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To calculate dead load we need volume and density of the structural element
Example 1
Size of the beam is 23 X 30 cm. Length of the beam is 5.0mt.

length 5.0 MT
Width .23 MT.
Depth .30 MT.
Volume .23 X .30 X 5.0 .345 cm3
Density of R.C.C. 2400 kg/cm3
Beam
Example 2
Size of the beam is 30 cm. diameter round pipe 6mm thick
Length of the beam is 5.0mt.

length 5.0 MT
Diameter .30 MT.
thickness .006 MT.
Area of hollow pipe 3.14 X(.15X .15
-.144 X .144)=
.00545

## Volume 5.0 X Area .027 cm3

Density of steel 7850 kg/cm3
Beam
Example 3
Size of the Slab is 3.0mt by 5.0 mt., Thick ness is 12 cm.

length 5.0 MT
width 3.0 MT.
thickness .12 MT.
Volume 5.0 X 3.0 X .12 1.8 cm3
Density of R.C.C. 2400 kg/cm3
slab
Let us calculate the Live load on structure

## Live load is as per the usage of the building.

Example 4
Calculate the live load of a R.C.C. slab
Size of the Slab is 3.0mt by 5.0 mt., Thickness is 12 cm.

## Calculate the live load on slab for residential building.

length 5.0 MT
width 3.0 MT.
Area 5.0 X 3.0 15 SMT
Live load for 200 kg/ SMT
residential building
Live load 15 X 200 3000 kg
Example 5
Calculate the live load of a R.C.C. slab
Size of the Slab is 3.0mt by 5.0 mt., Thickness is 12 cm.

## Calculate the live load on slab for school building.

length 5.0 MT
width 3.0 MT.
Area 5.0 X 3.0 15 SMT
Live load for 300 kg/ SMT
residential building
Live load 15 X 300 4500 kg
Spanning systems of R.C.C. Slab
One-way slabs
One way slabs are spanning in one direction, Suitable for 1.8 to 5.0 MT.
One way slabs are supported by concrete beams or load bearing walls
In short direction
Twoway slabs
Two way slabs are spanning in two direction,
Suitable for medium spans and heavy loads

## it should be transferred in one way slab

to adjoining longer side of wall or beam half half

## it should be transferred in two way slab

on all four sides of wall or beam.