Anda di halaman 1dari 18

REVIEW OF RELATED

LITERATURE
WHY REVIEW
LITERATURE?
It helps the researcher identify
and define a research problem
It helps justify the need for
studying the problem
It prevents unnecessary
duplication of study
It can be a source of theoretical
basis for the study
It enables the researcher to learn
how to conceptualize a research
problem and properly identify and
operationally define study
variables
It helps formulate and refine
research instruments
It provides lesson for data
analysis and interpretation
DEFINITION OF REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

A review of related literature is


the process of collecting,
selecting and reading books,
journals, reports, abstracts and
other reference materials. The
following may be collected:
1.Background information about
the problem and related concepts
2. Theories that explain the
existence of the problem and the
possible connection between
certain factors and the problem
3. Data that confirms the existence
and seriousness of the problem
4. General and specific findings of
studies related to the problem
5. Recommendations for further
study given in related studies
WHEN TO START REVIEWING LITERATURE?
While the research problem is still
being conceptualized, the
researcher must already start
reviewing literature. In identifying
and defining the research
problem, the researcher must be
able to show evidences that the
problem really exists and is worth
investigating.
It is important that the
researcher knows what is already
known about the problem or what
earlier researchers have found
about it and what questions still
need to be answered before the
research questions or objectives
are finalized.
FOREIGN LITERATURE
Any thesis topic other than in own
native literature. They may be the
literature of another literature,
comparative literature or any
theme, topic, genre of a foreign
literature. It can be written in
ones own native language
FOREIGN STUDY

Any research study other than in


own native literature . It can be a
thesis or study related to your
current study
LOCAL LITERATURE
Any thesis topic in your own
native literature. They may be the
literature of another literature,
comparative literature or any
theme, topic, genre of a foreign
literature. It can be written in
ones own native languange.
LOCAL STUDY

Any research study in your own


native literature. It can be a
thesis or a study related to your
current research topic or study
PRESENTING REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Chronological Approach
- according to the time they were
written.
Recent one should be presented
first then
going as far back.