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TUGAS MEKANIKA

BAHAN
DOSEN: PROF.DR.ING.JOHANNES TARIGAN

NAMA KELOMPOK G :

 Khairul Ilham Gulo (140404029)
 Darma Teguh Pribadi (140404030)
 Linus Yasman Gea (140404031)
 Elisabet Nasarani Butar-butar (140404032)
 Siska Novelia Zai (140404033)

7 m H = 0.6 KN G = 80 h= KN 3. 80 =17.22 G =0. gambarknlah bidang momen .3 m .22 .Suatu konstruksi dari baja seperti di bawah. & tegangan geser maksimum.tegangan normal maksimum. Tentukan dimana tegangan lentur maksimum. L = 1. lintang dan normal akibat berat sendiri dan beban H & G.

baja Ma = 0.5 KN/m3 A AH QBS = A .6 KN A = 114.01142 m2 x 78.3 m KN KN baja = 78.2 cm2 B C = 0.01142 m2 80 80 3.5 KN/m3 AV = 0.89647 KN/m .Akibat    Beban Sendiri Ukuran balok WF 500 x 200 17.

48235 – AV = 0 AV= 4. 1.3 m) – AV = 0 (0.48235 KN 4.Mencari    Reaksi =0 V=0 H=0 V=0 (qbs .48 KN . 1.89647 . 3.3) – AV = 0 1.89647 . 3.7) + (0.523999 + 2.958351 – AV = 0 4.7 m) + (qbs .

3 KNm .7) 2 M = 2.3 KNm A MAB = MBC = 1.89647) (1.MOMEN MC =0 1.3 KNm - MBC= ½ q L 2 0 tm B C = ½ (0.5907983/2 - = 1.29539915 = 1.

7) + C = 1.89647) .LINTANG DC = 0 KN 1. (1.523999 KN B DA = 0 KN A .L 9 KN = (0.52399 DB = qbs .

7) = 1. L = 1.523999 + (0.89647) (1. (1.523999 KN A NA = NB + qbs .7) - = 1.523999 + 1.047998 KN .NORMAL Nc = 0 C B NB = qbs . L = (0.89647) .523999 = 3.

AKIBAT    BEBAN MATI (G) + HORIZONTAL (H) 1.6 KN = AH 80 KN AH = 17.7 H =0 m H-AH =0 H=17.6 KN 3.3m V =0 AV – G =0 AH AV – 80KN = 0 MA AV = 80 KN AV . 6 KN 17.

7 m B C = 136 KNm MA = ( G .7m ) + ( H .7 m KNm - = 80 KN . 1.08 KNm A .08 = 136 + 58. 1. 3.MOMEN MC = 0 KN 136 MB = G .3m ) 194. 1. 1.6 . 3.3m ) - =( 80 .7m ) + ( 17.08 KNm =194.

6 KN 80 80 KN KN QBC = AV = 80 KN + B C 17.6 KN A .LINTANG QAB = AH = 17.6 KN + 17.

NORMAL NC = 0 NB = AV = 80 KN 80 KN NA = NB = 80 KN B C - A AV .

047998 + 80 = 83.Momen    max = MA + MA = 1.3 KNm + 194.38 KNm Lintang max = DB + DBC = 1.523999 + 80 = 81.048 KN .523999 KN 81.08 KNm = 195.524 KN Normal Max = NA + N B = 3.047998 KN 83.

016 m Pada tabel : Ix = 47800 cm4 = 4. 10-4 m4 Iy = 2140 cm4 = 2.468 m 7 6 3 2 0.Inersia 0. 10-4 m4 A = 114.14 .78 .2 cm² = 0.01142 m² .5 m r = 0.016 m 5 4 0.2 m 1 0.02 m 0.01 m 0.

01 m x 0.68.2 .468 m = 4.0406 cm² . 10-3 = 3.016 m L = L1 + L2 + L3 + 4.01142 m² (Terbukti) Luas 3 L3 = P x L = 0.2 . 10-3 m² m² + 4.215)(4) =1. 6. 10-4 m²) L2 = L1 = 3.2 .14/4) (2)² = (0.10-3 m² + 4. Luas 2 (1.0406 . 7 A = (1 – π/4) r² = ( 1 – 3.2 .A = 3. 5.2 m x 0. 10-3 m² Luas 4 . 10-3 m² = 0. 10-3 m² + 3. Pembuktian Luas Penampang WF Luas 1 L1 = L x P Luas Total = 0.68 .

1539 kN/m² .047998/0.047998 kN A = 0.01142 = 7272.01142 m² = 83.Tegangan Normal Dik : N max = 83.

25 m/ 4.38 KNm .78 . 10-4 m4 Y atas = Y bawah = 0. 10 -4 m4 = 102186. 0.78 .Tegangan Lentur Dik : M max = 195.38 kNm Ix = 4.1925 kN/m3 .25 m = 195.

14 . 0.Tegangan Lentur Dik : M max = 195.25 m = 195. 10-4 m4 Y atas = Y bawah = 0. 10 -4 m4 = 228247.6636 kN/m3 .25/ 2.38 kNm .38 KNm Iy = 2140 cm4 = 2.14 .

5 m r = 0. dy3 + A4 .78 . dy2 + A3 .14 .01 m 0.2 m 0. Ix = 4.14 .468 m 0.016 m dI 4 3 2 d2 0.Tegangan Geser Dik : Iy = 2140 cm4 =2. dyI + A2 . 10-4 m4 D max = 81.2 m I 0. 10-4 m4 dy4 Iy =2.523999 KN Q max X = AI .016 m . 10-4 m4 b = 0.02 m 0.

0. 0.01 m 0. dy3 + A4 .234)(0.02 m 0.5 m r = 0. 10 -3 m³ .106055 . dy2 + A3 .016 m Q max = AI .468 m 0. 10 -4 + 2. dy4 = (0.016)(0. 0.2 . 10 -4 + 5.7378 . dyI + A2 .242) + (0.2 m I 0.2780852) = 7.744 .117) + (2) (1.0406 .787509182 .01 . 10 -4 )(0.016 m dI 4 3 2 d2 0. 10 -5 = 1.

2 m . 10 -3 m3 0. m3 1.78 . 10-4kN/m .1550 .106055 .Tegangan Geser (Ix) = 81. 10-4 m4 = 2. 4.523999 kNm .

1.2 m .10-3 m3 0. 2. 10-5kN/m .14 .Tegangan Geser (Iy) = 81.64819 . 10-4 m4 = 9.106055 .523999 kNm .

Tegangan dan inersia berbanding terbalik. sehingga tegangan yang dihasilkan lebih besar. .Penampang yang bagus digunakan adalah karena inersianya lebih kecil.

TERIMA KASIH .