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How to Assess Waterflood Performance

Definition of Incremental Oil...

EOR Operation
A
Oil Production Rate

Incremental EOR D
B

Time
Incremental Oil Recovery (IOR)
Oil (HC) produced in excess of
existing operations

Difficulties.
Comingled production
Oil from outside project
Inaccurate decline estimates

IOR
IOR recovery efficiency = 100
OOIP
Decline Curve Analysis
1 dq
Decline rate: a []time1
q dt
t
Cumulative
oil produced:
Np q()d
0

Sometimes called Arps equations


Special
case of logistics equation
See also work of Fetkovich
Decline Curve Analysis
q b
Decline rate: a a i
qi

0 Exponential
Decline rate
b 0 b 1 Hyperbolic
types:
1
Harmonic


Decline Curve Analysis

Exponential decline:
at
q qi e Rate-time

q qi aNp Rate-cumulative

Rate-Time...
Rate-Cumulative...
Accelerated Production...
Increased Mobile Oil...

SACROC 4 Pattern...
6

Oil Rate

CO2 Injection Start


4
kBOPD

0
6 8 10 12 14 16 18
Cumulativ e Production, mbo
Arrested Decline...

100 20

80 16
Oil Cut

Oil Cut, %
Oil, MB/D

60 12

P r oject Oil
40 8

20
E OR (Includes 4
WF incr ease)
Water flood Decline
0 0
1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
Exercise
Work the Incremental Oil Exercise A given the
data in the Excel worksheet and the problem
prompt