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born in Achare, in the Konkan region 3. RATIONALIST

of Maharashtra. He reveal the internal functional in a building He practiced perfectly for 55 years , he was
influenced by his father, who was a portrait as separate masses and then arranged in a considered the pioneer of what may be
and landscape painter. ways that were functional from inside and termed the modern movement in architecture
graduated in architecture from Sir J.J. elegant from outside. in India.
School of Arts, Mumbai in 1942. 4. SENSE OF SPACE An art can be to nourish the senses . Art is
sent by the Government of India to study at Humaness is all about size and space. purely an aesthetic exercise.
Harvard where he worked under Walter He believed that a grid of columns forming a
Gropius and was influenced by his thinking He always tried to bring down buildings to matrix giving structural and spatial aspect
and teaching human scale and a connection to the built would turn a design to more sophisticated and
joined the Council for Scientific and heritage in a locality. faceted.
Industrial Research after returning to india. BAUHAUS CHARACTERISTIC IN He treated his building with
The bauhaus style: Studying under Walter
Awarded Padma Shree in 1976. Asymmetry groupius , kanvinde developed a whole new
President IIA (1974 - 75)
Blocky outlook towards architecture. He was greatly
Co -Authored book Campus Design in influenced by the Bauhaus style, which later
India. Cubic shapes
on was adopted in his various buildings.
IIAs Babu Rao Mhatre Gold Medal for life Smooth, flat plain , undecorated
time achievement in 1985 surfaces
Great Masters Award from JK Industries Ltd.
Flat roofs
in 1993.
Was also a part of the jury on the Adoption of steel framed reinforced The institutional buildings he designed in the
competition for the Indira Gandhi National concrete post and slab. first five years, are conservative. All having:
Center for Arts, along with B.V. Doshi. He played with space and form and much 1. similar facades.
DESIGN PHILOSOPHY 2. Horizontal, clean volumes,
more importance to natural light. He
3. aesthetically pleasing proportions of
1.FUNCTIONALIST STYLE OF DESIGN believed that the relationships of the fenestration.
It was an approach to design as per the parts and materials of the building area 4. Ribbon windows.
concept that the space and form of a working morality. 5. A grid frame structure unexposed, and
building should emerge out of the logical plastered exterior finish.
arrangement of space inside and not form
By the end of 1960s Kanvindes The Doodhsagar dairy is monstrous, raw,
any predetermined idea like symmetry.
and probably one of the first outbursts of
Functionalist believed a building should expressive architecture was variously
only have features that were functionally interpreted as an architectural what can be called Kanvindes brutalism.
necessary and no-functional decoration. expression that reflected the culture and The form is very rough, and blocky.
He has always been described to be
2. LOGIC OF LIGHTNESS aspirations and dearly reflected the rise modest and approachable, and always
The complete focus on the material to be of the brutalism polemic of architecture . preferred to keep a low profile. This building
used in construction. He always try to Expressed concrete structure in presents a stark contrast to his character
develop such an aesthetic for a heavy
mass construction that looks light. combination with brick became the
dynamic determinant of form and order.
The primary task was to respond to functional
demands of the dairy interior ; the need for
effective layout and optimal ventilation which
formed the central idea of the design .
The dudhsagar dairy is Monstrous and raw.
The form is very rough and blocky .
Cold character.
Walls and structure are more theatrical than
Fortress like structure .
technical in their function of containing and
One of the first outburts of kanvindes supporting the process within
Banding of the exterior finish helps articulate the
muscular feature of the building


KANPUR The residential campus is planned and landscaped
with a hope for environmental freedom.
Halls of residence, faculty and staff houses and
To evacuate the heat generated out of milk community buildings surround the central
condensing and spray drying equipment, a
academic area to provide flexibility in movement
system of ventilation ducts linking all the
working areas around the periphery of both the and communication.
buildings climinating the ineffective exhaust fan. Core Pedestrian island which consist of lecture halls
surrounded by landscaping and water body forming
the main focus of the campus.
The academic area is well connected by a long
corridor which links all the major buildings
The academic area is set up in vicinity of Hostels to
provide quick accessibility to students
Conventional type of buildings were designed as
isolated islands of departments
Activities which students and faculties share are
The IITK campus occupies a 1055 acre area. designed to encourage meeting and interaction
The grid based spatial organization and shafts,
although intrinsic to the technical process, are
The Academic Complex is located centrally at the
site and free from traffic noise.
articulated by kanvinde to form a rhythmic Academic buildings: 13 departments, PK Kelkar
composition reflecting a level of autonomy in
Library, Computer Centres faculty offices,
(191628 December 2002)
expression. The intention of making a
triumphant gesture of the modernising dairy laboratories and administrative buildings
industry representing the small scale dairy Around 7000 students, 390 faculty, and 1000 staff
representing the small scale dairy farmers members (and their families) reside on campus
The natural slope of the site utilized to No. of buildings: 108.10 boys hostel and 2 girls
advantage of a multi level processing system. hostel
ventilation points are expressed as large shafts With Sports complex, Housing for faculty
that rise above the roof level The site is flat with the canal on one side and
They evacuate the hot air by natural transportation route on the other side.
convection eliminating the need for mechanical Pedestrian and vehicular traffic are completely
exhaust system segregated