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Early education

In Calamba and Bian

The heros first teacher
The first teacher of Rizal was his mother, who
was remarkable woman of good character and
fine culture
At the age of 3, Rizal learned the alphabet from
his mother.
Doa Teodora was patient, conscientious, and
understanding. It was she who first discovered
that her son had a talent for poetry.
At the age of 8, Rizal wrote a Tagalog poem, "Sa
Aking Mga Kabata," the theme of which
revolves on the love of ones language.
Sa Aking Mga Kabata
Kapagka ang baya'y sadyang umiibig Ang wikang Tagalog tulad din sa Latin
Sa kanyang salitang kaloob ng langit, Sa Ingles, Kastila at salitang anghel,
Sanglang kalayaan nasa ring masapit Sapagka't ang Poong maalam
Katulad ng ibong nasa himpapawid. tumingin
Ang siyang naggawad, nagbigay sa
Pagka't ang salita'y isang kahatulan atin.
Sa bayan, sa nayo't mga kaharian,
At ang isang tao'y katulad, kabagay Ang salita nati'y huwad din sa iba
Ng alin mang likha noong kalayaan. Na may alfabeto at sariling letra,
Na kaya nawala'y dinatnan ng sigwa
Ang hindi magmahal sa kanyang salita Ang lunday sa lawa noong dakong
Mahigit sa hayop at malansang isda, una.
Kaya ang marapat pagyamaning kusa
Na tulad sa inang tunay na nagpala.
Rizals parents employed private tutors to give
him lessons at home. The first was Maestro
Celestino and the second, Maestro Lucas Padua
Later, an old man named Leon Monroy, a former
classmate of Rizals father became his tutor. This
teacher lived at the Rizal home and instructed
Rizal in Spanish and Latin. Unfortunately, he did
not live long. He died five months later.
After Monroys death, Rizals parents decided to
send their gifted son to a private school in Bian
Jose goes to Bian
Jose goes to Bian
One Sunday afternoon in June , 1869 Jose left Calamba
for Bian. He was accompanied by Paciano , who acted
as his second father.
Carromata transportation
Lodge in his aunts house.
with his cousin named Leandro, went sightseeing in the
town. Instead of enjoying the sights, Jose became
depressed because of homesickness.
First Day in Bian School
Paciano brought his younger brother to the
school of Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz.
Rizal met the bully, Pedro. Challenged Pedro
to a fight, who was angry at this bully for
making fun of him during his conversation
with the teacher.
A classmate named Andres Salandanan
challenged him to an arm-wrestling match..
Painting lesson in Bian
Painting lesson in Bian
Juancho-an old painter who was the father-in-law of the
school teacher; freely give Rizal lessons in drawing and
Jose Guevara- Rizals classmate who also loved
painting, became apprentices of the old painter
Daily life in Bian
Best Student in School
In academic studies, Rizal beat all Binan
boys. He surpassed them all in Spanish,
Latin, and other subjects.
They were all jealous of his intellectual
superiority that they wickedly squealed to
the teacher whenever Rizal had a fight
outside the school.
End of Bian Schooling
Christmas in 1870-Rizal received a letter from
his sister Saturnina, informing him of the arrival
of the steamer Talim which would take him
from Bian to Calamba
Saturday afternoon, December 17, 1870- Rizal
left Bian after one year and a half of schooling
Arturo Camps- a Frenchman friend of Rizals
father who took care of him on board
Martyrdom of Gomburza
Martyrdom of Gomburza
Accordingly, Gomburza despite of the archbishop plea
for clemency because of their innocence, were
executed at sunrise, February 17, 1872
The martyrdom was deeply mourned by the Rizal
Paciano engraged by the execution of Burgos, quit his
studies and returned to Calamba
Paciano told the heroic story of Burgos to his younger
brother Jose.
Jose was then nearly eleven years old.
The martyrdom of Gomburza in 1872 truly
inspired Rizal to fight evils of Spanish tyranny
and redeem his oppresed people.
And later in 1891, he dedicated his second
novel, El filibusterismo, to Gomburza
Injustice to heros mother
June of 1872 was suddenly arrested on a malicious
Jose Alberto, teodoras brother
Spanish lieutenant of the guardia civil.
After arresting Donya teodora, she os force to walk
from Calamba to Santa Cruz. (50 kilometers)
Donya Teodora languished fo2 two and a half years.
Until the Manila Royal Audencia (supreme court)
acquitted her to alleged crime.
Rizal said to his student memoirs
Our mother was unjustly snatched away from us
and by whom? By some men who had been our
friends and whom we treated as honored guests. We
learned later that our mother got sick, far from us
and at an advanced age. My mother was defended
by Messrs. Francisco de Marcaida and Manuel
Marzan, the most famous lawyers in manila. She
finally succeeded to be acquitted and vendicated in
the eyes of her judges, accusers, and even her
enemies, but after how long? After two and a half

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