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Workplace Safety
and Health
Strategic Importance of
Workplace Safety and Health
Pentingnya Strategi untuk Keselamatan Kerja dan

Manfaat dari tempat kerja yang aman dan


Konsekwensi dari tempat kerja yang tidak

sehat dan aman
Manfaat dari tempat kerja yang aman
dan sehat
Produktivitas yang tinggi karena hari kerja
yang hilang lebih sedikit.
Peningkatan kualitas dan efisiensi dari
tenaga kerja yang lebih baik kesehatannya.
Pengurangan biaya medis dan biaya
Tingkat kompensasi dapat ditekan karena
klaim yang diajukan lebih sedikit.
Meningkatkan reputasi perusahaan.
Konsekwensi dari tempat kerja yang
tidak sehat dan aman
Injury & Desease : Back Injury, Eye Injury,
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS)
Mental Health : Depressive Disorder
Death & Violence : Transportation incidents,
Contact with object and Equipment, Assaults
and Violence acts
Economic Cost
Promoting Safety and Health Within
an Integrated
HR Activities
Strategic System
HR Activities Objectives for
Job Analysis and
Competency Model
Workplace Safety
Management and Health Safety and
Training & Enhance productivity Health Outcomes
Development Manage Costs
Physiological :
Benefits and Services Reduce Injuries,
Accidents, Desease,
External Desease
Technologi, Industry , Strategies Phsycological :
Laws & Regulations Improve Mental Health, Job
(OSHA), Workplace Safety Burnout, Stress
Globalizations, etc and Health
Measuring and
Leadership, Culture
Stress Management
Ancaman Kesehatan dan Keselamatan di Tempat
Occupational Accidents (berhubungan dengan kecelakaan)
- Organizational Quality
Working conditions & times, Tools & technology
- Individual Qualities
The degree to which a person contributes to an accident

Violent Employees (gangguan pekerja)

Verbal threats, Physical Action, FrustrationObsession

Occupational Desease (berhubungan dengan penyakit)

OSHA : categories of occupational disease & illness

Poorly Designed Job

Strategies for Improving
Workplace Safety and Health
Monitoring Safety and Health
Accident Prevention

Desease Prevention

Stress Management

Wellness Program
Monitoring Safety and Health
Incidence Rate : account the number of injuries and
illness in a year
Number of Injuries and Illness * 200.000
Number of Employee hours worked
Frequency Rate : the number of injuries and illness for
every million hours worked
Number of Injuries and Illness * 1.000.000 hours
Number of Employee hours worked
Severity Rate : the hours actually lost owing injury or
Total hours charged * 1.000.000 hours
Number of Employee hours worked
Accident Prevention

vary the tasks during the day, 10 to 30 second breaks every 30
minutes, every 2 hours take longer break from monitor display,
reduce sources of environmental stress, discover the feature &
function to adjust
Health and Safety Commitees
take responsibility for identifying issues that need to be
addressed -> recommendations for how to improve
Behaviour Modification
offering to subsidize health club membership, building exercise
facilities , incentive based health care programs
Assessing Intervention Effectiveness
Desease Prevention

Record Keeping
to measure the chemicals in the work environment like
incubation period
Monitoring Exposure
ex : monitor genetic changes due to exposures to
carcinogens -> different jobs, conditions modified
Genetic Screening
Wellness Program
Weight Loss
Smoking Cessation
workplace offers an important opportunity for improving the
health the health of workers who wish to stop smoking
Current Issues
Preparation for and Recovery from Diseases
and Disasters
How much should I get involved, especially in a proactive
Safety around the world
preparing employees to work and live overseas