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OLEH

MOZAIMI BIN MOHAMAD


UNIT PENGURUSAN & PEMBANGUNAN KEMANUSIAAN
PEJABAT PENDIDIKAN DAERAH
MELAKA TENGAH
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Beberapa orang tidak boleh mencapai
kecemerlangan kerana latarbelakang, pendidikan
dll.
Sebenarnya, setiap orang dapat mencapai
kejayaan. Ini hanya bagaimana mereka
menginginkannya, kemudian melakukan
sesuatu untuk mencapainya. Jadi semua orang
berupaya menikmati kecemerlangan.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Orang yang cemerlang tidak melakukan
kesalahan.
Sebenarnya, orang-orang yang cemerlang

itu memang melakukan kesalahan


sebagaimana kita semua pernah lakukan.
Namun mereka tidak melakukan
kesalahan itu untuk kali keduanya.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Agar cemerlang, kita harus bekerja lebih
dari 60 jam ( 70, 80, 90, ) seminggu.
Sebenarnya, persoalannya terletak pada

lamanya anda bekerja. Tetapi bagaimana


anda dapat melakukan sesuatu yang
benar. Orang yang cemerlang
menguruskan masa mereka dengan
cekap.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Anda hanya boleh cemerlang bila bermain
sesuatu dengan peraturan.
Sebenarnya siapa yang membuat

peraturan itu? Setiap situasi memerlukan


cara yang berbeza. Kadang-kadang kita
harus mengikuti peraturan, tetapi dimasa
lain andalah yang membuat peraturan itu.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Jika anda selalu meminta bantuan, anda
tidak cemerlang.
Sebenarnya, cemerlang jarang sekali

terjadi di masa-masa vakum. Justru,


dengan mengakui dan menghargai
bantuan orang lain dapat membantu
kejayaan anda. Dan sesungguhnya ada
ramai sekali orang seperti itu.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Cemerlang bergantung kepada nasib dan
peluang.
Sebenarnya, hanya diperlu sedikit nasib

dan peluang. Namun diperlukan banyak


kerja kuat, kecerdasan, pengentahuan,
kehendak, ilmu dan penghayatan.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Cemerlang apabila anda mendapat banyak
wang.
Sebenarnya, wang hanya satu saja

daripada begitu banyak keuntungan yang


diberikan oleh kecemerlangan. Wang
bukan jaminan kecemerlangan anda.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Cemerlang ialah apabila semua orang
mengakuinya.
Sebenarnya, anda mungkin lebih banyak

mencapai kecemerlangan dan pengakuan


daripada orang lain atas apa yang anda
lakukan. Tetapi meskipun hanya anda
sendiri yang mengetahuinya, anda
tetaplah cemerlang.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Cemerlang adalah tujuan.
Sebenarnya, cemerlang lebih dari sekadar
anda boleh mencapai tujuan dan
matlamat anda. Katakan bahawa anda
menginginkan kejayaan, maka ajukan
pertanyaan atas hal apa ?.
Kecemerlangan adalah cara hidup anda.
10 KESALAHFAHAMAN
TENTANG CEMERLANG
Saya cemerlang apabila kesukaran dan masalah
saya berakhir.
Sebenarnya, anda mungkin cemerlang tetapi

anda bukan Tuhan. Anda tetap harus melalui


jalan yang naik turun sebagaimana yang anda
alami di masa-masa lalu. Nikmati apa sahaja
yang telah anda raih dan hidupkan setiiap hari
sebagaimana adanya.
Mempertingkatkan
Harga Diri.
Kesedaran diri
Penerimaan diri
Tanggungjawab diri
Mengambil tindakan
Pemantauan kemajuan
Mempertingkatkan
Harga Diri
Mengenali diri anda
Kesedaran Diri yang sebenarnya
Penerimaan Diri Membebaskan diri

Tanggungjawab Diri anda dengan belenggu


kepercayaan yang
Mengambil Tindakan salah
Pemantauan Kemajuan Memikirkan arah tuju
hidup anda
Mempertingkatkan
Harga Diri
Menghormati diri anda
Kesedaran Diri Menerima diri anda
Penerimaan Diri tanpa syarat
Tanggungjawab Diri Terima diri seadanya

