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FEMALE PELVIS

BONES OF PELVIS
SACRUM

ILLIUM

COCCYX

PUBIS

ISCHIUM
PARTS OF PELVIS

FALSE PELVIS TRUE PELVIS

The portion above the pelvic The bony canal that the fetus
brim. needs to pass through during the
normal mechanism of childbirth
Has no obstetrical significance comprises brim, cavity & outlet
relevant to passage of fetus
through the pelvis
LANDMARKS OF PELVIC BRIM
8 landmarks
1. Sacral promontory

2. Sacral ala

3. Sacroiliac joint

4. Iliopectineal line

5. Iliopectineal eminence

6. Superior ramus of the pubic bone

7. Upper inner border of the body of the pubic bone

8. Upper inner border of the body of the symphysis pubis


JOINTS OF PELVIS

SACROILIAC
JOINT (2)

SACROCOCCYGEA
L
SYMPHYSIS JOINT (1)
PUBIS
PELVIC LEGAMENTS

Sacroiliac ligaments

Pubic ligaments

Sacrotuberous

ligaments

Sacrospinous ligament

Sacrococcygeal

ligaments
Sacrospinous
ligament
Sacrotuberous
ligament
Sacrotuberous ligament
DIAMETERS of pelvic inlet

Antero -posterior diameters


Anatomical conjugate (true conjugate)
= 12cm

Obstetric conjugate = 11 cm

Diagonal conjugate = 12 -13 cm

Oblique diameters

Right oblique diameter =12 cm


Left oblique diameter = 12 cm

Transverse diameters = 13cm


DIAMETERS of pelvic cavity

As the cavity of the pelvis is round in shape, all the diameter


of the cavity is 12cm
DIAMETERS OF PELVIC OUTLET

Antero -posterior
diameters=13 cm

Oblique diameters = 12cm

Transverse diameters = 10-


11cm
Types of pelvis
Common Iliac A

Internal Iliac A
Common Iliac V

Internal Iliac V
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF
FEMALE PELVIS
ASSIGNMENT
Show the diameter of pelvis by the
diagrammatical presentation.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
BOOKS:-
Beischer, N.A., Mackay, E.V. & Colditz, P.B. (1997). Obstetrics and
the New-born. (3rd ed.). London: W.B. Saunders.
Dutta, D.C. (2004). Text book of obstetrics. (6th ed.). Kolkata:
New central book agency (P) ltd.
Fraser, D.M. & Cooper,M.A. (2005). Myles Text book for
Midwives. (14th ed.). Edinburg: Churchill Livingstone.
Littleton, L.V. & Engebeton, J.C. (2007). Maternity Nursing care.
(1st ed.). Australia: Thomson.