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ZXSDR BTS Structure and Principle

Objectives

Introduction to ZXSDR
Main Features of ZXSDR
Main Differences Between ZXSDR and
Traditional 2G BTS
ZXSDR BTS Family Introduction
ZXSDR BTS Hardware Function
Configuration of ZXSDR
Alarm Handling
Introduction to ZXSDR

Challenges in the Development of


Communication Technology
SDR Concept
Challenge in the Development of
Communication Technology
With the increasing communication demands, new
technologies come out in succession. The
common concern for communication operators
and equipment suppliers is how to upgrade
equipment more flexibly and protect the
investment of operators to greatest extent in the
continuous technology updates.
The SDR concept is proposed for this problem.
SDR Concept
The software defined radio (SDR) is defined as
radio in which some or all of the physical layer
functions are software defined.
SDR Concept
The traditional communication equipment, namely the
hardware radio (HR), functions through the hardware.
Therefore, functions are often improved by upgrading the
equipment. SDR uses the hardware as a general
processing platform and functions through the software
Why to Select ZXSDR Series BTS?
ZTE SDR serial BTS are a brand-new series of radio
products designed and produced by ZTE. They use the
advanced SDR technology and their hardware structure is
based on the uniform platform of ZTE, innovatively
supporting multiple radio access methods, including GSM,
UMTS, CDMA2000, and WiMAX. In addition, SDR can be
smoothly evolved into the Enhanced EDGE/LTE.
Main Features of ZXSDR

High-integrity
Flexible Architecture
Multiple New Functions
Lower Cost
Main Features of ZXSDR

GSM networking mainly uses three types of SDR


BTS:
the first is indoor macro BTS 8800
the second is outdoor macro BTS8900
Main Features of ZXSDR

the third is distributed BTS in which BBU is at the local


end and RU is at the remote end (RRU), such as
ZXSDR B8200 GU360 + ZXSDR B8860 GU906/GU186.
High-integrity
Based on the All-IP transmission structure.
Support RU of multiple bands.
BBU supports 60TRX, and RU supports 6TRX/2TRX.
RU60 board supports 6TRX, and RU02 board supports

2TRX.
One fiber supports 24 TRXs.
2G supports a maximum capacity of S666666 or
S12/12/12; 3G supports a maximum of 12CS; the dual
mode supports a maximum of S333 + S666 (GSM +
UMTS).
Support the smooth evolution to LTE and HSPA+
Flexible Architecture
Support the macro BTS and RRU
BBU and RU within a cabinet is called a macro BTS.
RRU is called a distributed BTS
Support FE/GE and E1/T1 (IPOE)
Do not support the channelized E1/T1 currently
Support the indoor/outdoor type
Small size, light weight, energy-saving and
environment protection
Support the technology evolution
Multiple New Functions
Baseband frequency hopping
Transmit/receive diversity
DDT/DPCT
Multi-carrier combination
Lower Cost
Reduced unit cost
Reduced typical networking cost
Saved ABIS bandwidth
Reduced operating cost
Reduced maintenance cost
Main Differences Between ZXSDR and
Traditional 2G BTS
The base band and RF unit are in the same
module in V2,3 BTS. ZTE SDR BBU and RU are
separated.
lower power consumption .
Capacity
Power Consumption
BB BBU+RRU Architecture:Arch
BTS is divided into BBU and RRU. One BBU can provide baseband
resources for multiple RRU.itec
Introduction to OMCB
A traditional 2G BTS (such as BTSV2 and BTSV3) is configured and
managed through OMCR, while the configurations of a SDR BTS should
be performed on LMT or OMCB. OMCR is used to configure some radio
data.

to OMCB
IP Abis Interface
The other major difference for a SDR BTS from a
traditional 2G BTS is that the Abis/Iub uses IP protocol. Its
physical bearer can be FE/GE or E1/T1 (IP over E1/T1),
but not the E1/T1 of TDMBTS can fully use the existing
transmission equipment to save the user investment; if
FE/GE is used, BTS will obtain more bandwidth, which is
oriented to the communication system evolution to all IP.
ZXSDR BTS Family Introduction

ZXSDR BS8700
ZXSDR BS8800
ZXSDR BS8900
ZXSDR BS8906
ZXSDR BTS Work Principle
ZXSDR BTS Operation and Maintenance
SDR Base Station Family

Distributed BTS BS8700, flexible


R8840 R8860 BS8700
networking, 0 space requirement and
B8200
+ = rapid deployment , can be used for both
indoor and outdoor coverage

RSU40/RSU60 BS8906
Micro BTS BS8906, provide Low-cost

+
integrated solution for single-sector
= cell.
B8200

RSU40/RSU60 BS8800
Indoor Marco BTS BS8800, can be
installed in equipment room for indoor

