Anda di halaman 1dari 32

Endocrine

Endocrine System
System
Control of Our Bodies Homeostasis
Engage
You will be viewing some video clips from
Sideshow: Alive On The Inside. Within
these clips you will see various types of
endocrine disorders.
If you are interested in viewing more
endocrine system oddities, you can read
the book Freak Show: Presenting Human
Oddities for Amusement and Profit by
Robert Bogdan.
Explore
Explore 1
Using your text and other resources, you
will familiarize yourself with the endocrine
glands and their functions by completing
the endocrine system worksheet.
Explore 2
Role Play: The Rise and Fall of Glucose
Explain
Section 39-2

The Endocrine
System

regulates

Calcium
Water Response
Growth Reproduction Metabolism and glucose
balance to stress
levels

by means by means by means by means by means by means


of the of the of the of the of the of the

Pituitary Testes Thyroid Pancreas Adrenals

Ovaries Parathyroids
Explain
List 4 types of endocrine glands and
give their function.
What is the overall function of the
endocrine system?
With what other systems does the
endocrine system interact?
Exocrine or Endocrine
Exocrine release products
(enzymes) into ducts
Ex) Sweat, tears, digestive juices
Endocrine directly to bloodstream;
NO DUCTS
Ex) Hormones
Endocrine System
Glands release products to
bloodstream directly.
Horomones products deliver
messages to body
Target cells have specific
receptors for specific hormones
Endocrine Glands
Section 39-1

Hypothalamus Pineal gland


The hypothalamus makes The pineal gland releases melatonin, which
hormones that control the is involved in rhythmic activities, such as
pituitary gland. In addition, it daily sleep-wake cycles.
makes hormones that are stored
in the pituitary gland.

Thyroid
Pituitary gland The thyroid produces thyroxine, which
The pituitary gland produces regulates metabolism.
hormones that regulate many of the
other endocrine glands.
Pancreas
The pancreas produces insulin and glucagon, which
Parathyroid glands regulate the level of glucose in the blood.
These four glands release
parathyroid hormone, which
regulate the level of calcium Ovary
in the blood. The ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone.
Estrogen is required for the development of secondary
sex characteristics and for the development of eggs.
Thymus Progesterone prepares the uterus for a fertilized egg.
During childhood, the thymus
releases thymosin, which
stimulates Tcell development.
Testis
The testes produce testosterone,
Adrenal glands which is responsible for sperm
The adrenal glands release production and the development of
epinephrine and nonepinephrine, male secondary sex characteristics
which help the body deal with stress.
Pituitary Gland
Master gland
Controls the other
endocrine glands
Growth Hormone (GH)
Too much
gigantism
Too little dwarfism
Antidiuretic (ADH)
Stimulates kidneys
to keep water
Hypothalamus
Part of brain and attached to
pituitary
Controls pituitary secretions
Thyroid
THYROID GLAND
Regulates
Metabolism and energy balance
Thyroid Hormones
Thyroxine
Regulates body energy usage
Calcitonin
One hormones that regulates calcium
and phosphate in blood
Questions
What are the two hormones that the
thyroid secretes?
What is the function of thyroxine?
What is the function of calcitonin?
Parathyroid
Calcium Regulation
PARAthyroid Glands
PTH-Parathyroid hormones
Increases calcium, phosphate, and
magnesium absorption in intestines.
Causes bones to release calcium and
phosphate
Causes removal of calcium and magnesium
from urine by kidneys
Increases the making of Vitamin D in body
Negative Feedback
Mechanism
Our body uses feedback mechanism
to maintain homeostasis within our
body.
Regulation of calcium is one example
of this process.
Can you think of another one? Hint:
Role Play Activity
Questions
PTH cause the small intestine to
absorb more calcium, _____ and
_____.
What does PTH cause the bones to
release?
What do the kidneys do because of
PTH?
Adrenal Gland
Releases hormones to deal with stress
Adrenal Gland Cont.
Cortex
Produces more than
2 dozen steroid
hormones
corticosteriods
Medulla
fight or flight
Epinephrine and
norepinephrine
Glucose Regulation
Two Ways:
1. Eating Regularly
2. Hormone Adjustments
Pancreas:
Endocrine and Exocrine
What did the pancreas do in digestion?
Secreted Enzymes
Pancreas also secretes hormones
Endocrine glands
- ductless organ that releases hormones
DIRECTLY into the bloodstream.
Questions
What do exocrine glands secrete?
What do endocrine glands secrete?
Blood Glucose Level
Pancreatic Hormones regulate blood
sugar level before and after meals.
Islets; clusters of cells in pancreas
Alphasecrete glucagon increases sugar
Beta secrete insulin decreases sugar
What Happens?

Between meals
Blood glucose lowPancreas secretes
glucagonLiver changes glycogen to
glucoseglucose sent to target tissues

After a meal
Blood glucose highPancreas secretes
insulinGlucose goes to the Liver(Glygogen) and
goes to Target tissues
Questions
What organ regulates glucose in blood?
When we eat our blood glucose level is high
or low?
In between meals our blood glucose level is
high or low?
When our blood glucose is high the
pancreas secretes ___________.
When our blood glucose is low the
pancreas secretes ___________.
What mechanism allows our body to
control the glucose level in our body?
Diabetes
Diabetes
High sugar levels in blood
Do not produce enough insulin to control
blood sugar
Some take insulin injections to regulate
Reproductive Glands
Production of gametes
Secretion of sex hormones
Female Ovaries - Estrogen
Males Testes - Testosterone
Elaborate
You will perform various
investigations with plant hormones to
better understand human hormones.
You will be working with hormones
that stimulate and inhibit plant
growth.