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VULNUS ICTUM

IN ABDOMEN

Hardyanti Dahlan
Definition
Abominal trauma is defined as damage to structures
located between the diaphragm and the pelvis caused by
blunt or penetrating injuries.
Definition
Vulnus
Lacerat
Vulnus um
Vulnus
Ictum
Anatomy
Abdominal Trauma
Stab wound is part of the sharp trauma which is a stab
wound get into the tissue of the body with a wound which
is often very small incisions on the skin, for example a
stab wound to the knife.
Abdominal Trauma
Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen , can be
blunt and penetrating trauma , and trauma intentional or
unintentional.
Etiology and Clasification

Percentage

5%
Gunshoot wounds
31% Stab wound
Shootgun wound
64%
Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology that occur related to the occurrence of abdominal trauma are :
1. There was a fluid displacement associated with tissue damage , blood loss
and shock .
2. The metabolic changes mediated by CNS and system makroendokrin ,
mikroendokrin .
3. There was a problem coagulation or clotting associated with massive
bleeding and multiple transfusions
4. Inflammation , infection and formation caused by the secretion of the
digestive tract and the bacteria into the peritoneum
5. Changes in nutrients and electrolytes that occur as a result of damage to
the integrity of the cavity of the digestive tract .
Mechanism of trauma
Stab wounds or gunshot wounds ( low speed ) will result in
tissue damage due to lacerations or cuts, gunshot wounds
at high speed will cause energy transfer kinetic greater the
organ viscera , with additional effects such as temporary
cavitation , and may break into fragments which resulted
other damage .
Picture of wound
Mechanism of disease
In the case of peritoneal penetration , laparotomy is a
necessity , and therefore the case should be performed
laparoscopic peritoneal penetration or wound exploration
in the operating room
Signs and symptoms
Penetrating trauma
The loss off all or part of organ function.
The stress response of the sympathetic.
Bleeding and clotting.
Bacterial contamination.
Cell death.
Signs and symptoms
Blunt trauma
Blood loss
Bruising / injury to the abdominal wall
Diagnostic
Thoraks picture
Blood test routine
Plain abdomen upright picture
Urine test routine
IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram)
DPL (Diagnostic Peritoneal Lavage)
Special examination
Abdominal paracentesis
Laparoscopy examination
If there are bleeding from anus should be done recto
sigmoidoscopy.
Management
Airway
Breathing
Circulation
Dissabilty
Exposure
Conclusion
Signs and symptoms of abdominal stab wounds consisted of two that
is the translucent Trauma ( abdominal trauma with penetration into
the peritoneal cavity ) : The loss of all or part of organ function ,
stress response sympathetic , bleeding and blood clots , bacterial
contamination and death cells. Then their blunt trauma ( abdominal
trauma without penetrating into the peritoneal cavity ) in the form of
loss of blood , bruises / injury to the abdominal wall , damage to
organs , tenderness , pain of word , rebound tenderness and stiffness
( rigidity ) of the abdominal wall and irritation intestinal fluids .
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