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CONSTRUCTION PROJECT

MANAGEMENT (ECM566) /

ENGINEERING PROJECT AND


RESOURCES MANAGEMENT(ECM527)
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING (HONS.)
CIVIL
Introduction

Course Information NURUL ELMA KORDI


Engineering Project Malaysia Institute of Transport
Resource Mgt
(MITRANS)
03-5521 1492 / 012-5333 959
What is work?
elma8207@salam.uitm.edu.my
What is Mgt?
nurulelma@yahoo.com
Group & Schedule

Course Information
GROUP LOCATION TIME
Engineering Project Monday (12.00pm-1.00pm)
B1-A7-5/6
EC2206E
B1-A8-3/4 Friday (8.00am-10.00am)
Resource Mgt

What is work?

What is Mgt?
COURSE INFORMATION

Course Information
CODE : ECM527 / ECM566
COURSE : ENGINEERING PROJECT AND
Engineering Project RESOURCES MGT /
CONSTRUCTION PROJECT
Resource Mgt MANAGEMENT
LEVEL : BACHELOR DEGREE
What is work? CH : 3.0
PART : 06 (ECM566) / 08 (ECM527)
What is Mgt? PREREQUISITE : ECM446
COURSE OUTCOME

Course Information CO1 Implement basic management in


the work environment
Engineering Project
CO2 Illustrate how the construction
Resource Mgt industry operates, its products, the
What is work? parties involved and their functions
CO3 Apply the underlying philosophy
What is Mgt?
of the project management
CO4 Adapt the project management
concept
PROGRAMME OUTCOME

This course
Course Information
addresses
these POs:
Engineering Project

Resource
PO6 Mgt
What
PO9is work?

What
PO11is Mgt?
No Topics Week Date Hours
1 Introduction to management concepts Week 1 3 Hours

2 History and current developments Week 2 3 Hours


3 Project management in Malaysia Week 3 3 Hours

4 Project definition Week 4 3 Hours


Course Information
5 Project planning (Introduction) Part 1 Week 5 3 Hours

6 ProjectProject
Engineering planning (Critical Path) Part 2 Week 6 3 Hours

7 Project planning (Precedence Diagram) Part 3 Week 7 3 Hours


Resource Mgt
8 Test (7-11 October 2016) Week 7 2 Hours

9
WhatProject planning (Precedence Diagram + S curve) Part 4
is work? Week 8 3 Hours

10 Crashing Week 9 3 Hours

11What
Application
is Mgt?of CPM, Quality and Communication Planning Week 10 3 Hours

12 Project control Week 11 3 Hours

13 Earned Value Management Week 12 3 Hours

14 Project Closure Week 13 1 Hours

15 Engineering Economic Week 13 2 Hours

16 Roles & Responsibilities of a Project Manager (PM) Week 14 3 Hours

TOTAL 42 Hours
ASSESSMENT

Course Information

Engineering Project
TEST : 30% (1 TEST)
Resource Mgt ASSIGN : 10% (2 ASSIGN)
What is work? FINAL EXAM : 60%

What is Mgt?
REFERENCES

Course Information TEXT BOOK


Project Management Body of
Engineering Project
Knowledge(PMBOK), PMI
Resource Mgt A system approach to planning scheduling and
controlling (Author: Horald Kerzner)
What is work? REFERENCES
International Project Management Journal
What is Mgt?
Journal of Construction Engineering and
Management
The Professional Journal of the Project
Management Institute
GROUND RULES

Course Information

Engineering Project

Resource Mgt

What is work?

What is Mgt?
ENGINEERING

Course Information The American Engineers Council


Engineering Project
for Professional Development has
defined engineering as follows:
Resource Mgt

What is work?
The creative application of scientific principles to design or
develop structures, machines, apparatus, or manufacturing
What is Mgt? processes, or works utilizing them singly or in combination; or
to construct or operate the same with full cognizance of their
design; or to forecast their behavior under specific operating
conditions; all as respects an intended function, economics of
operation and safety to life and property.

12
PROJECT

Course Information PMBOK GUIDE:


Engineering Project

Resource Mgt Project, as defined in the field of project management,


consists of a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a
What is work? product or service.

What is Mgt?

13
RESOURCES

Course Information American Heritage Dictionary


Engineering Project
Something that can be used for
Resource Mgt
support or help
What is work? The total means available for economic and
political development, such as mineral wealth, labor
force, and armaments.
What is Mgt? The total means available to a company for
increasing production or profit, including plant,
labor, and raw material; assets.

14
MANAGEMENT

Course Information Management in business and


Engineering Project human organization activity, in
simple terms means the act of
Resource Mgt
getting people together to
What is work?
accomplish desired goals
What is Mgt?

15
Todays Lesson

INTRODUCTION TO MANAGEMENT
CONCEPTS

16
Learning Outcomes

Course Information At the conclusion of this lesson, the YOU


should be able to:
Engineering Project Acquire and apply management concept in the
work environment
Resource Mgt
Utilize the system approach to develop basic and
What is work? comprehensive project plans
Develop and implement effective project
What is Mgt? monitoring and control system in work
environment
Understand the activities to be carried out and
undertake problem identification and solution
during project closing

17
WHAT IS WORK?

Course Information

Engineering Project Work (in management) is an


Resource Mgt activity that produces value for
What is work? other people
What is Mgt?

