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Compressive

Qualitative Point Load


Strength Rating
Description Strength (MPa)
(MPa)
Exceptionally
> 250 8 15
strong
Very strong 100 - 250 4-8 12
Strong 50 - 100 2-4 7
Average 25 - 50 1-2 4
Use of uniaxial
compressive
Weak 10 - 25 2
strength is
preferred
Very weak 2 - 10 -do- 1
Extremely weak 1-2 -do- 0
Note: At compressive strength less than 0.6 MPa, many rock material
would be regarded as soil
Rock Quality Rock Quality
Rating
Classification Designation (%)

Very Poor 25 3

Poor 25 - 50 8

Fair 50 - 75 13

Good 75 - 90 17

Excellent 90 - 100 20
Spacing of
Description Rating
Discontinuity (m)

Very wide >2 20

Wide 0.6 - 2 15

Moderate 0.2 - 0.6 10

Close 0.06 - 0.2 8

Very close < 0.06 5


Guidelines for Classification of Discontinuity Condition

Parameter Discontinuity Length (Persistence)


Description <1m 1-3m 3 - 10 m 10 - 20 m > 20 m
Rating 6 4 2 1 0
Parameter Separation (Aperture)
Description None < 0.1 mm 0.1 - 1.0 mm 1 - 5 mm > 5 mm
Rating 6 5 4 1 0
Parameter Roughness
Description Very rough Rough Slightly rough Smooth Slickenside
Rating 6 5 3 1 0
Parameter Infilling (Gouge)
Hard filling Soft filling
Description None
< 5 mm > 5 mm < 5 mm > 5 mm
Rating 6 4 2 2 0
Parameter Weathering

Moderately
Description Unweathered Slightly weathered Highly weathered Decomposed
weathered

Rating 6 5 3 1 0
Note: Some conditions are mutually exclusive. For example, if infilling is present, the roughness of the surface will be
overshadowed by th influence of the gouge
Joint water
Inflow per 10 m General
press/Major Rating
tunnel length (l/m) Condition
principal

Completely
None 0 15
dry
OR OR
< 10 < 0.1 Damp 10

10 - 25 0.1 - 0.2 Wet 7

25 - 125 0.2 - 0.5 Dripping 4

> 125 > 0.5 Flowing 0


Criteria Auxiliary Very Very
Type of Failure Favourable Fair Unfavourable
Factor Angles Favourable Unfavourable

P |j-s|
Paralellism

T |j-s-180o| > 30o 30o - 20o 20o - 10o 10o - 5o < 5o

W |j-s|

F1 0.15 0.40 0.70 0.85 1.00

P/T/W |j| < 20o 20o - 30o 30o - 35o 35o - 45o > 45o
Dip of
Joint

F2 0.15 0.40 0.70 0.85 1.00

P |j-s|
Dip Relationship

> 10o 10o - 0o 0o 0o - (-10o) < (-10o)


T |j-s|
W |j+s| < 100o 110o - 120o > 120o - -

F3 0 -6 -25 -50 -60

P = Planar
j = Joint dip direction j = Joint dip
T = Toppling
s = Slope dip direction s = Slope dip
W = Wedge