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SYSTEM &

SYSTEM THINKING(1)
D YA H L I N TA N G T R E N G G O N O W AT I
U N I V E R S I TA S S U LTA N A G E N G T I R TAYA S A
2017
SYLLABUS
Pertemuan ke- Pertemuan ke-
1. System and System Thinking (1) 9. Hard/OR Methodology (2)
2. System and System Thinking (2) 10. Marginal Incremental Cost
3. Problem Situation 11. Constrained Decision Making
4. Model 12. Implementation Model
5. Model Development 13. Mathematic Model (1)
6. Hard/OR Methodology (1) 14. Mathematic Model (2)
7. Quis Besar 15. Quis Besar
8. UTS 16. UAS

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REFERENSI
Daellenbach, H.G. 1994, Systems and Decision Making, John
Wiley & sons, England

Simatupang, T.M. 1994. Pemodelan Sistem. Penerbit Nindita.


Kalten.

Sterman, J. Business Dynamics: Systems Thinking and Modeling


for a Complex World. McGraw-Hill / Irwin, 2000

Simatupang, T.M. 1995. Teori Sistem:Suatu Perspektif Teknik


Industri. Penerbit Andi Offset. Yogyakarta.

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KOMPONEN PENILAIAN
KEHADIRAN : 10%
TUGAS & LATIHAN : 20 %
QUIS : 15 %
UTS : 25 %
UAS & FINAL PROJECT : 30 %

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TATA TERTIB
Kehadiran wajib min 80%
Kehadiran di bawah 80% dipersilahkan mengikuti ujian, namun tidak
akan diperiksa. Di nilai E!
Tidak ada pengumpulan tugas, UTS dan UAS susulan.
Tidak ada ujian dan tugas tambahan
Tidak ada tindak kecurangan
Keterlambatan perkuliahan maksimal 15 menit
Dilarang makan dan minum di kelas, kecuali minuman air putih.
Matikan/ silent kan Handphone
Pastikan untuk bertanya jika belum jelas

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KETUA KELAS A

Dyah Lintang Trenggonowati


Hp: 081216763336

Nama : Naufal Nabiel (A)


Hp : 0896 2568 4063

Nama : Dimas A.(B)


Hp : 0895 8032 31942

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OUTLINE
Konsep Sistem

System Thinking

General Theory of System


KEPOPULERAN KATA SISTEM
Solar system (sistem tenaga surya)
Political systems and legal system
Telephone system, internet system and communication system
Number systems
Information systems
Digestive system (sistem pencernaan)
Central nervous system (sistem saraf yang
berlokasi dalam tengkorak)
SYSTEM VIEW
Out-there view;
Sistem dilihat sebagai abstrak fisik, untuk tujuan tertentu

Inside-us view;
Sistem merupakan hasil konseptual manusia sebagai
pengamat
SYSTEM VIEW

Pengetahuan dan persepsi yang berbeda dari setiap


orang, maka hasil pengamatan dari suatu sistem
bersifat "subyektif"
SYSTEM (1)

A system is an interconnected set of elements that


is coherently organized in a way that achieves
something. (Meadow, 2009)
SYSTEM (2)
A system is an organized assembly of components.
Organized means that there exist special
relationships between the components.

The system does something, i.e. it exhibits


behaviours that are unique to the system.

Each component contributes towards the behaviour


of the system and its own behaviour is affected by
being in the system.
SYSTEM (3)
Groups of components within the system may by themselves
have properties (1), (2), and (3),

i.e. they may form subsystems.

The system has an outside an environment, which provides


inputs into the system and receives outputs from the system.

The system has been identified by someone to be of special


interest for a given purpose.
SYSTEM (4)

The crucial ingredients of a system are therefore its


components, the relationships between the
components, the behaviour or the activities of the
system, its relevant environment, the inputs from the
environment, the outputs to the environment, and the
special interest of the observer (Daellanbach, 2005)
ENVIRONMENT, SYSTEM, SUB-SYSTEM
SYSTEM BEHAVIOR
What the system does
System activities

Transformation process, i.e. inputs from the


environment are transformed into outputs
Uncontrollable input

Transformation Output

Controllable input
SYSTEM BEHAVIOR

Uncontrollable input;
Given and cannot be affected by the decision maker

Controllable input;
Dapat dikendalikan jumlahnya
SYSTEM BEHAVIOR

System state merupakan kondisi atau sifat sistem


pada suatu kondisi tertentu.
System variable merupakan variabel yang dapat
menggambarkan system state
Emerging properties, the system exhibits
behaviours or properties that none of its components
individually may exhibit.
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
SYSTEM BOUNDARY

Batasan sistem merupakan batas yang


membatasi sistem yang kita kaji (view) dengan
lingkungan

Boundary judgment harus memperhatikan


aspek-aspek kritis dalam sistem.
PENDEKATAN BLACK BOX
Kadang kala untuk mempelajari suatu sistem, kita
meninggalkan (left over) behavior suatu sistem karena
pengetahuan kita sedikit atau sebagian.

Yang kita amati adalah input-outputnya saja.

Contoh: kita melihat sistem komputer sebagai proses


menginput karakter lalu outputnya adalah huruf-huruf yang
ditampilkan di monitor.
HIRARKI SISTEM
TUGAS
Amati sebuah sistem!
Jelaskan berdasarkan konsep sistem!
TERIMA K ASIH