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PENGETAHUAN

DASAR
AUTOMOTIVE
Kendaraan adalah
Alat angkutan baik orang maupun
barang.
Automobile berarti kendaraan yang
mempunyai tenaga penggerak sendiri.
Dalam bahasa Indonesia Automobile
biasa disebut mobil.
Syarat kendaraan :

Dapat mengangkut barang maupun


penumpang
Memiliki tenaga penggerak sendiri
Dapat dikendalikan dan dihentikan
dengan mudah
Nyaman dan aman
Bagian bagian utama kendaraan :

Body ( badan kendaraan )


Frame ( rangka )
Engine ( mesin )
Power train ( pemindah daya )
Suspension ( suspensi )
Brake ( rem )
Wheel ( roda )
Steering ( kemudi )
BODY
FRAME
MONOCOQUE
ENGINE

In Line Engine
V Engine
W Engine
Boxer / Opossed Engine
Radial Engine
In Line Engine
V - Engine
W - Engine
Boxer / Opossed Engine
Radial Engine
POWER TRAIN
FF ( Front Engine, Front Drive )
Mesin di depan menggerakkan roda depan
FR ( Front Engine, Rear Drive )
Mesin di depan menggerakkan roda belakang
RR ( Rear Engine, Rear Drive )
Mesin di belakang menggerakkan roda belakang
4 WD ( Fourth Wheel Drive )
Mesin menggerakkan empat roda
FF ( Front Engine, Front Drive )
FR ( Front Engine, Rear Drive )
RR ( Rear Engine, Rear Drive )
4 WD ( Fourth Wheel Drive )
SUSPENSION
Suspensi
Konstruksi
Rigid
Independent
Multi Link Suspension
Center Wishbone
Komponen
Spring : Leaf Spring, Coil Spring, Torsion Bar
Shock Absorber : Single Action, Double Action, Gas
Type Shock Absorber
Stabilizer
Rigid
Independent
Multi Link Suspension
Mac Pherson
WISHBONE SUSPENSION
HIDROPNEUMATIC SUSPENSION
LEAF SPRING
COIL SPRING
Torsion Bar
Single Action
Double Action
Gas Type
STABILIZER
BRAKE
WHEEL
Steering

Konstruksi Turning Radius


Rack & Pinion Power Steering
Bolt and Nut Tilt Steering
Model
2 Wheel Steering
4 Wheel Steering
Rack & Pinion
Ball & Nut
2 Wheel Steering
4 Wheel Steering
Power Steering
EPS ( Electronic Power Steering )
Tilt Steering