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Multi-Junction Solar cells with

concentrator


Renewable Energy Systems ECE 618
Thursday, 27th April 2017

Team #8
Mustafa Yousef 31419190
Ismail Celik - 31416591
Hany Nassim 31254409

Dr. Dong Kyun Ko


Introduction

Problem Statement motivationg:
Expensive current natural energy resources.
Expensive crude oil extrusion & refining.

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Solutions

New renewable energy resources such as:

Hydraulic Energy ( wind and water Energies)

Nuclear Energy

Solar Energy

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Photovoltaic
Technologies

Many technologies used in Photovoltaic
Energy harvesting such as:

Quantum dot solar cells


GaAs
CdTe
Multi-junction solar cells

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Multi-junction solar cells with
concentrator

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Absorption of Light

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MJ Solar Cell

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Multi-junction solar cells with
concentrator

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Solar Circuit MODEL

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Schematic and circuit model

Tunnel Junction: very thing layer that allows light to go through it
by tunneling.

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Over all circuit Model

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Voc & Isc VS Eg

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Voc and Isc Behavior In MJ
Solar Cell

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Tunnel Junction & Window layer

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Concentrator

Parameters affected by
the concentrator :
1)Voc
2)Isc
3)FF

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Concentrator

Voc , Isc and FF with concentrator:

http://www.pveducation.org/pvcdrom/effect-of-light-
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intensity
Lattice Matching

Lattice constant: Thelattice constant, orlattice
parameter, refers to the physical dimension of unit
cells in a crystallattice. Lattices in three dimensions
generally have threelattice constants, referred to as
a, b, and c.

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Lattice Matching

Lattice constant:

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What makes multi junction
solar cells distinctive
among others?

Efficiency
Record market testing
%44.4 at 302 suns by

Sharp

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How is this efficiency
is acquired?

Remember loss mechanism

Spectral Mismatch

Thermalization Losses (Energy above the


bandgap is wasted due to thermalization)

Light Spectrum Losses (Photons below the


bandgap is not absorbed)
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A Single Junction semi conductor can only absorb a photon if its energy bigger
than the band gap


Basic principle of multi junction solar
cells is putting together different type of
semiconductors with different band gap
on top of each other, so wider range of
wavelengths can be absorbed.

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The energy which can be obtained from multi
junction solar cell is significantly higher than a
single junction silicon solar cell.

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Concentrators can make an efficiency-increase up to
%15.

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Efficiency Vs
Concentration

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However what is the cost-
efficiency parameter?

Even though Concentrating-MJ solar cells are expensive
to build now, they might be very economical in the near
future

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Multi-Junction Solar Cell
Limitation and potential
improvements

Multi Junction Solar
Technology Limitation

Lattice miss-matching

Current miss-matching

Price and availability

Limitation of Concentrator

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Lattice miss-Matching

If the lattice constant is not matched :

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Current miss-match and
matching

We need to design the three cells to have almost the
same current since they are connected in series. This
current depends on the energy of photons exceeding
the Eg and it depends also on the material absorptivity.
We know each junction has different current as
explained by my colleague Mustafa and since they are
connected in series the lowest current will be limiting
the over all current of the MJ solar cell. According to
the mentioned, the efficiency will increase if we
increased the short circuit series current in the MJ-solar
cell because its is directly proportional to short circuit
current. Eff=(voc*isc*ff)/(Pin)
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MJ-Solar Cell Future Potential

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Price & Availability

Ge is hard to obtain for mass production

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Limitation of a
concentrator

Concentrator depends on direct sun light Thus it needs a
tracker to track the sun to have a direct sun light and to put
the light in the correct trap angle. This can increase the price
of the system

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Limitation of a
concentrator

Another thing that limits the concentrator is the cloudy
whether since as mentioned the concentrator depends on
direct sun light so if the weather is cloudy then its
effectiveness will decrease dramatically and its like the
system has been increased in price for nothing.

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Multi Junction Solar
Cells in Commercial

USE

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THANKS FOR ATTENTION !

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