B8200
+ = coverage

RSU40/RSU60 BS8900 Outdoor Marco BTS BS8900, can be


installed in cabinet for outdoor

B8200
+ = coverage, it can adapt to various
environment
Agenda

ZXSDR BTS Family Introduction


ZXSDR BS8700
ZXSDR BS8800
ZXSDR BS8900
ZXSDR BS8906
ZXSDR BTS Work Principle
ZXSDR BTS Operation and Maintenance
ZXSDR B8200
ZXSDR B8200 system description
ZXSDR B8200 GU360 is a dual-mode baseband unit. It can
support the GSM or UMTS system or both, and share the
common control function and transmission.
ZXSDR B8200 GU360 supports a maximum of 60 GSM
carriers, or 12 UMTS carrier-sectors.
ZXSDR B8200 hardware structure
ZXSDR B8200
ZXSDR R8860 Hardware Structure
ZXSDR R8860 is the outdoor dual-mode RF remote unit in
the ZXSDR serial BTS. The core of the R8860 is the multi-
carrier technology.
When the R8860 is used as the RF unit of the GSM, it can
support 1 - 6 carriers;
ZXSDR R8860 Hardware Structure
The R8860 can be categorized into ZXSDR R8860 GU906
and ZXSDR R8860 GU186.
The GU indicates that the GSM and UMTS dual modes

are supported.
The 906 indicates that the GSM900 and UMTS900 are

supported, and the transmitting power is 80 W.


The 186 indicates that the GSM1800 and UMTS1800

are supported, and the transmitting power is 80 W.


B8200+R8860 Installation and Distribution
Diagram
ZXSDR BS8700
ZXSDR BS8700 consists of BBU (B8200) and RRU (R8860). 8200
is an indoor GSM/UMTS dual-mode BBU product. R8860 is an outdoor
GSM/UMTS dual-mode remote radio unit. B8200 and R8600
work in cooperation to implement BTS/Node B functions.
BS8700 supports GSM (850 MHz/900 MHz/1800 MHz/1900 MHz)
and UMTS (850 MHz/900 MHz/1800 MHz/1900 MHz). It can also
independently serve as a GSM or UMTS macro base station.
Hardware Architecture of BS8700

Antenna BS8700
BBU

BB
(uBPG) CPRI
FS R8860
RadioUnit
Radio Unit Fiber
E1(75 SA/
/120 SE CC
) / T1
GE/FE RRU

Control Signaling
Clock
Data
=
R8840

+ R8860

B8200

The
The structure
structure of
of BS8700
BS8700 can
can express
express in
in the
the form
form of
of
BBU+RRU,
BBU+RRU, with
with Base
Base band
band and
and RF
RF modules
modules separated.
separated.
ZXSDR B8200 Introduction
B8200 accomplishes the following basic functions
with RRU in Um/Uu, Abis/Iub and O&M interfaces.
RRU and B8200 accomplishes UE access and radio link transmission
including RF processing, channel coding and decoding, channel
multiplexing and de-multiplexing, measuring and reporting, power
control, transmit diversity, receiving diversity, calibration and
synchronization.
With Abis/Iub interface, RRU and B8200 connects with BSC/RNC and
accomplishes the following functions including cell management,
reporting BTS measurement information, broadcasting system
Information, implementing access control from BSC/RNC, mobility
management, radio resource management and controlling.
With operating and maintenance interface, B8200 provides system
management functions including configuration management, alarm
management, status checking and system monitoring
Base Band Unit - ZXSDR B8200
Performance Index
GSM Processing Capability:
19 inch
60TRX (12TRX *5uBPGs )
2U
24 Cell / BBU
88.4mm

482.6mm

Based on Unified MicroTCA Platform

Physical Index
Interface Index Volume:
Abis Interface: 88.4482.6197mm HWD
Weight: 8.75kg (full configuration)
16*E1/T1
Typical Power Consumption :
1*FE/GE Electric/Optical(8 VLAN)
GSM 80W / 6TRX
To RRU: 12*1.25Gbps CPRI optical interface Power Supply: -48V DC
Temperature Range: -20 55
Humidity Range: 5% 95%
Networking Topology of RRU

Chain Topology

Star Topology RRU


RRU B8200

STM-1
B8200

BSC

E1/T1

ZTE
ZTEprovides
providesflexible
flexiblenetworking
networkingfor
fordistributed
distributedsite
sitesuch
suchas
asstar,
star,
chain,
chain,loop
loopand
andmix
mixtopology
topologyto
tomeet
meetdemands
demandsforforcustomers.
customers.
Agenda

