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Al-Jazera Factories for Steel

Products Co. Ltd.

API 5L Specification for Line Pipe


Product Specification Level

API 5L has two product specification level


(PSL) for use in transportation system in
petroleum and natural gas industries.

PSL1 & PSL2


Definitions:
EW pipe
electric welded pipe
tubular product having one longitudinal seam produced by low- or high-frequency electric-
welding.

HFW pipe
high-frequency welded pipe
EW pipe produced with a welding current frequency equal to or greater than 70 kHz

low frequency electric welded pipe


LFW pipe
EW pipe produced with a welding current frequency less than 70 kHz

pipe body
<SMLS pipe> the entire pipe

pipe body
<welded pipe> the entire pipe, excluding the weld(s) and HAZ

service condition
condition of use that is specified by the purchaser in the purchase order
NOTE In this Standard, the terms sour service and offshore service are service conditions.
Abbreviations:
COW: combination welding process for pipe during manufacturing
COWH: combination helical welding process for pipe during manufacturing
COWL: combination longitudinal welding process for pipe during manufacturing
CTOD :crack tip opening displacement
CVN : Charpy V-notch
CW :continuous welding process for pipe during manufacturing
DWT :drop-weight tear
EW :electric resistance or electric induction welding process for pipe during
manufacturing
GMAW :gas metal-arc welding process
HAZ :heat-affected zone
HFW :high-frequency electric welding process for pipe during manufacturing
LFW :low-frequency electric welding process for pipe during manufacturing
LW :laser welding process for pipe during manufacturing
MT :magnetic particle testing
NDT :non-destructive testing
PSL :product specification level
Delivery condition based on pipe grades:
Manufacturing Process:
Process Validation:
Heat treatment of weld seam

8.8 Treatment of weld seams in EW and LW pipes


8.8.1 PSL 1 EW pipe
For grades higher than Grade L290 or X42, the weld seam and the HAZ shall
be heat treated so as to simulate a normalizing heat treatment, except that, if
agreed, alternative heat treatments may be substituted. If such substitutions
are made, the manufacturer shall demonstrate the effectiveness of the
method selected using an agreed procedure. Such a procedure may include,
but is not necessarily limited to, hardness testing, microstructural evaluation
or mechanical testing.
For grades equal to or lower than Grade L290 or X42, the weld seam shall be
heat treated so as to simulate a normalizing heat treatment, or the pipe shall
be processed in such a manner that no untempered martensite remains.

8.8.2 LW pipe and PSL 2 HFW pipe


For all grades, the weld seam and the entire HAZ shall be heat treated so as to
simulate a normalizing heat treatment.
Chemical Analysis PSL1
Chemical Analysis PSL2
Mechanical Properties: PSL1
Mechanical Properties: PSL2
Test Requirement: PSL1
Test Requirement: PSL2
Hydro test Pressure:
NDT inspection:

Non-destructive inspection for other than sour service or offshore service

E.1.2 Non-destructive inspection shall be conducted by Level 1, 2 or 3


personnel.
E.3.2 Pipe end inspection Welded pipe
E.3.2.1 If an automated ultrasonic or electromagnetic inspection system is
applied to meet the requirements of E.3.1.1, the weld at any pipe end not
covered by the automated inspection system shall be inspected for defects by
the manual or semi-automatic ultrasonic angle beam method or by the
radiographic method, whichever is appropriate, or such non-inspected pipe
end shall be cut off. Records in accordance with E.5.4 shall be maintained.