The need for work to be done well enough that people, organizations, and society as a
whole may prosper is what makes the study of managers and management so
meaningful.

18
WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?

Course Information

Engineering Project
Management is the process of
Resource Mgt
planning, leading, and
controlling the use of resources
What is work?
to accomplish performance goals
What is Mgt?

Henry Mintzberg (management theorist) It is the manager who determines whether our social
institutions serve us well or whether they squander our talents and resources

19
Course Information Management is an important
Engineering Project element in every organization.
Coordinates currents
Resource Mgt
organizational activities and plans
What is work?
for the future
What is Mgt? Management environment
shapes the organization
DEFINITION
Management (Taylor) -
Course Information
Knowing what you want to do do it in
Engineering Project
the best and cheapest way
Resource Mgt Management (Terry) -
What is work? Process consisting of planning,
organizing, actuating and controlling by
What is Mgt?
using people and resources
Management (Follet)
The art of getting things done through
people
Advantages of Using Formal
Project Management

Course Information
Better control of financial, physical,
and human resources
Engineering Project Improved customer relations
Resource Mgt Shorter development times
Lower costs
What is work?
Higher quality and increased reliability
What is Mgt? Higher profit margins
Improved productivity
Better internal coordination
Higher worker morale (less stress)

22
WHAT IS MANAGER?

Course Information

Engineering Project A manager is a person in an


Resource Mgt
organization who is responsible
What is work?
for the work performance of
one or more other persons
What is Mgt?

Managers serve in positions with wide variety of titles, such as supervisor, team leader, division
head, administrator, vice president and so on. Managers are persons to whom others report

24
WHAT IS A MANAGER?

Course Information Someone whose primary


Engineering Project
responsibility is to carry out the
management process
Resource Mgt
Someone who plans and makes
What is work?
decisions, organizes, leads, and
What is Mgt? controls human, financial, physical,
and information resources

[Griffin, 2003]
25
WHAT IS MANAGERS JOB?

Course Information
The Managers job can be broadly
Engineering Project
defined as deciding what should
Resource Mgt be done and getting other people
What is work?
to do it.
What is Mgt? [Rosemary Stewart quoted in Mullins 1999]

26
ensuring the
ensuring the well-being
development,
defining clear goals and and progress of the
performance, and
courses of action personnel in their
conduct of each
groups;
employee

displaying proper
fostering good working displaying integrity in all attitude and behavior,
relationships; actions; job knowledge, and
effective communication
WHAT DO MANAGERS DO?

Course Information Effective managers utilize


Engineering Project organizational resources in ways
that result in the following:
Resource Mgt
High performance outcomes
What is work? Performance effectiveness
Performance efficiency
What is Mgt? High levels of satisfaction among people doing
the work
Quality of work life

Performance effectiveness output measure of task or goal accomplishment


Performance efficiency a measure of the resource cost associated with goal accomplishment

28
What Do We Mean By

Course Information Effectiveness?


The degree to which goals are achieved
Engineering Project
Making the right decisions and successfully
implementing them
Resource Mgt
Doing the right things in the right way at the
right times
What is work?
Efficiency?
What is Mgt? Using minimal resources to produce the desired
volume of output
Using resources wisely and in a cost-effective way
Operating in such a way that resources are not
wasted

29
Performance Effectiveness and Performance
Efficiency

Course Information Effective but not Effective and efficient:


High efficient: Goals achieved and
Engineering Project Some resources wasted resources well utilized;
area of high
Resource Mgt Goal performance
attainment
Neither effective nor Efficient but not
What is work?
efficient: effective:
Poor Goals not achieved; No wasted resources,
What is Mgt?
resources wasted in the but goals not achieved
process

Poor Good

Resource Utilization
30
A high quality of work life offers
such things as

Course Information Adequate and fair pay for a job well


done
Engineering Project
Safe and healthy working conditions
Resource Mgt
Opportunity to learn and use new skills
What is work? Room to grow and progress in a career
What is Mgt? Protection of individual rights
Pride in the work itself and the
organization

31
Key Concepts of Management

Course Information The four functions of management


Engineering Project
Planning
Organizing
Resource Mgt Leading
What is work? Controlling
Sometimes a fifth is added:
What is Mgt? Staffing
Attainment of organizational goals in
an effective & efficient manner

33
Four Functions Defined

Course Information Planning


Setting an organizations goals and selecting a
Engineering Project
course of action from a set of alternatives to
achieve them [Griffin 2003]
Resource Mgt
Deciding in advance what to do, how to do it,
What is work? when to do it, and who is to do it
Organizing
What is Mgt? Determining how activities and resources are
grouped [Griffin 2003]
Determining the composition of work groups and
the way in which work and activities are to be
coordinated

34
Four Functions Defined

Course Information Leading


Engineering Project The set of processes used to get
organizational members to work
Resource Mgt
together to advance the interests of
What is work? the organization [Griffin 2003]
Motivating and communicating with
What is Mgt?
the organizations human resources
to ensure goals are attained

35
Four Functions Defined

Course Information Controlling


Engineering Project
Monitoring organizational progress
towards goals [Griffin 2003]
Resource Mgt The process of comparing results and
What is work? expectations and making the
appropriate changes
What is Mgt?
And the fifth one: Staffing
The recruitment, selection, assignment,
training, development, evaluation and
compensation of staff
36
M A N AG E M E N T P RO C ES S

P PLANNING
process of establishing goals and a suitable course
of action for achieving those goals.

