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OM SWASTYASTU

PAIN,INJURY AND DISEASE

OLEH KELOMPOK :7
MOCHAMMAD GEDE NURHUDA P07120016111
TJOKORDA ISTRI AGUNG RAY MAHA ADNYANI P07120016112
NI WAYAN LIANTARI PUTRI DEWI P07120016113
NI PUTU HENDRIANI HALUNA P07120016114
NI PUTU YESI ERDIANA YANTI P07120016115
A.PAIN
Painis a feeling triggered in the nervous
system. Pain may be sharp or dull. It may come
and go, or it may be constant. You may feel pain
in one area of your body, such as
yourback,abdomen,chest,orpelvis.Or you may
feel pain all over, such as when your muscles
ache from the flu.
B.INJURY
Injury is damage to the body caused by
external force. This may be caused by accidents,
falls, hits, weapons, and other causes. Major
trauma is injury that has the potential to cause
prolonged disability or death.
The World Health Organization (WHO)
developed the International Classification of
External Causes of Injury (ICECI). Under this
system, injuries are classified by
1.mechanism of injury
2.objects/substances producing injury
3.place of occurrence
4.activity when injured
5.the role of human intent,and additional
modules.
The United States Bureau of Labor
Statistics developed the Occupational
Injury and Illness Classification System
(OIICS). Under this system injuries are
classified by
1.nature
2.part of body affected
3.source and secondary source, and
4.event or exposure.
The Orchard Sports Injury Classification
System (OSICS) is used to classify injuries to
enable research into specific sports injuries.
By cause

Intentional injury Accidents


*Suicide and self-harm *Stingray injury
*Violence and war *Lightning injuries
By modality
Traumatic injury, a body wound or shock produced by sudden physical
collision or movement
-Avulsion injury
-Blast injury
-Internal bleeding
-Crush injury
-Needlestick injury
-Catastrophic injury
-Repetitive strain injury or other strain injury
-Other injuries from external physical causes, such as radiation
-poisoning,burn or frostbite
-Radiation-induced lung injury
-Microwave burn
-Injury from toxin or as adverse effect of a pharmaceutical drug
-Toxic injury
-Injury from internal causes such as reperfusion injury
By location
Wound, an injury in which skin is torn, cut or punctured
(an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes
a contusion (a closed wound). In pathology it specifically
refers to a sharp injury which damages the dermis of the skin.

Brain injury Nerve injury


-Acquired brain injury -Spinal cord injury
-Coup contrecoup injury -Brachial plexus injury
-Diffuse axonal injury -Peripheral nerve injury
-Frontal lobe injury -Sciatic nerve injury
-Injury of axillary nerve
By activity

-Reverse bite injury


-Lead climbing injuries
-Occupational injury
-Ventilator-associated lung injury
-Sea urchin injury
-Transfusion-related acute lung injury
-Illness and injuries during spaceflight
Injury severity score
The injury severity score (ISS) is a medical
score to assess trauma severity. It correlates
with mortality, morbidity, and hospitalization
time after trauma. It is used to define the
term major trauma (polytrauma), recognized
when the ISS is greater than 15
C.Disease
A disease is a particular abnormal condition that
affects part or all of an organis mand that consists of a
disorder of a structure or function. The study of
disease is called pathology which includes the study
of cause. Disease is often construed as a medical
conditionassociated with specific symptoms and signs
There are four main types of disease: infectious
diseases deficiency diseases,genetic
diseases (both hereditary and non-hereditary), and
physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified
as communicable and non-communicable
OM SANTIH,SANTIH,SANTIH OM