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Sample Template for Poster Presentation

Anup KC, Pratisthit Lal Shrestha


Supervisor: Hari Prasad Neopane, Ph.D
Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal

This is the 2nd edition of poster template, last modified on 18 July, 2015. Few changes have been made here regarding font size used in Title, headings and sub-headings. Insert your abstract here. Maximum number of words for abstract is
250, preferably in single paragraph. The size of font for abstract should be one or two size smaller than the font size used in the body of poster, in bold letters. Students are advised to go through the instructions below before preparing the
poster.

Introduction CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION


Biogas typically refers to a mixture of different gases produced by the
breakdown of organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Biogas can be
produced from raw materials such as agricultural waste, manure,
With the aim to produce maximum amount of biogas using
municipal waste, sewage, green waste or food waste. Urban Household various specific Insulation, this project is approached in
Biogas Plant is an effective technological concept in Nepal. We use mesophilic anaerobic digestion. From the yearlong
Household and agricultural waste as a feeding material. In this project the literature review, experimentation and data analysis of the
proposed concept is to replace the traditional waste management
technology and with a view of working in the implement of a design of
project the gas it can be concluded that there are many
Urban Household Biogas Plant which converts the Household wastes different parameters that we should keep in mind before
into Bio-energy and can be used for several purposes fabricating the biogas plant. Due to the winter startup the
temperature of the biogas plant cannot be maintained
Methodology
Literature Review on Anaerobic Digestion, its Principles, Factors
within mesophilic range and as a result the gas cannot be
affecting it. produced. Temperature inside the digester can be
Dimensional Calculation for Design Process
maintained with the addition of required thickness of
insulation outside the plant and be heating the input slurry.
Market Survey and effective material Selection
From the project it can be recommended that biogas
Structural Design production is hampered by winter startup without required
Fabrication and assembly of parts Figure 1.1 Simple Drawing of a household biogas plant. thickness of insulation. So summer start up must for biogas
production.
Analysis and Lab test of Biogas.
Results
Description The project started after the fabrication, assembly and installation of biogas
The biogas plant consists of a bio digester tank where the major work of
digester with inlet outlet and the gas distribution pipe. Initially 200 l of cow
decomposition of waste and production of gas occurs. Different anaerobic
dung was fed into the digester at the winter season. In the beginning gas
bacteria present in the biogas digester gradually decompose the solid
production was detected because of the decomposition of cow dung. The
waste into Methane (CH4), Carbon dioxide (CO2) and Hydrogen Sulphide
biogas plant was than fed with 18l household food waste in mixture with water
(H2S) gas which gets collected in the digester tank above the
in 1:1 ratio. Due to winter startup, the temperature inside the biogas plant
decomposing waste product.
could not be maintained within mesophilic range. Because of this acidification
An inlet pipe is used to load waste product into the biogas digester. A occurred inside the biogas plant which hampered the growth of microbes and
valve fitted at the top of the tank is used in collection and distribution of as a result no gas production was detected. The graph below shows the daily
biogas. The byproduct after the process of decomposition is disposed out temperature change which explains the low temperature in startup period.
of the tank through an outlet pipe. To minimize the effect of lower Daily temperature change graph (starting from 2016/12/01)

temperature in the generation of gas, the biogas digester is provided with


35

30
References
temperature ( degree centigrade)

an insulating medium as well as Green House Technology is 25


1. A. KC, Domain Description: A Engineering Approach" in Souvenir 2065, Club
20

implemented. 15 Thirty, Nepal, 2014.


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5
2. P.L. Shrestha, M. Shah & B. Shrestha, Alternative Design of a Spur Gear and
0

failure analysis- Gearhead Avenue, Ducator, 2009.


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TEMPERATURE(DEGREE CENTIGRADE) MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE(DEGREE CENTIGRADE) MINIMUM TEMPERATURE(DEGREE CENTIGRADE) AVERAGE

3. A. KC and P.L. Shrestha, The Design Manual for Bearings and Shafts, TZT
Publishing, London, UK, 2000.

Department of Mechanical Engineering | 2015