Mengambil Tindakan jangan bandingkan diri

Pemantauan Kemajuan dengan orang lain


Mempertingkatkan
Harga Diri
Mengatur kehidupan
Kesedaran Diri anda
Penerimaan Diri menyediakan

Tanggungjawab Diri penyataan misi


peribadi dan matlamat
Mengambil Tindakan hidup
Pemantauan Kemajuan merangka plan
tindakan anda
Mempertingkatkan
Harga Diri
Melaksanakan plan
Kesedaran Diri tindakan anda
Penerimaan Diri mengurus masa

Tanggungjawab Diri dengan jayanya


mengekalkan disiplin
Mengambil Tindakan
diri
Pemantauan Kemajuan
mengekalkan
ketabahan
Mempertingkatkan
Harga Diri
Memantau semula
Kesedaran Diri kemajuan terhadap
Penerimaan Diri pencapaian matlamat-
matlamat anda
Tanggungjawab Diri
mengambil tindakan
Mengambil Tindakan pembetulan
Pemantauan Kemajuan
What we can expect from
improving our self-esteem.
Our feeling about ourselves
Our interaction with the world
Our relationships
Improving self-esteem sets
The stage for positive change
Are Likely To Expect To Be Evaluate Their
Think Well of Accepted Own Performance
Other By Others. More Favorably

Performs Well Work Harder For


When Being Person With People Who
Watched / Nor Positive Self-Esteem Demand High
Afraid of Other Standard of
Watching Performance

Are Able To Difend


Are Inclined To
Themselve Againts
Feel Comfortable
Negative Comment
With Others They
Of Others
View As Superior
In Some Way
Are Likely To Expect To Be Evaluate Their
Disapprove Rejected Own Performance
Of Other By Others Less Favorably

Performs Pooly
When Being Work Harder For
Person With Under Demanding
Watched Are
Negative Self-Esteem Less Critical
Sensitive To
Posible -ve People
Reaction

Have Difficulty
Feel Treatened
Defending Themselves
By People They
Against Others Negative
View As Superior
Comments Are More
In Some Way
Easily Influenmced
The winners vs losers
The winner is part of the answer;
The loser is a always a part of the problem.
The winner always has a plan;
The loser always has an excuse.
The winner says let me do it for you;
The losser say thats not my jobs.
The winner sees an answer in every problem;
The losser sees a problem in every answer.
The winner sees a green near every sandtrap;
The losses sees a sandtrap near every green.
The winner say it may be difficult but its possible;
The losser says its may be possible, but its difficult.
HOW TO STUDY ?
Step 1 : Where do I Study ?
Step 2 : How comfortable do I want to be
when I study ?
Step 3 : How do I get settled enough to
begin work ?
Step 4 : It sure is hard to concentrate !
Step 5 : What if I just procrastinate a lot ?
TIME MANAGEMENT:
Being aware of how you use time will help
you to study more effectively and be more
efficient.
Define your priorities.

Study time

Assignment calendar

Managing assigments
TIME MANAGEMENT:

Working on assignments
Motivation

Make use of free time during the day

Be consistent
TEST PREPARATION:
When you have a test to make, it can be
difficult to know how to prepare for the test.
People have very different ways of
studying, and these may vary for each
subject. Here are some general tips that can
help you find your own best way to study.
TEST PREPARATION:
Make time to study.
Keep up with assignments.
Find a study group.
Write down key topics.
Condense your notes.
Practice problem solving
Make practice essay questions
Do sample questions
IMPROVING
CONCENTRATION
REDUCE EXTERNAL DISTRACTION:-

Find a good place to work


Minimize visual distractions

Elimanate noise without vocal music.

Use appropriate lighting


IMPROVING
CONCENTRATION
DISCOURAGE INTERNAL
DISTRACTIONS:-

Keep your calendar or to do list nearby


as you study
Use a concentration scoresheet
IMPROVING
CONCENTRATION
FIGHT FATIGUE:-

Take regular study breaks.


Find your prime time.