ZXSDR BTS Family Introduction


ZXSDR BS8700
ZXSDR BS8800
ZXSDR BS8900
ZXSDR BS8906
ZXSDR BTS Work Principle
ZXSDR BTS Operation and Maintenance
ZXSDR BS8800 Introduction
ZXSDR BS8800 (hereafter BS8800) is one of multi-carrier, multi-mode indoor
macro base station in ZXSDR BTS series.
BS8800 accomplishes UE access and radio link transmission including RF
processing, channel coding and decoding, channel multiplexing and de-
multiplexing, measuring and reporting, power control, transmit diversity, receiving
diversity, calibration and synchronization.
BS8800 connects with BSC/RNC and accomplishes the following functions
including cell management, reporting BTS measurement information, broadcasting
system Information, implementing access control from BSC/RNC, mobility
management, radio resource management and controlling, FP processing and
ATM transmission management.
With operating and maintenance interface, BS8800 provides system management
functions including configuration management, alarm management, status
checking and system monitoring.
BS8800 adopts standard 19 inches rack structure. The volume is main cabinet
dimension: 950mm * 600mm * 450mm (H*W*D), auxiliary cabinet dimension:
700mm * 600mm * 450mm (H*W*D).
Integrated Indoor Macro Site - ZXSDR BS8800
SDR BS8800 Radio Unit:
RSU40/RSU60

Performance
PerformanceIndex
Index
GSM Processing Capability:
GSM Processing Capability:
Radio Unit GSM: 60 TRX (12TRX * 5 BP boards
GSM: 60 TRX (12TRX * 5 BP boards
24 Cell / BBU
24 Cell / BBU
Receive Sensitivity:
Receive Sensitivity:
GSM -113dBm@single antenna
GSM -113dBm@single antenna

Baseband B8200
Unit

Physical
PhysicalIndex
Index
Interface
InterfaceIndex
Index Volume: 950600450mm HWD
Iub Interface: Volume: 950600450mm HWD
Iub Interface:
(Main
(MainCabinet)
Cabinet)
8*E1/T1(Can expand to 16)
8*E1/T1(Can expand to 16) Weight: 135kg (Main Cabinet)
Weight: 135kg (Main Cabinet)
1*GE/FE Optical or 1*GE/FE Electrical
1*GE/FE Optical or 1*GE/FE Electrical Typical Power Consumption S666:735W(RSU60)
Typical Power Consumption S666:735W(RSU60)
To RRU: 12 *1.25Gbps CPRI Optical Interface
To RRU: 12 *1.25Gbps CPRI Optical Interface Power Supply: -48V DC (-40~-57V DC)
Power Supply: -48V DC (-40~-57V DC)
BS8800 Hardware Structure
Radio Unit:
RSU40,RSU60

Wiring Duct:
Used to walk wiring in rack, such

Radio Unit as fiber or SFP cable between BBU


and RSU.
Power
Power Distribution Module:
Distribution Module Passive power distribution unit

Transmission Device:
Wiring 1U slot, it can provide built-in
Duct 950mm
transmission or microwave devices
Transmission Fan
to save operators investment.
Device
Ventilation Base Band Unit:
Base Band 2*B8200 can be placed in

maximum
FAN
Used to perform heat dissipation

450 mm for RSU modules, 6 fans in total


600mm

37
BS8800 - Easy to Stack, Easy to expand
Radio Unit

700mm Cable Chute


Power Distribution
Module
Ventilation
450 mm

Auxiliary Cabinet 600mm Fan 1650mm


Radio Unit

Cable Chute

950mm
Power Distribution
Module 950mm

Ventilation

450 mm Base Band Unit 450 mm

Main Cabinet 600mm 600mm


Easy
Easyto
tostack
stackand
andexpand,
expand,lower
lowerupgrade
upgradecost
cost for
forcustomers
customers
Agenda

ZXSDR BTS Family Introduction


ZXSDR BS8700
ZXSDR BS8800
ZXSDR BS8900
ZXSDR BS8906
ZXSDR BTS Work Principle
ZXSDR BTS Operation and Maintenance
ZXSDR BS8900 Introduction
ZXSDR BS8900 (hereafter BS8900) is one of multi-carrier, multi-mode outdoor
macro base station in ZXSDR BTS series.
BS8900 accomplishes UE access and radio link transmission including RF
processing, channel coding and decoding, channel multiplexing and de-
multiplexing, measuring and reporting, power control, transmit diversity, receiving
diversity, calibration and synchronization.
BS8900 connects with BSC/RNC and accomplishes the following functions
including cell management, reporting BTS measurement information, broadcasting
system Information, implementing access control from BSC/RNC, mobility
management, radio resource management and controlling, ATM transmission
management.
With operating and maintenance interface, BS8900 provides system management
functions including configuration management, alarm management, status
checking and system monitoring.
BS8900 adopts standard 19 inches rack structure, is composed of outdoor RF
cabinets RC8910, RC8911, RC8931, site support cabinet BC8910, and battery
cabinet PC8910.
Integrated Outdoor Macro Site - ZXSDR
BS8900
Base Band Unit: SDR BS8900
B8200

