survey Cardiovascular Endurance Changes in Females
the program. The PedsQL quality of life survey was Cardiovascular endurance testing
administered during the first week of the program and again Blood pressure
after six weeks. It is believed that the GetFit @ IU program Pulse oximetry
will improve the cardiovascular endurance and quality of life Heart rate
for participants. VO2max Pre
Post

Introduction Quality of Life Results


Individuals with disabilities do not obtain enough Quality of Life Changes in Male Participants (2 subjects)
exercise or physical activity (Block et. al, 2013). 18

Leads to the possibility of obesity, cardiac issues, 16

and unhealthy lifestyles. 14

Cardiovascular levels of young adults (20-30yo) with 12 Conclusions


Pre GetFIT
10
disabilities are the same as 30-40 years old without Average Total Score
Post GetFIT

a disability and adults who have had heart attacks


8
There are no significant differences between pre and
6
Physical activity is necessary to prevent the 4
post test scores in any of the QOL Sub Categories in
development of majority of lifestyle diseases and 2
their Average Total Score.
disuse syndrome (Okuyama, 2010). 0

The more severe the disability level, the more likely Quality of Life Changes in Female Participants (4 subjects)
Significant differences were found between pre and
the patient is going to spend supine and sedentary. post test diastolic (0.041) and systolic (0.002) blood
pressure, and pulse oxygen levels (0.032) for the
Purpose female subjects.
Pre GetFIT
The purpose of this research was to determine if Post GetFIT
Significant differences were found between pre and
participation in the GetFIT@IU Program increases post diastolic blood pressure (0.035) in the male
cardiovascular endurance and quality of life (QOL) for subjects.
individuals with disabilities.

Okuyama, F. (2010). Correlates of physical inactivity among individuals with physical disabilities. International journal of sports and health science, 7. Retrieved from EBSCOhost database.
Block, M. E., Taliaferro, A. & Moran, T. (2013). Physical activity and youth with disabilities: barriers and supports. The Prevention Researcher 20(2). Academic OneFile. Web. 3 Oct. 2016.
Steele, C., Kalnins, I., Jutai, J., Stevens, S., Bortolussi, J., & Biggar, W. (1996). Lifestyle health behaviours of 11-to 16-year-old youth with physical disabilities. Health Education Research, 11(2), 173-186. doi:10.1093/her/11.2.173