Get your sleep a night


IMPROVING
CONCENTRATION
BUILT A STRONG INTEREST:

Think about why you want to learn about


given subject.
Form study group.

Find a tutor / alternate textbook


IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
Forgetting is a natural process, with the
greatest losses occurring within the first
24 hours of learning. After one day you
will forget 46% of what you read, 79% after
14 days, and 81% after 28 days. Clearly, it
is essential to review readings and lecture
notes within one or two days of initial
exposure, with brief additional reviews
interspersed in later weeks.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
PAY ATTENTION AND INTEND TO
REMEMBER:-
Which are you more likely to remember, the name of
a coworker or your boss? We remember when we
decide to remember and when we have a
reason/motivation.
1. Eliminate distractions while reading/studying.
2. Develop a strong motivation; think of a reason why
you want to learn this.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
ANALYZE HOW TO REMEMBER EACH FACT &
CONCEPT AS YOU ENCOUNTER IT.
1. Decide whether you will emphasize
concepts, memory devices, visualization, or
reciting.
2. Relate new material to facts and concepts
you already know.
3. To memorize terminology, think about
familiar parts of the words or study the Greek
and Latin roots.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
INTERPRET/UNDERSTAND THE
MATERIAL.
1. To improve your long-term memory and to
perform better on complex test questions,
focus on understanding the basic ideas rather
than simply memorizing isolated facts.
2. Explain concepts to family members and
study partners. This "teaching" will help you
deepen your own understanding.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
ORGANIZE THE MATERIAL:
1.Use "advanced organizers" obtained by
prior knowledge or scanning to organize the
new information.
2. During review, organize your notes by
writing questions or headings in the left
margin.
3. The human brain appears to be able to hold
only seven chunks of information in immediate
memory, so breaking up material into
categories will help you remember.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
VISUALIZE THE MATERIAL:
Half of the brain thinks in words and the other
half in pictures; use both parts of your brain.
1. Study pictures, diagrams, and charts in
your text and develop your own.
2. Visualize information. For example, to
remember the date of Lincoln's birth, visualize
a log cabin with 1809 carved above the door.
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
RECITE WHAT YOU'VE LEARNED:
Recite for these reasons: it increases your level of
attention, it creates a stronger neural trace of
memory by utilizing more senses, it provides
immediate feedback for your studying and thereby
increases your motivation.
1. Recite as you read, as you review your class
notes, and as you study.
2. For material which you need to remember in some
detail, reciting should take up 60%-80% of your study
time (relative to reading).
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
REVIEW SOON AND IN SMALL, FREQUENT
"DOSES:
While longer study sessions are effective for writing
or for creative projects, most study is best done in
short sessions with breaks (for example, study for 50
minutes and take a break for 10).
1. Review your lecture notes immediately (that day or
the next).
2. As you walk to your next class, recall the main
points of the lecture you just attended
IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY
USE MEMORY DEVICES SUCH AS
ASSOCIATIONS AND MNEMONICS:
1. Use word mnemonics

2. Use sentence mnemonics

3. Use mnemonics for spelling and for keeping

terminology straight:
4. To improve memory, add humor and an "off
color" element to your memory device.
TIP MENGULANGKAJI
MENJELANG PEPERIKSAAN:

LANGKAH A : ANALISIS TOPIK


LANGKAH B : MENCARI MAKLUMAT
LANGKAH C : MENGULANGKAJI
LANGKAH D : PERANCANGAN
STRATEGIK BELAJAR.
LANGKAH A :
ANALISIS TOPIK
Senarai topik rujuk sinopsis kursus.
Kumpulan belajar peranan.
Analisis:-
Penguasaan Senang
Pencapaian Peluang
Perbandingan
LANGKAH B : MENCARI
MAKLUMAT.

Buku rujukan, pensyarah, tutor, nota, rakan.


Faham semua walaupun tidak penting.
Nota peta minda
Pembelajaran berkumpulan berkesan.
LANGKAH C :
MENGULANGKAJI.
Mentelaah nota.
Out put learning.
Jawab soalan.

Kenali format soalan vs jawapan.

Semak jawapan.

