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Sistem Solar PV untuk

Laboratorium Mikrokontroller
ATMI INTERCAMP SURAKARTA

Astomo Tri Setiawan


2011-2-008
TMK-3A
Kebutuhan Energi Lab Mikrokontroller
dalam Sehari
Daya(watt Lama Daya beban
No. Nama Alat Jumlah Total (Wh)
) pemakaian (h) (watt)

1 PC 9 80 8 5760 720
2 Monitor 9 25 8 1800 225
3 AC 1 1500 8 12000 1500
4 Lampu 8 40 8 2560 320
5 Viewer 1 200 2 400 200
6 Printer 1 214 2 428 214
7 Power Supply 1 160 4 640 160
Function
8 1 30 4 120 30
Generator
9 Bor Mini 1 100 2 200 100
TOTAL 23908 3469

Max power 4509.7


Total Kebutuhan Lab Mikro

Wh kWh

Total kebutuhan per


31080.4 31.0804
hari

Total kebutuhan 1
Bulan 714849.2 714.8492
(23 Hari)
Rp
Biaya per hari
34,561.40
Rp
Biaya per Bulan
794,912.31
Perhitungan Perancangan Solar PV

Total kebutuhan energi per hari


Total kebutuhanenergi per hari=Total konsumsi alat x 1,3
= 23908 wHx 1,3
= 31080,4 Wh
= 31,0804 kWh
Panel Surya
Total Daya PV =
=
= 9324,12 Watt
= 9,32412 kW
Perhitungan Perancangan Solar PV

Jumlah Panel Surya =


=
= 29,137875 30 Buah
Battery
Total kapasitas battery =
=
= 1554,02 Ah
Sistem Solar PV untuk Lab Mikrokontroller

1. Grid Tie Solar PV System


2. Stand Alone (Off Grid) Solar PV System
Grid Tie Solar PV System
Solar Panel
Series
Risen SYP285S-320S Specifications
Photovoltaic
(Polycrystalline)
Merek Risen
Seri SYP320S
Jenis Polycrystalline
Pmpp 320 Volt
Vmpp 36.8 Volt
Impp 8.7 Ampere
Voc 45.02 Volt
Isc 9.34 Ampere
Rp 2,537,153.43
Harga

Jumlah modul 29.137875 30
Rp 76,114,602.90
Total biaya

1956x992x40 mm
Dimensi

Weight 23 kg
Perancangan Solar Panel Grid Tie

Penyusunan = Seri 10 -> 3 Paralel


Voc Array = 45 V*10 = 450 V
Isc Array = 9,34 A*3 = 28.02 A

Maximum DC input voltage = 580 V > 450 V --->


Aman
Maximum DC input current = 30 A > 28.02 A --->
Aman
Max. Beban = 5400 watt > 4509.7 watt --->
Aman
Inverter Grid Tie
Series
GOODWE Specifications
GW4600-DS
Inverter Grid Tie

Merek Goodwe
GW4600-DS
Seri

Peak Inverter Efficiency 97.4%

Recommended PV Input (STC) 5400Watts

Maximum DC Input Voltage 580V

Maximum DC Input Current 30A

Continous AC Power Output 5100Watts

Dimensions 390 417 165 mm

Category Single-phase Grid tie

Harga Rp 18.503.100
Tracker PV

Series
Hao Solar
Horizontal Single-Axis Tracker WXHY- Specifications
35ST
Tracker
Merek Hao Solar
Seri WXHY-20ST

Serface Area 205m2

Axis Rotation 0 to 35, 90


Photovoltaic Power 2.88 kw
Motor Power 15W * 1
Maximum Operating
90 km/hr
Wind
Maximum Wind
190 km/hr
Speed
Foundation Two 0.6 0.6 1.2m
Harga Rp18,608,000.00
Perhitungan Tracker PV
1956x992x40 mm
1 array 10 modul.
Ukuran modul 1642x992x40
Luas modul = 1642 x 992 = 1.628864 m2
= 1.628864 x 10 = 16.28 m2
ukuran tracker = 205 m2
Total Modul = 30 buah 3 Array
Maka Butuh 3 tracker untuk masing-masing
array
Perhitungan Biaya sistem Grid Tie

Grid Tie

Nama Barang Jumlah Harga Satuan Total Harga

PV Panel 30 Rp2,537,153.43 Rp76,114,602.90

Inverter 1 Rp18,503,100.00 Rp18,503,100.00

Tracker 3 Rp18,608,000.00 Rp55,824,000.00

Total Rp150,441,702.90
Penghitungan BEP Grid Tie

Pemakaian Sehari 8/12 jam x 23908 Wh =


15938.67 Wh = 15.938
kWh
Penghematan Tarif Listrik PLN = 1112 x 15.938 x
23 hari
= Rp 407.647,-
Investasi = Rp 150.441.702,-
BEP = Rp 150.441.702,- / Rp 407.647,-
= 369,0489 bulan
= 30.75 Tahun
Grid Tie (Batteryless)

