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RUANG LINGKUP GEOLOGI

pengertian
cara mempelajari geologi
ilmu-ilmu terkait
sistem dalam geologi
profesi yang berhubungan dengan
geologi
Pengertian
Geology: The study of the Earth as a whole, its origin,
structure, composition, and history (including the
development of life), and the nature of the processes
which have given rise to its present state.

Whitten, DGA and Brooks, JRV. 1977. The Penguin Dictionary of


Geology. Middlesex: Penguin Books. p. 204.

Pertanyaan:
Cari definisi lain dari buku-buku geologi
berbahasa Inggris di Perpustakaan Pusat.
Cara mempelajari
Mengikuti pendidikan geologi
Loka dan wahana utama:
Perpustakaan termasuk internet
Laboratorium (studio)
Lapangan

Perhatikan
Belum dikatakan belajar geologi sebelum ke
lapangan, laboratorium dan perpustakaan!
Ilmu-ilmu terkait
TEKNIK TEKNIK
TEKNOLOGI PERTAMBANGAN SIPIL INDUSTRI DLL
TEKNIK
PERMINYAKAN PARIWISATA

GEOLOGI GEOLOGI DLL


BAHAN GALIAN PANASBUMI
ILMU-ILMU GEOLOGI
TERAPAN MINYAKBUMI GEOLOGI GEOLOGI
TEKNIK LINGKUNGAN

METEOROLOGI
ILMU-ILMU BIOLOGI
DASAR GEOLOGI
KEBUMIAN
HIDROLOGI

STATISTIKA
ILMU-ILMU
FISIKA KIMIA
DASAR
MATEMATIKA
ARKEOLOGI
Ilmu-ilmu antara GEOARKEOLOGI
GEOLOGI
DLL
GEOFISIKA GEOWISATA
WISATA
FISIKA
GEOKIMIA
KIMIA PALEONTOLOGI
BIOLOGI
GEOHIDROLOGI
GEOSTATISTIKA
HIDROLOGI
STATISTIKA

Pertanyaan:
Mengapa muncul ilmu-ilmu antara?
Cabang-cabang geologi
GEOLOGI
GEOMORFOLOGI
PALEONTOLOGI
MINERALOGI GEOLOGI
STRUKTUR
STRATIGRAFI PETROLOGI TEKTONIKA
VOLKANOLOGI

GEOLOGI
SEJARAH

SPELEOLOGI LIMNOLOGI DLL

Pertanyaan:
Mengapa cabang-cabang geologi juga banyak?
RUANG LINGKUP GEOLOGI
pengertian
cara mempelajari geologi
ilmu-ilmu terkait
sistem dalam geologi
profesi yang berhubungan dengan
geologi
I WONDER
There are many diversifications in the
world, but they have been being maintained
in a single magnificent system and under
dynamic equilibrium.
Bambang Prastistho
Our previous earth
GEOSPHERE

ATMOSPHERE HYDROSPHERE
ATMOSPHERE

BIOSPHERE

HIDROSPHERE GEOSPHERE
RUANG LINGKUP GEOLOGI
pengertian
cara mempelajari geologi
ilmu-ilmu terkait
sistem dalam geologi
profesi yang berhubungan dengan
geologi
Why Study Geology?
Because geology is all around us.
1. Geological Resources
2. The Environment Environmental
3. Geological Hazards Geology
(Changes posing risks)
4. Engineering
5. Landforms and Surface Processes
6. Historical Geology
Geology forms the basis of our great civilizations
The Cradle of Civilization
Sprung from geology of the region

Tigris River, Iraq

http://encarta.msn.com/
Why Study Geology?
1. Geological Resources
The Cradle of
Civilization (Fertile
Crescent)
Development limited
by availability, e.g.,
soil, water, energy
Conflicts based on
resources, e.g., http://encarta.msn.com/
water, minerals, oil
Misuse of Resources
2. The Environment
These Maps illustrate the
Fertile Crescent in 1973 (top)
and 2000 (bottom).
Permanent marshlands,
pictured in green, have shrunk
90 percent in that period.

Illustration courtesy United Nations


Environment Program
Misuse of Geologic Resources
Desiccation of the Aral Sea, Kazakhstan
2. The Environment

http://www.grida.no/aral/aralsea/english/arsea/arsea.htm
Overuse of Geologic Resources
2. The Environment (Geology in the News)
1.7 billion are joining the consumer class
and the environment wont sustain this
standard of living (Worldwatch Institute
2004)

Emissions of Greenhouse gasses is


accelerating global warming

Climate change is accelerating melting of


glaciers and driving mass extinctions
(The Centre of Biodiversity and Conservation,
Leeds University, UK)
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003
Geology in the News San Andreas Fault

3. Geologic Hazards
Two die in 6.5
magnitude
Earthquake near
San Lois Obispo
California
Earthquake triggers
mudslides
Assessing Risk
Major Quake Likely to
Strike San Francisco
Bay Region Between
2003 and 2032

3. Geologic Hazards
Assessing Risks
Avoiding Risks
Preventing
Damage
Predicting Impact
http://quake.wr.usgs.gov/research/seismology/wg02/
Earthquake Photos
from AP
Bam, Iran
A Magnitude 6.5
Earthquake hits a
stone- and mud-
house city of
100,000 in Iran 12-
26-03
30,000 Dead
30,000 Refugees
US sends aid and
releases sanctions
Relations improved
3. Geological Hazards
Volcanoes

Landslides

Earthquakes
4. Geology in Engineering
Slope Failure Risk Assessment and Control

To prevent slope failure engineers must understand the


geology that forms and controls the slope
Geology in Engineering

The Leaning Tower Straightens Up


In Pisa the tilted one is back in
business after an 11-year effort
to keep it from collapsing
Committee member John
Burland, an engineer,
promoted soil extraction as the
best way to save the tower.

Engineers use knowledge of


geology to design, protect
and correct structures www.smithsonianmag.si.edu
5. Landforms and Surface Processes
H.C. Berann (1915-1999)
Yosemite National Park, 1987
Glaciers
Mass Wasting
Streams

Shorelines
Deserts
Groundwater
http://www.berann.com
Sub Disciplines
Areas of Study Which Rely on Geology

Environmental Geology
Environmental Sciences: how we influence
the earth
Geologic Hazards: how geology influences us
Engineering Geology
Geologic Materials
Foundations
Geotechnical engineering
Sub Disciplines (cont.)
Geological Resources
Locating and characterizing amounts and quality
Extracting and
Understanding environmental effects of
extraction and use (misuse, overuse) of
resources
Historical Geology
Deciphering Earth History and
Evolution of life