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Project Title:


Project team: Under Guidance:

B KIRAN KUMAR -11675A0316
K PEERCHAND -11675A0317
P SAGAR -11675A0318
At a Glance

Working Principle
Main Components
What is TAR?
A Thermo-acoustic refrigerator (TAR) is a refrigerator that uses sound
waves in order to provide the cooling.

In a TAR, the working fluid is a helium, and the compressor is replaced by

a loudspeaker.

Working Principle
Thermo acoustics is based on the principle that sound waves are pressure
waves and they propagate causing compressions and rarefactions in the
And Clausius statement on second law of thermodynamics i.e., Heat flows
from body at higher temperature to a body at lower temperature but reverse
is not possible spontaneously.
Block Diagram
TAR - Prototype
To establish the temperature gradient.

TAR Building Blocks

Heat Exchanger
Resonance Tube
Working Fluid Helium Gas
Spiral Stack
The spiral stack consists of a long polyester nomex sheet wound around a
support Teflon-rod into a spiral.

Design Considerations
Stack Dia 49.8mm
Fishing line dia - 0.38mm
Sheet Thickness 0.25mm
Sheet Length 2.88m
Stack Coffee Stirrers
Second type of stack with combination of several coffee stirrers

Design Considerations
Length 113mm
Diameter 1.6 mm (each)
Material Poly Propylene
Stack Dia 49.8 mm
Heat Exchanger
Two Heat Exchanger are used on either side of the stack named as:
Hot side Heat exchanger
Cold side Heat exchanger

Hot side Heat exchanger

To remove excess heat

Cold side Heat exchanger

It is for refrigeration
Heat Exchanger

Design Considerations
Material - Copper
Thickness 0.15mm
Width 6mm
Heat Exchanger Dia 49.8 mm
Resonance Tube and Working Fluid

Resonance Tube
to provide housing for the whole setup
Considerations while selecting the material

Material Acrylic tube

Working Fluid

Helium Gas
TAR - Working
Placing the Stack.

Starting from left, the packet of gas is compressed

and moves towards hot heat exchanger and thus gets

When the gas packet is at maximum compression,

the gas ejects the heat back into the hot heat
TAR - Working

Gas expands while moving to left and cools.

Cold gas takes heat from stack.

Stack becomes colder.
TAR - Working

Temperature gradient across the stack is established.

Hot fluid

Very cold
Very hot

Circulating fluid picks up/loses heat at the heat


Cold fluid
TAR - Results
Stack I (Coffee Stirrers)
Test 1 Date: 03-04-2014 Time: 14:20 AM

Recorded Time Hot Junction (Ambient) Cold Junction

(mm:ss) (Result)
00 30 28

00:20 30 27

01:15 32 27

02:00 32 26

02:10 33 26

07:00 35 28

Total Duration: 00:07 (hh:mm) Temperature Gradient Achieved : 7C

TAR - Results
Stack II (Spiral Stack)
Test 2 Date: 03-04-2014 Time: 14:40 PM

Recorded Time Hot Junction (Ambient) Cold Junction

(min) (Result)
00:00 30 30

00:30 30 29

00:40 31 28

01:40 32 28

02:00 32 28

02:27 32 27

Total Duration: 02:27 (hh:mm) Temperature Gradient Achieved : 5C


Temperature gradient as high as 7 C could be

established across the stack 1 (Coffee stirrers)

Temperature gradient as high as 5 C could be

established across the stack 2 (Spiral stack)
Thank You