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Synonyms, Antonyms,

Homographs, Homophones
3RW1.4 Use knowledge of synonyms,
antonyms, homophones, and
homographs to determine word
meaning.
(4 questions on CST)

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Synonyms: Words that have the
same or almost the same meaning.
easy simple
feed eat
big large
grumble complain
start begin
ill sick
crazy silly

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STAR Test Prep.
Read this sentence.
The car collided into the large tree.

Which word is a synonym for the underlined


word.
A big
B crashed
C bush
D drove

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STAR Test Prep.
Read this sentence.
The humorous joke made us laugh.

Which word is a synonym for humorous as used


in the line above?

A person
B comedian
C funny
D happy

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Antonyms: Words that have
opposite meanings.
give take
loud quiet
thick thin
full empty
enemy friend
father mother
add subtract

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STAR Test Prep.
Read this sentence.
It was hard for Ann to stay calm on her birthday.

Which word is an antonym for the word calm as it


Is used in the sentence?

A sad
B present
C happy
D excited

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STAR Test Prep.
Which two words are ANTONYMS?

A pull, carry
B sad, depressed
C up, curly
D wet, dry

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Homographs Words that are spelled alike, but
are different in origin, meaning, or pronunciation.

minute

We had one minute to


solve the problems.

Apple seeds are very


minute.

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Homographs Words that are spelled alike, but
are different in origin, meaning, or pronunciation

tear
Gauges mom wiped
away his tear.

What page do we
need to tear out?

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The toy needed wound three times.
In which sentence does wound mean the same
thing as in the sentence above?

A He wound up the clock.


B The dog had a wound in its paw.
C I hope the baseball didnt wound you.
D My wound needed cleaned.

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Homophones: two or more words that have the same
pronunciation, but different spellings and different
meanings

ate eight
see sea
cent sent
eye I
hour our
no know
write right
son sun

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Read this sentence.
Would you like a glass of apple juice?

Which of the following words from the sentence could be


spelled differently and have a different meaning?
(A) Would
(B) glass
(C)apple
(D)juice

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If I get good grades, Mom will _____ a
_____ phone for my birthday.

Which pair of words makes the sentence correct?


(A) by, cell
(B) buy, sell
(C) buy, cell
(D) by, sell

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