Rakan sepembelajaran.
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran
Menyediakan Jadual Perancangan Masa
Strategik.
Menyediakan Nota Belajar Dalam Bentuk
Peta Minda.
Menyediakan Lembaran Analisis Keperluan
Kendiri.
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
Pembinaan Matlamat Pembelajaran:-
S

T
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
Menyediakan Jadual Waktu Perancangan
Masa Strategik.
Ruang masa, pelajaran, topik.

Waktu JITU pembelajaran.

Masa tepat minit terdekat.

Pelbagai aktiviti pembelajaran.

Mentelaah Kumpulan.
PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
Menyediakan Nota Belajar Dalam Bentok
Peta Minda
Gambaran menyeluruh topik.

Membantu faham, ingat.

Kemaskini mudah.

Ulangan kumpulan tengok.

Fakta, huraian, gambar dll


PERANCANGAN STRATEGIK
BELAJAR:-
Menyedaikan Lembaran Analisis Keperluan
Kendiri.
Pencapaian.

Kekuatan.

Kelemahan

Tindakan
Test Preparation
Make Time to Study
Keep Up With Assignments
Find a Study Group
Write Down Key Topics
Condense Your Notes
Practice Problem Solving
Make Practice Essay Questions
Do Sample Questions
Emergency test preparation

A structured approach to cramming


Preview material to be covered

Be selective: skim chapters for main


points
Concentrate on the main points
Emergency test preparation
Begin with 5 sheets of paper:
1. Identify 5 key concepts or topics that will be
covered on the test
2. In your own words, write an explanation,
definition, answer, etc
3. Compare your response of (2)
4. Edit or re-write your understanding
5. Sequence and number each page of your topics
Emergency test preparation
6. Follow the above process for two additional
concepts
7. Place them in the 1 - 5 sequence and change
numbering to 1 - 7
8. Follow the above process for one or two more
concepts
9. Try not to exceed nine concepts;
focus on the most important
10. Review the day of the test, but try to relax
just before exam
TEST ANXIETY
BEFORE THE EXAM:
Put things in perspective .

Over-study for the exam

Remind yourself of past successes.

Don't give a test the power to define you


education
Visualize completing the test successfully
despite your anxiety. .
Practice anxiety control strategies.
TEST ANXIETY
DURING THE EXAM
Try to avoid talking with other students
right before the exam.
Choose a seat in a place with few distractions

Remind yourself of how hard you studied,


how well you did on another exam, and how
you've practiced anxiety control.
Do not obsess about running out of time on
the test.
Approach your studying seriously, but think
of the test as a game.
MARK TWAIN

The secret of getting ahead is


getting started. The secret of
getting started is breaking you
complex overwhelming tasks
into smal manageable tasks, and
then starting on the first one.
JUARA
Jika anda mahu dapat
keputusan sebagaimana
juara dapat, pertama sekali
anda mesti berfikir seperti
juara.
ANTON CHEKHOV
(1860-1904)

MANUSIA IALAH
APA YANG DIA
PERCAYA.
APABILA ANDA MENGUBAH
PEMIKIRAN ANDA !
Anda mengubah kepercayaan anda.
Apabila anda mengubah kepercayaan anda.
Anda mengubah jangkaan anda.
Apabila anda mengubah jangkaan anda.
Anda mengubah sikap anda.
Apabila anda mengubah sikap anda.
Anda mengubah tabiat anda.
Apabila anda mengubah tabiat anda.
Anda mengubah prestasi anda.
Apabila anda mengubah prestasi anda
Norman Vincent Peale.

UBAHLAH PEMIKIRAN
ANDA, MAKA ANDA
AKAN MENGUBAH
DUNIA ANDA..
Benedict Spinoza(1632-77)
Selagi seseorang itu
mengimaginasikan bahawa dia tidak
boleh melakukannya, selagi dia
menentukan tidak melakukannya,
maka akibatnya mustahil baginya
untuk melakukannya.
BUKANLAH ILMU ITU DENGAN
MEMBANYAKKAN RIWAYAT TETAPI
ILMU ITU IALAH CAHAYA YANG
ALLAH LETAK DALAM HATI.
IMAM MALIK