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THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

BY JAVIER SERRANO
THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM

The circulatory system delivers blood to the bodys tissues through a


network of blood vessels. The main organ of the circulatory system is
the heart which sends oxygen and nutrient rich blood to all our
cells.
BLOOD
Blood is made up of plasma, red blood
cells, white blood cells, cell fragments
called platelets.
Plasma carries the waste products
Red blood cells give blood its colour.
They carry oxygen and carbon dioxide.
White blood cells fight infection. They
surround and absorb germs which
enter the body.
When the body the losing blood
because of a cut in the skin, platelets
join together and help stop the
bleeding
BLOOD VESSELS
Blood is transported through
three types of blood vessels.
Arteries carry blood from the
heart to the rest of the body.
This blood contains oxygen.
Veins carry the blood back to
the heart. This blood contains
carbon dioxide.
Capillaries are tiny blood
vessels which connect the
arteries and the veins.
HEART
The heart is a hollow muscle which pumps blood
through the body. It usually beats between 60 and 100
times per minute, but can go much faster when it has
to. When we do exercise, our bodies need more
oxygen, so our heart beats faster.
The heart is made up of four chambers. In the top 2
chambers are called right and left atria; they receive
blood coming into the heart. In the bottom part of the
heart is made up of right and left ventricles. The atria
and the ventricles are separated by valves.
CIRCULATION

During pulmonary circulation,


blood flows from the heart to
the lungs and back to the heart
again.
During systemic circulation, the
blood flows from the heart to
the rest of the body.
STEP 1
The deoxygenated blood passes from the right atrium of the
heart to the right ventricle. From there it leaves the heart via
the pulmonary artery and travels to the lungs.
STEP 2
In the lungs, blood releases carbon dioxide and collects oxygen.
Blood returns to the heart through the pulmonary veins.
STEP 3
The oxygenated blood flows into the left atrium and then into
the left ventricle. From there the blood is pumped through the
biggest artery in the body, called aorta, to the rest of the
body.
STEP 4
The aorta carries the blood into small arteries and then to the
capillaries. In the capillaries, the blood releases oxygen and
nutrients into the cells and carbon dioxide and other waste
substances.
STEP 5
The deoxygenated blood passes from the capillaries to the
small veins and then to the largest veins in the body called the
superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava. These veins
carry the blood to the heart and the process begins again.