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H.I.V./A.I.D.S.

HIV/AIDSWe Care, Do You?


Rocky Migrino Camaligan, RN, USRN, MAN, MAEM
National Youth AIDS Trainor/Educator
AIDS-FREE PHILIPPINES - Catholic Bishops Conference of
the Philippines
rakicamaligan@gmail.com/+639393148333
AIDS(Overview)
A
Acquired

I
Immune

D
Deficiency

S
Syndrome
AIDS(Overview)

Human
H

Immunodeficiency
I

Virus
V
AIDS(Overview)

ra l
nte
a re r e
P s u
o
exp
Perinata
l
Exposur
e
AIDS RELATED COMPLEX

Fever with night sweats without cause

Enlarged lymph node without cause

Fatigability, wt. loss, body malaise

Altered sleeping pattern

Altered gait
AIDS DEFINING
SYMPTOMS

MAJOR MINOR
Persistent fever 1 month or Persistent cough 1 month or
more more
Chronic diarrhea Persistent generalized
10% wt.loss (stunted growth) lymphadenopathy
Generalized pruritic dermatitis
Oropharyngeal candidiasis
Recurrent herpes zoster
Progressive disseminated
herpes simplex
OPPORTUNISTIC
INFECTIONS/NEOPLASM
Cancer
s

Viral
infxn
Bacterial

AIDS
infxn

Fungal
infxn

Protozoal
Infxn
THINGS YOU HAVE
LEARNED SO FAR?
PHILIPPINES
HIV/AIDS STATUS
NUMBER OF NEW CASES
PER DAY OF HIV

1 4 9 17 32
HIV/AIDS CASES
JAN 1984 DEC 2015
8000

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Asymptomatic AIDS
HIV/AIDS CASES
JAN 1984 DEC 2015
8000

7000

92%
6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Asymptomatic AIDS
HIV/AIDS CASES
JAN 1984 DEC 2015
8000

7000

28 y.o.
6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Asymptomatic AIDS
HIV/AIDS CASES
JAN 1984 DEC 2015
8000

7000

85%
6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Asymptomatic AIDS
HIV/AIDS CASES
JAN 1984 DEC 2015
8000

7000

95%
6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Asymptomatic AIDS
HIV/AIDS CASES
JAN 1984 DEC 2015
8000

20% to 28%
7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Asymptomatic AIDS
GEOGRAPHIC
DISTRIBUTION
ROTC; 16.94%

Region XI; 6.08%

Region III; 8.56%

Region VII; 9.26%

NCR; 45.03%

Region IV A; 14.14%
MODE OF TRANSMISSION

December 2015 Jan-Dec 2015 Cumulative


Mode of Transmission n = 650 n = 7829 n = 30356

Sexual Contact 632 7540 26534


Heterosexual 77 1001 6009
Homosexual 349 3893 13699
Bisexual 206 2572 8826
Blood & Blood Products 0 0 20
Injecting Drugs Use 17 272 1340
Needle Prick Injury 0 0 3
Mother-Child 1 17 84
No Data Available 0 0 364
MODE OF TRANSMISSION

December 2015 Jan-Dec 2015 Cumulative


Mode of Transmission n = 650 n = 7829 n = 30356

Sexual Contact 632 7540 26534


Heterosexual 77 1001 6009
Homosexual 349 3893 13699
Bisexual 206 2572 8826
Blood & Blood Products 0 0 20
Injecting Drugs Use 17 272 1340
Needle Prick Injury 0 0 3
Mother-Child 1 17 84
No Data Available 0 0 364
PREVENTION AND
CONTROL

Case-
Prevention
Finding

Supportive
Care
PREVENTION AND
CONTROL

Case-
Prevention
Finding

Supportive
Care
PREVENTION

P Practice Safe Sex

A Avoid Needle Stick Injury/Blood


Encounters

S Say NO to Drugs
PREVENTION

A Abstinence

B Be Faithful

C Change of Behavior /
Condom
PREVENTION AND
CONTROL

Case-
Prevention
Finding

Supportive
Care
PREVENTION AND
CONTROL

Case-
Prevention
Finding

Supportive
Care
CASE-FINDING(CASE-MGT.)

Counselling
Compliance
or Education

Contact
Condoms
Tracing
CASE-FINDING(CASE-MGT.)

Counselling
Compliance
or Education

Contact
Condoms
Tracing
CASE-FINDING(CASE-MGT.)

Counselling
Compliance
or Education

Contact
Condoms
Tracing
CASE-FINDING(CASE-MGT.)

Counselling
Compliance
or Education

Contact
Condoms
Tracing
FACT OR BLUFF?

Physical appearance will show a person is free


from infection
Married women are safe
Young people are likely to be free from infection
Taking medication before and after sex can
prevent HIV
Urinating, washing or douching after sex prevents
STDs
Only high risks groups like commercial sex workers
or gay men will get infected
CASE-FINDING(CASE-MGT.)

Counselling
Compliance
or Education

Contact
Condoms
Tracing
NURSING CARE AND
RESPONSIBILITIES

Case-
Prevention
Finding

Supportive
Care
NURSING CARE AND
RESPONSIBILITIES

Case-
Prevention
Finding

Supportive
Care
SUPPORTIVE CARE

Regular visit to a physician


R
O Omit vices like smoking/too much alcohol

C Consume well balanced meals

K Killer smile or avoid stress

Y Yes to regular exercise and adequate rest


SUPPORTIVE CARE

S Spiritual Care

E Empathize

A Avoid being judgmental

L Listen
AS A SUMMARY
BASIC MESSAGES
Everyone is at risk
We cannot tell if a person
is infected
Infected people are
capable of infecting
others
AIDS is incurable and fatal
HIV infection is lifelong
HIV transmission can be
prevented
THE STARFISH

There was a man who was walking along


the beach during sunset. He saw a young
boy in the distance. As he drew nearer, he
noticed the boy kept on bending down,
picking something up and throwing it into
the water. As the man approached even
closer, he saw that the boy was picking up
a starfish that had been washed up on the
beach and, one at a time, he was throwing
THE STARFISH

The man asked the boy what he was doing.


I am throwing this starfish back into the ocean
or else it will die, the boy replied.
But you cant possibly save them all, there are
thousands on this beach, and this must be
happening on hundreds of beaches along the
coast. You cant possibly make a difference,
said the man.
The boy smiled, bent down and
picked up another starfish and
as he threw it back into the sea,
he replied,

I made a difference
to that one!
MAKE A SIMPLE DIFFERENCE

TO ENGAGE
TO EDUCATE
TO EMPOWER
TO AN AIDS-FREE PHILIPPINES
ROCKY M. CAMALIGAN, RN, USRN, MAN, MAEM
National Youth AIDS Trainor/Educator
AIDS-FREE PHILIPPINES - Catholic Bishops
Conference of the Philippines