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2017/8/28 Security Level:

The Meaning of PaPb and RS


power

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. Huawei Confidential


The Meaning of PaPb and RS power
Before understanding the meaning of PaPb and RS Power, we should know:
What is OFDM symbol?
The classification of OFDM symbols
The meaning of A and B

OFDM symbol means all the resource elements and RS with the same slot in time
domain, it can be divided into type A (A OFDM symbol) and type B (B OFDM symbol).
One B OFDM Symbol has reference signals, but one A OFDM symbol does not have
any reference signals.

ERS means the energy of RS.


EA means the energy of resource element of A OFDM symbol.
EB means the energy of resource element of B OFDM symbol.

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The Meaning of PaPb and RS power
The meaning of A and B
A = EA/ERS B = EB/ERS

The relationship between mW, dBm and dB can be decided by the following formulas:

Pr P P P
dBm 10 * lg dB 10 * lg out 10 * lg out 10 * lg in
1mW Pin 1mW 1mW

The relationship between PaPb A and B:


Pa= A = EA/ERS
Pb is decided by A /B equal to EA/EBThere is a mapping relationship between A /B and Pb:

PB B /A

One Antenna Port Two or Four Antenna Ports

0 1 5/4

1 4/5 1`

2 3/5 3/4

3 2/5 1/2

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How to calculate the RRU power
The RRU power is equal to the power of all the resource elements and RS with the same slot, so it can be
calculate by power of A OFDM symbol and B OFDM symbol respectively.

How to calculate the power of A OFDM symbol


It can be calculate by the following formula:
PRS PA
10
10
Pmax N RB 12
1000
It can also be calculate by the following steps:
First, , with RS power and PA, so we can calculate the power of per resource element of A OFDM symbol.
Second, we can add the powers of all the resource element s belong to one A OFDM symbol, the result is power
of A OFDM symbol

For example, RS=15.2dbm, Pa=-3dB, the power of per resource element of A OFDM symbol is 12.2dbm, equal
to 16.6mw. There are 100 RBs in 20m cell, and each RB include 12 sub-carriers, so in 20m cell, there are
12100 resource elements in one A OFDM symbol. So the Power of A OFDM symbol is
16.6mw12100=20W.

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How to calculate the RRU power
How to calculate the power of B OFDM symbol
For RRU with two antennas, the power of B OFDM symbol can be calculate by the following formula:

PRS P A PRS
10 10
10 10
Pmax ( B 8 2) N RB
1000 A 1000
It can also be calculate by the following steps:
First, with RS power and PA, so we can calculate the power of per resource element of A OFDM symbol.
Second, with PB, so we can know the value of A /B and we can calculate the power of per resource element of
B OFDM symbol.
Third, we can add the powers of all the resource elements (exclude the resource elements not used) and
reference signals belong to one B OFDM symbol, the result is power of B OFDM symbol.

For example, RS=15.2dbm, Pa=-3dB, Pb=1, the power of per resource element of B OFDM symbol is 12.2dbm,
equal to 16.6mw. because there are two antennas, so Pa=1 means B/A is 1. That means EPRE(do not include
RS and RE with no power) of B OFDM symbol is 16.6mw, and there are 12100 REs in one B OFDM symbol.
2100 RS in them and 2100 REs are not used, RS power is 33.1mw. So the Power of B OFDM symbol is
16.6mw8100+33.1mw2100=20W.

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How to calculate the RRU power
The maximum output power of RRU
If the power of A OFDM is equal to the power of B OFDM symbol, the maximum output power of RRU is
the power of A(or B) OFDM symbol.
If the power of A OFDM is unequal to the power of B OFDM symbol, the maximum output power is the
bigger one.

The recommended power configuration is PA=-3dBm, PB=1. Under this configuration, the power of A
OFDM symbol is equal to the power of B OFDM symbol, RRU can fully use the power. For the power of
RS is stronger than the power of resource element, it is good for the coverage of the cell.

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The parameter configuration table of PaPb and RS

PRS(dBm) PA(dB) PB

Recommendation 1 15.2 0 0

default valueHuawei
suggestion 18.2 -3 1

recommendation 2 19.9 -4.77 2

recommendation3 21.2 -6 3

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