Anda di halaman 1dari 19

UNDANG-UNDANG PEKERJAAN KEFARMASIAN

Awal penggunaan istilah yuridis Pekerjaan Kefarmasian dan atau


Praktik Kefarmasian adalah istilah Praktek Peracikan Obat,
seperti dimaksud Ordonansi Obat Keras, yang mendefinisikan
istilah Apoteker, yaitu: Mereka yang sesuai dengan peraturan-
peraturan yang berlaku mempunyai wewenang untuk
menjalankan Praktek Peracikan Obat di Indonesia sebagai
seorang Apoteker sambil memimpin sebuah apotek.
Kemudian istilah ini dikembangkan dalam UU No. 23 tahun 1992
tentang Kesehatan, yang menyatakan bahwa Pekerjaan
Kefarmasian adalah pembuatan termasuk pengendalian mutu
sediaan farmasi, pengamanan pengadaan, penyimpanan dan
distribusi obat, pengelolaan obat, pelayanan obat atas resep
dokter, pelayanan informasi obat, serta pengembangan obat,
bahan obat, dan obat tradisional.
Selanjutnya UU ini menyatakan bahwa Pekerjaan Kefarmasian
dalam pengadaan, produksi, distribusi, dan pelayanan sediaan
farmasi harus dilakukan oleh tenaga kesehatan yang mempunyai
keahlian dan kewenangan untuk itu.
Dalam Undang-Undang Kesehatan yang baru disahkan, istilah
Pekerjaan Kefarmasian tidak didefinisikan. Istilah yang
digunakan adalah Praktik Kefarmasian yang definisinya tidak
dijumpai dalam Ketentuan Umum. Istilah ini digunakan dalam
Pasal 108 ayat (1) yang menyatakan bahwa Praktik
Kefarmasian yang meliputi pembuatan termasuk pengendalian
mutu sediaan farmasi, pengamanan, pengadaan, penyimpanan
dan pendistribusian obat, pelayanan obat atas resep dokter,
pelayanan informasi obat serta pengembangan obat, bahan obat
dan obat tradisional harus dilakukan oleh tenaga kesehatan
yang mempunyai keahlian dan kewenangan sesuai dengan
peraturan perundang-undangan.
PERATURAN PEMERINTAH REPUBLIK INDONESIA
NOMOR 51 TAHUN 2009
TENTANG PEKERJAAN KEFARMASIAN
Pekerjaan Kefarmasian dalam Produksi Sediaan Farmasi harus memiliki Apoteker
penanggung jawab.
Setiap Fasilitas Distribusi atau Penyaluran Sediaan Farmasi berupa obat harus
memiliki seorang Apoteker sebagai penanggung jawab.
Setiap Fasilitas Kesehatan harus memiliki seorang Apoteker.
Fasilitas Kesehatan meliputi :
- Apotek
- Klinik
- Puskesmas
- Rumah Sakit
KOMPETENSI FARMASI
1. Mampu melakukan Praktek Kefarmasian secara Profesional
2. Menyelesaikan masalah terkait penggunaan sediaan farmasi
3. Melakukan dispensing sediaan farmasi dan alat kesehatan
4. Formulasi dan Produksi Sediaan Farmasi
5. Keterampilan dalam pemberian Informasi Obat
6. Kontribusi dalam Upaya Preventif dan Promotif Kesehatan Masyarakat
7. Mengelola Sediaan Farmasi
8. Keterampilan Organisasi
9. Mengikuti Perkembangan IPTEK
MAMPU MELAKUKAN PRAKTEK KEFARMASIAN
SECARA PROFESIONAL
Menguasai kode etik
Melakukan konsultasi / konseling
Keterampilan Komunikasi :
Dengan pasien
Tenaga kesehatan
Komunikasi tertulis
MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH TERKAIT PENGGUNAAN
SEDIAAN FARMASI
Masalah penggunaan obat yang rasional
MESO
EPO
Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
Mendampingi swamedikasi
MELAKUKAN DISPENSING SEDIAAN FARMASI DAN
ALAT KESEHATAN
Melakukan penilaian resep
Evaluasi obat yang diresepkan
Penyiapan dan Penyerahan Obat yang diresepkan
FORMULASI DAN PRODUKSI SEDIAAN FARMASI
Persiapan Pembuatan Obat
Membuat Formulasi
Sterilisasi Alkes
Mengendalikan Obat-obat khusus
KETERAMPILAN DALAM PEMBERIAN INFORMASI
OBAT
Pelayanan Informasi Obat
Menyampaikan Informasi bagi Masyarakat dengan Mengindahkan etika profesi
QUALITY
CONTROLLER
The pharmacists role as medication quality controller is broad.
In organized health care settings hospitals, clinics, managed care and extended
care facilities
the pharmacist is responsible for something called the drug-use process.
Laws, rules and regulations, and standards by various organizations and government
agencies have made the Director of Pharmacy the Chief Pharmacist
responsible for seeing that the drug-use process is safe and efficient. The drug-
use process is broad and complex. It includes drug procurement and storage,
prescribing, preparation, dispensing, and administration of drugs and keeping
records of all these things.
CAREGIVER
Good pharmacists dispense more than medication. At times they dispense empathy,
compassion, advice, and an encouraging word. They also make sure the patient
understands what the medication is for, how to take it, and when the patient
should contact their physician.
On each refill of the prescription, the pharmacist also checks on side effects and the
patients compliance with taking the medication as prescribed.
CLINICIAN
A clinician in pharmacy is called a clinical pharmacist. Being a clinician requires
knowledge of disease (anatomy, physiology, and pathology), drug therapy
(medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, and therapeutics), and drug literature
evaluation (drug information, research design, and biostatistics) and be able
effectively to understand and talk with patients (psychology and communication).
This knowledge is used to assess patients and advise physicians and other health
practitioners on drug selection, proper dosage, interactions, and side effects and
how properly to monitor the drug.

In a strict sense, all pharmacists are not clinical pharmacists. However, all
pharmacists practice some clinical pharmacy. A clinical pharmacist practices and
sees patients on a full-time basis and rarely dispenses medication.
TEACHER
Pharmacy students are taught when they become a pharmacist they will also be a
teacher. Some will teach on a full-time basis and become a faculty member at a
college of pharmacy. Others will be teachers at their practice sites.
The pupils are patients, pharmacy technicians, pharmacy students, pharmacy interns,
and pharmacy residents. Pharmacists also train the staff working in the pharmacy
about pharmacy, business, and the preferred way to provide service to patients.
RESEARCHER
Some pharmacists with advanced education and training perform basic science and
clinical research on drugs. Most basic scientists (pharmacologists,
pharmaceutical chemists, those working in pharmaceutics) have earned a Ph.D.
degree.
They hold positions in academia, the pharmaceutical industry, or in private research
companies. Most of the work is in the laboratory (in vitro experiments) and in
animal models (in vivo experiments).
Pharmacists working in clinical research usually have a Pharm.D. and advanced
training to include a 1-year residency and a 2-year clinical fellowship in a defined
area such as infectious disease, cardiology psychopharmacy, or clinical
pharmacokinetics.
CONCLUSION
Pharmacists are health care practitioners who help patients make the best use of
their medication. They work in a variety of settings, and the patient is their
number one concern. Pharmacists receive rigorous education and training and
are licensed to protect the patient from harm. Pharmacists are vigilant about
providing quality drug therapy, are caregivers, clinicians, listeners, advisors,
teachers, and lifelong learners. Good pharmacists dispense more than
medication they are empathetic and concerned about the patient. Pharmacists
are proud members of a trusted profession.

Anda mungkin juga menyukai