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FACH Congestion

FACH Congest Due to

Limited Number of Resources


users congestion of the
logical channels
carried on FACH are
Raise the ceiling Decrease congested (CCCH,
simultaneous DCCH & DTCH)
number of FACH
Step#1: Increases users
number of users from Enable FACH flow
30 to 60 users on control for the
FACH 4B decrease FACH FC: needed logical
P2D & channel type.
D2Idle
Step# 2:
Unrestricted
number of FACH
I. FACH Congestion due to
limited number of users
What is the cons of having limitation in number of FACH
users?
1. If D2F failed (due to max number of FACH users are reached) then
UEs in the CELL_DCH state, having little or no data to transmit, may
continuously occupy the dedicated channels and cell resource
utilization may decrease as a result
2. If P2F failed then CELL_PCH UEs fail to perform data transmission or
respond to paging messages and finally enter the idle state, leading
to PS service drops plus paging failure.
3. If the number of UEs in the CELL_FACH state reaches the upper limit,
cell updates may fail, including those triggered by radio link setup
failures. As a result, call drops may occur.

Proposal
Step#1: Increase number of FACH users from 30 to 60 (but take care
of FACH resource congestion) FACH_60_USER_SWITCH-1
Proposal cont.
Proposal
Step#2: FACH FC P2D and D2Idle:

D2Idle transitionSET UCORRMALGOSWITCHcommand.


P2D transitionSET URRCTRLSWITCH command. During a P2D
transition, the RNC delivers the UE a cell update confirm message on
the CCCH, which prevents call drops because the delivery does not
use up resources designated for UEs in the CELL_FACH state.
Proposal cont.
Proposal
Step#2: FACH FC P2D and D2Idle.
Step#3: If the number of UEs in the CELL_FACH state reaches the upper
limit, cell updates may fail, including those triggered by radio link setup
failures. As a result, call drops may occur. To prevent this, you can
reserve some UEs in the CELL_FACH state for cell updates. To set the
number of reserved users, run theSET UCORRMALGOSWITCHcommand
and modify theReservedU32Para1parameter.
If the maximum number of UEs in the CELL_FACH state is 30 and the
number of reserved UEs in the CELL_FACH state is 5, the D2F transition
shown inFigure 4-2will not be implemented when the number of UEs
in the CELL_FACH state reaches 25. Instead, the D2Idle transition may
be triggered. The resources for reserved UEs are for the users who send
cell update messages.
Step#4: Unrestricted number of FACH users not recommended as the
FACH resource congestion may increase dramatically.
Note: from counters we cant decide that there is congestion due to
number of FACH users are congested, but we can decide the number of
simultaneous FACh users per cell from VS.CellFACHUEs (it is better to
use this counter from LMT monitor to get it per 1sec)
FACH logical
channels

CCCH DCCH DTCH


New congestion
counter
VS.FACH.CCCH.CO
NG.TIME only
enabled on 7-11-
2013
DTCH Congestion
What is the benefit of relieving the DTCH
congestion:
1. Better user experience.
2. Less PS Call Drop
DTCH Congestion

Optimized DTCH P2D D2Idl FACH efficiency


congestion e boost
decision

DTCH Congestion depend on


Delay:
The RNC considers the DTCH
congested if the following
conditions are met:

FACHAdmCondSDUDelaySwitch
is set toON.
There are 10 or more PDUs
whose SDU delay is greater than
FACHAdmSDUDelayThd in the
DTCH buffer.
FACH efficiency boost

Data TVM-based F2P Transition by


Transmission P2D Means of Physical
Suspension Transition Channel
Reconfiguration
the RNC suspends RLC data This function enables F2P transitions by means
transmission when triggering an UEs in the CELL_PCH of physical channel
F2D state transition. The RNC state to enter the reconfiguration reduce
keeps RLC data transmission CELL_DCH state when FACH bandwidth
suspended until the F2D state the amount of data to consumption, because
transition is complete or the UE be transmitted exceeds physical channel
returns to the CELL_FACH state. the 4A threshold. This reconfiguration messages
This ensures that user-plane data eliminates the need for generate 50% less air
is transmitted over the DCH P2F transitions prior to interface traffic than RB
whenever possible. F2D transitions and reconfiguration
SET URRCTRLSWITC thereby improves the messages.
PROCESSSWITCH3 FACH resource
RNC_F2D_RLC_SUSPEND_SWIT utilization efficiency.
P2D (for DTCH congestion)
When the DTCH is congested, RNC triggers P2D
transition.The trigger conditions and how
DTCHflowcontrolis implemented are as follows:
When a UE with PS services in the CELL_PCH state initiates a
cell update, a P2D transition is triggered if the following
conditions are met:
1. ThePROCESSSWITCH2 parameter is set
toFACH_DTCH_CONGEST_P2D-1.
2. The UE is of Release 5 or a later version.
3. The DTCH is congested but the CCCH and DCCH are not.
4. In the cell update message triggered by PS data
transmission, the value of IE "Cell update cause" is
"uplink data transmission" or "paging response", and the
IE"Establishment cause" is not reported.
D2Idle
The following describes how a D2Idle procedure is
triggered for UEs processing PS services when the DTCH is
congested:
WhenPERFENH_DTCH_FACH_CONG_D2I_SWITCHis
selected underPerfEnhanceSwitch , the RNC initiates a D2F
transition request. If the DTCH is congested, the RNC
evaluatesthe measurement quantities (indicating the traffic
volume or throughput) contained in the uplink and
downlink 4B measurement reports. If the measurement
quantities are all 0, a D2Idle transition starts. If the
measurement quantities are not all 0, the UE remains in the
CELL_DCH state.
DTCHflowcontrolstops once the DTCH is no longer
congested.
Time Plan
FACH Efficiency
P2D (for DTCH boost Data D2Idle
Congestion) suspension

2
21 3
11/ 13/1
13/1 15/1
15/1 18/1
/ /
11 11 11 1 1
11
1

FACH 60 FACH Efficiency Decrease 4B


boost TVM
users based P2D