O
ORGANIZING
STAFFING

L Recruit,selection,training,development
,evaluation and compensation of staff
process of engaging two or more people in
working together in a structured way to
achieve a specific goal or set of goals.

C CONTROLLING LEADING
process of ensuring that actual process of directing and influencing the
activities conform to the planned task-related activities of group members
activities and involves motivating them to perform
S essential tasks and reach goals.
Management Levels (typical)

/CIO

CTO

SOURCE: Adapted from Thomas V. Bonoma and Joseph C. Lawler, Chutes and Ladders: Growing the General Manager, Sloan Management Review (Spring 1989), 27-37.
38
DEFINITION FOR MANAGEMENT
LEVEL
Top (or Senior) Managers
Course Information
usually form a team
manage the organizations overall goals, strategy, and
Engineering Project operating policies
responsible for the entire enterprise
Resource Mgt
Middle Managers
What is work? work in the middle levels of the organization
responsible for sections or departments
What is Mgt? supervise and coordinate the activities of
first-line managers

First line Managers


directly responsible for day-to-day operations
supervise and coordinate the activities of operating employees
MANAGEMENT SKILL

Course Information Management skills required


Engineering Project by management levels
Resource Mgt Top
TopManagers
Managers
Middle
MiddleManagers
Managers Conceptual People Technical
What is work? First-Line
First-LineManagers
Managers skill skill skill
Non-managers
Non-managers
What is Mgt? (Personnel)
(Personnel)

Ability to
Ability to think , to Skill necessary to
communicate with
integrate and to accomplish the
understand and
give direction so specific kind of
motivate both
that objectives are work in an
individuals and
achieved organization
groups
Managers by Area

Course Information
Marketing Managers
Work in areas related to getting consumers and
Engineering Project
clients to buy the organizations products or
services
Resource Mgt
Financial Managers
Deal primarily with an organizations financial
What is work? resources
Operations Managers
Concerned with creating and managing the
What is Mgt?
systems that create organizations products and
services
May be IT managers in IT businesses (but even
then are primarily focused on production)
[Griffin 2003]

41
Manager by Area

Course Information
Human Resource Managers
Human resource planning, recruiting and
Engineering Project
selection, training and development, designing
compensation and benefit systems, formulating
performance appraisal systems
Resource Mgt Administrative Managers
Generalists familiar with all functional areas of
What is work? management and who are not associated with
any particular management specialty
What is Mgt? Other Kinds of Managers
Specialized managerial positions directly
related to the needs of the organization
May include IT management
[Griffin 2003]

42
Term to study: RELATIONSHIP
MANAGEMENT VS
- Work: An activity that can produces
WORK value for other people
- Management: The process of planning, leading, &
PERFORMANCE
Decrease Profit Increase Profit
Coursecontrolling
Information use of resources to done goals.

Engineering Project
Planning
Resource Mgt

Good Social With


What is work?
Decrease Controlling Organizing Collengues
Reputation
What is Mgt?

Staffing Leading

Stress Self Achieve Goal


Fundamental Management Skills

Course Information
Technical
Skills necessary to accomplish or understand
Engineering Project the specific kind of work being done in an
organization
Resource Mgt Interpersonal
Ability to communicate with, understand, and
What is work? motivate both individuals and groups
Conceptual
What is Mgt? Ability to think in the abstract and to see the
organization as a complete unit and to
integrate and give direction to its diverse
activities so that objectives are achieve
[Griffin 2003]

46
Fundamental Management Skills

Course Information
Diagnostic
Ability to visualize the most appropriate
Engineering Project response to a situation
Communication
Resource Mgt Abilities both to convey ideas and information
effectively to others and to receive ideas and
What is work? information effectively from others
Decision-Making
What is Mgt? Ability to recognize and define problems and
opportunities correctly and then to select an
appropriate course of action to solve the
problems and capitalize on opportunities
[Griffin 2003]

47
Fundamental Management Skills

Course Information Time-Management


Ability to prioritize work, to work efficiently,
Engineering Project
and to delegate appropriately
Resource Mgt [Griffin 2003]

What is work?

What is Mgt?

48
Todays assignment

Course Information Search PTAR online for the


Engineering Project following books:
Project Management
Resource Mgt
Past Year Exam Paper 2014 - 2016
What is work?

What is Mgt? Do the Entrance Survey on i-Learn.


(COMPULSORY)
Course Information

Engineering Project

Resource Mgt
Thank You
What is work?

What is Mgt? See you next week In Sha Allah