Kelebihan Kekurangan

Dapat menyuplai listrik


ke Grid / PLN
Bila terjadi
Komponen yg
pemadaman pada
digunakan tidak begitu
Grid, sistem ikut mati
banyak
karena tidak ada
Lebih murah komponen battery backup
penyusunnya
Stand Alone Solar PV System
Solar Panel
Series
Risen SYP285S-320S Specifications
Photovoltaic
(Polycrystalline)
Merek Risen
Seri SYP320S
Jenis Polycrystalline
Pmpp 320 Volt
Vmpp 36.8 Volt
Impp 8.7 Ampere
Voc 45.02 Volt
Isc 9.34 Ampere
Rp 2,537,153.43
Harga

Jumlah modul 29.137875 30
Rp 76,114,602.90
Total biaya

1956x992x40 mm
Dimensi

Weight 23 kg
Charge Control Specification
Series
Charge Control
merek Morningstar
TS-MPPT-60-600V-
Seri 48
Peak efficient 97,5%
Max battery
current 60A
Max input current 15A
Max Voc 600V
Nominal Solar
Input 3200Wp
Nominal System
Voltage 48V
Battery Operating
Voltage Range 16-72 Vdc
Jumlah PV tiap
array 10 3
Harga Rp15.591.759,50
Jumlah charger
control 2
Jumlah biaya Rp31.183.519,00
Penyusunan = Seri 10 -> 3 Paralel
Voc Array = 45 V*10 = 450 V
Isc Array = 9,34 A*3 = 28.02 A

Maximum DC input voltage = 600 V > 450 V --->


Aman
Maximum DC input current = 15 A > 28.02 A --->
Belum Aman
(Harus memasang 2 Charge Control)
Battery
Rolls Battery Spesification
Bank Series

Battery

Rolls Battery
Merek 20 Hour Rate
Bank

Voltage 48 VDC

Capacity 428 Ah

Harga Rp34.481.700,00
Total kebutuhan battery = Total kebutuhan kapasitas
battery : kapasitas
= 1554,02Ah / 428 Ah
= 3,63 4
Total biaya baterai = 4 x Rp34.481.700,00
= Rp 137.926.800,-
Inverter

AIMS Power
PICOGLF80W48V240VS Inverter
Merek AIMS Power
PICOGLF80W48V240V
Seri S
Continuous Output Power 8000 Watts
Output Waveform Pure Sine
Nominal Efficiency >88% (Peak)
Nominal Input Voltage 48.0Vdc
Low Battery Alarm 42.0Vdc-44.0Vdc
High Voltage Alarm 64.0Vdc
Low battery Voltage
Restart 62.0Vdc
23.3 x 16.3 x 7.9
Unit Size inches
Price Rp27.900.370,00
Daya maksimal penggunaan baterai =
Daya Maksimal Ruangan x 1,3 (Safe
Factor)
= 4509,7 x 1, 3 = 5862,61 Watt
Daya keluaran inverter = 8000watts
Dapat dipastikan aman karena 8000 Watts
> 5862,61 Watts
Tracker PV

Series
Hao Solar
Horizontal Single-Axis Tracker WXHY- Specifications
35ST
Tracker
Merek Hao Solar
Seri WXHY-20ST

Serface Area 205m2

Axis Rotation 0 to 35, 90


Photovoltaic Power 2.88 kw
Motor Power 15W * 1
Maximum Operating
90 km/hr
Wind
Maximum Wind
190 km/hr
Speed
Foundation Two 0.6 0.6 1.2m
Harga Rp18,608,000.00
Perhitungan Biaya Komponen Stand Alone

Stand Alone

Nama Barang Jumlah Harga Satuan Total Harga

PV Panel 30 Rp3,128,593.29 Rp93,857,798.70

Inverter 1 Rp27,900,370.00 Rp27,900,370.00

Battery 4 Rp34,481,700.00 Rp137,926,800.00

Charge Controller 2 Rp15,591,759.50 Rp31,183,519.00

Tracker 3 Rp18,608,000.00 Rp55,824,000.00

Rp252,834,689.00
Pemakaian Sehari 8/12 jam x 23908 Wh =
15938.67 Wh = 15.938
kWh
Penghematan Tarif Listrik PLN = 1112 x 15.938 x
23 hari
= Rp 407.647,-
Investasi = Rp252.834.689,-
BEP = Rp 252.834.689,- / Rp 407.647,-
= 620,229 bulan
= 51.685 Tahun
Off-Grid / Stand Alone

Kelebihan Kekurangan
Adanya battery Komponen yg
backup, sistem digunakan cukup
dapat berjalan banyak, sehingga
hingga 2 hari investasi awal
dengan tenaga cukup besar
battery
TERIMA KASIH