Anda di halaman 1dari 17

PERT - The Program Evaluation and

Review Technique
Methods and techniques of MBP
PERT

Definition:
The Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)

a technique (mean) that analyzes all tasks involved in completing


a given project,

especially to analyze the time needed to complete each task,


and identifying the minimum time needed to complete the total
project (the critical path).

PERT was developed in the 1950s, primarily to simplify the


planning and scheduling of large and complex projects.
http://en.wikipedia.org
PERT

Definition:
An arrow-node diagram a task network for a project made
with arrows and small circles.

A precedence diagram a task network for a project made with


boxes and realtionship lines.

http://en.wikipedia.org
PERT

Nomenclature (key terms):


event - end point that represents the completion of major
activity
The event
number
4
2 5 The latest possible

3 finish time of the event

The earliest possible


start time of the event

The slack time


PERT

Nomenclature (key terms):

Activity time required to progress


from one event to another

Critical Activity activity with zero


slack time

Links neither time nor activity


relationship
PERT

Nomenclature (key terms):


0 events - end points that represent the completion of
0 0
0 major activities
activities - time or resources required to progress from
one event to another
4 slack time - amount of time an activity can be delayed
2 5
3 without delaying the entire project
critical path - the most time-consuming sequence of events
and activities in a PERT network
delays on critical path will delay completion of the entire
project (zero slack time)
Prentice Hall, 2002
PERT

Nomenclature (key terms):


milestone a strategic event that end certain group of
activities

9
14 14
7 0
14 14 8
0 14 14
4 5 0
14 14 14 14
0 0
6 10
14 14 14 14
0 0
PERT - methodology

Procedure step-by-step:
Step 1: Create a table activity / duration
Step 2: Name events accordingly to the table
Step 3: Link all the events with planned activities
Step 4: Add duration time for each activity
Step 5: Enter The earliest possible start time for every event
Step 6: Enter the latest possible finish time for every event
Step 7: Evaluate the slack time for every event
Step 8: Underline (in red) the critical path of the entire project
Step 9: Select milestones for the project
PERT - methodology

Step 1: Create a table activity / duration


Activity: Duration:
A. Activity a 2
B. Activity b 4
C. Activity c 4
D. Activity d 3
E. Activity e 5
F. Activity f 3
G. Activity g 2
H. Activity h 4
I. Activity i 2
J. Activity j 3
PERT - methodology

Step 2: name events accordingly to the table

0 1 2 3

4 5 6 7

8 9 10
PERT - methodology

Step 3: Link all the events with planned activities

5
6
f
1 e

k
a
0 2 4 8 9 10
b d h j l

c i
3 7
g
PERT - methodology

Step 4: Add duration time for each activity

5
3 6
5
f
1 e
6
k
2
a
0 4 2 3 4 2 8 2 9 3 10
b d h j l
4
c 4 i

3 2 7
g
PERT - methodology

Step 5: Enter The earliest possible start time


for every event
5
7 3 6
5
f 10
1 e
2 6
k
2
a
0 4 2 3 4 2 8 2 9 3 10
0 b 4 d 7 h 14 16 19
j l
4
c 4 i

3 2 7
8 10
g
PERT - methodology

Step 6: Enter the latest possible finish time for


every event
5
7 10 3 6
5
f 10 13
1 e
2 5 6
k
2
a
0 4 2 3 4 2 8 2 9 3 10
0 0 b 4 4 d 7 12 h 14 14 16 16 19 19
j l
4
c 4 i

3 2 7
8 8 10 10
g
PERT - methodology

Step 7: Evaluate the slack time for every event

5
7 10 3 6
5
3 f 10 13
1 e 3
2 5 6
3 k
2
a
0 4 2 3 4 2 8 2 9 3 10
0 0 b 4 4 d 7 12 h 14 14 16 16 19 19
0 0 5 0 j 0 l 0
4
c 4 i

3 2 7
8 8 10 10
0 g 0
PERT - methodology

Step 8: Underline (in red) the critical path of the


entire project
5
7 10 3 6
5
3 f 10 13
1 e 3
2 5 6
3 k
2
a
0 4 2 3 4 2 8 2 9 3 10
0 0 b 4 4 d 7 12 h 14 14 16 16 19 19
0 0 5 0 j 0 l 0
4
c 4 i

3 2 7
8 8 10 10
0 g 0
PERT - methodology

Step 9: Select milestones for the project

5
7 10 3 6
5
3 f 10 13
1 e 3
2 5 6
3 k
2
a
0 4 2 3 4 2 8 2 9 3 10
0 0 b 4 4 d 7 12 h 14 14 16 16 19 19
0 0 5 0 j 0 l 0
4
c 4 i

3 2 7
8 8 10 10
0 g 0