Performance
PerformanceIndex
Index
GSM Processing Capability:
GSM Processing Capability:
GSM: 60 TRX (12TRX * 5 BP boards)
GSM: 60 TRX (12TRX * 5 BP boards)
24 Cell / BBU
24 Cell / BBU
Receive Sensitivity:
Receive Sensitivity:
GSM -113dBm@single antenna
GSM -113dBm@single antenna

Radio Unit:
RSU40/RSU60
Physical
PhysicalIndex
Index
Interface
InterfaceIndex
Index Volume: 1900600600mm HWD
Volume: 1900600600mm HWD
Abis interface: (Standard
Abis interface: (StandardConfiguration)
Configuration)
8*E1/T1(Can expand to 16) Weight: 220kg ( with 3RSU)
8*E1/T1(Can expand to 16) Weight: 220kg ( with 3RSU)
1*GE Optical or 1*GE/FE Electrical Typical Power Consumption:S666:725W(RSU60)
1*GE Optical or 1*GE/FE Electrical Typical Power Consumption:S666:725W(RSU60)
To RRU: 12 *1.25Gbps CPRI Optical interface Power Supply: -48V DC(-40VDC ~ -57VDC)
To RRU: 12 *1.25Gbps CPRI Optical interface Power Supply: -48V DC(-40VDC ~ -57VDC)
SDR BS8900 Hardware Structure
Heat Exchanger Radio Unit:
RSU40,RSU60
Transmission
Device
6*RU can be supported in maximum
Lightning Power Distribution Module:
protection box Passive power distribution unit
Base Band Unit
Heat Exchanger:
Cable rack
Perform heat dissipation for base band,
AC/DC Unit power and transmission unit
Transmission Device:
FAN
7U slot with DC power supply, it can provide
PDM Battery built-in transmission or microwave devices
to save operators investment, 4U slot with
AC power supply
Radio Unit
Base Band Unit:
B8200
AC /DC Unit(B121):
Provide -48V DC power for BS8900, it
contains monitor unit and rectifier unit
Battery Cabinet:
the nominal capacity of the built-in batteries
is 300Ah

42
Agenda

ZXSDR BTS Family Introduction


ZXSDR BS8700
ZXSDR BS8800
ZXSDR BS8900
ZXSDR BS8900A
ZXSDR BS8906
ZXSDR BTS Work Principle
ZXSDR BTS Operation and Maintenance
ZXSDR BS8900A
Hardware Architecture
BBU performs Abis/Iub interface functions, signaling processing,baseband
processing, remote and local O&M functions, working status monitoring, and
alarm functions.
RRU performs terminal access and RF link transmission function through
Um/Uu interface.
ZXSDR BTS Hardware Function

Clock and control module (CC):


Function: frame management, GPS/BITS clock
access, Abis/Iub interface, Ethernet switch (switch
between the signaling stream and media stream)
Location: fixed in slot 1 or 2. You can insert one
or two (active/standby) boards
ZXSDR BTS Hardware Function
Network switch module (FS):
Function: provide the interface between the BBU and RRU to switch
the baseband IQ data.
Location: fixed in slot 3 or 4. You can insert one or two (for load
sharing) boards.
Baseband processing board (BP):
Function: the BP board can be divided into two categories: the UBPG
(common GSM baseband processing board) supporting the GSM, which
modulates/demodulates 12 IQ channels, and supports baseband FM and
dynamic/static power control.
Location: slot 5, 6, 7, or 8, or slot 3 or 4 (only one is inserted,
because the FS needs a slot).
ZXSDR BTS Hardware Function

Field alarm module (SA):


Function: provide 8 E1/T1 interfaces, dry contact interfaces (6
inputs + 2 inputs/outputs), and alarm monitoring.
Location: fixed in slot 13.
Power management module (PM):
Function: provide -48 V DC input, and the power management
function such as over-/under-voltage protection.
Location: insert one or two (active/standby) boards in slots 14 and
15.
Configuration of ZXSDR

OMCR Data Configuration

OMCB Data Configuration


OMCR Data Configuration

Task Purpose

Set the BSC global resource configuration parameters.


Configure the Abis interface board and OMCB interface
bard of the BSC.
Configure the Abis interface, OMCB interface, IP interface
of the BSC virtual address.
Configure the logical site and radio parameters of the SDR
OMCR Data Configuration

Task Preparation
The operating system, database and iOMCRV6.20 network
management including the OMCR and OMCB are correctly installed
and run normally.
The A interface and Gb interface of the iBSC are connected, and the
dialing test is normal.
IP addresses of the SDR site, Abis interface on the BSC, OMCB
interface, OMCB interface and the virtual IP address of the BSC are
planned. The module number corresponding to the SDR on the BSC
and Abis interface position are also planned.