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Learning Theory-

Behaviorism

Presented by:
AISA KATRINA I. LEONORA, RN
What is Behaviorism?

Idea that behaviour is acquired through


conditioning.
Measures behaviour by a learners
response to stimuli
Learners response to stimuli can be
reinforced using positive or negative
feedback
Reinforcement, positive or negative
increases the possibility of an event
happening again.
Punishment, both positive and negative,
decreases the possibility of an event
happening again.
Behavior develops through +/- rewards
Learners success is based on actions
Can be used for classroom management
o Prevent or solve discipline problems *
Important People in Behaviorism
The Little Albert
experiment.
He gets credit for
establishing the
psychological school of
behaviorism.
Known for publishing
an article titled
Psychology as the
Behaviorist Views It
also called The
Behaviorist John B. Watson
Manifesto.

Important People in Behaviorism


Famous Russian psychologist
and physiologist
Did the experiment with the
dogs.
Came up with the theory of
classical conditioning.
Taught dogs to salivate
o By ringing a bell and
providing food
o Then salivate only by
hearing the bell

Ivan Pavlov
Important People in Behaviorism

American Behaviorist
Developed the theory
of operant
conditioning.
Operant conditioning is
the use of
consequences to
modify the occurrence
B.F. Skinner and form of behavior
Important People in Behaviorism

Social Cognitive
Theory
Observational
Modeling
He is known as the
originator of social
learning theory

Albert Bandura
Behaviorism and Teachers
Behaviorism is seen when teachers use the following
methods:
Testing specific skills
More individual work than group learning
Using positive and negative reinforcement
One specific way teachers could incorporate behaviorism is
using a point or sticker system to reward students good
behavior or good academic performance.
Behaviorism and Students

According to behaviorism, students learn through


experiences and practices.
Learning is also modified with positive and negative
reinforcements
Students begin to give predicted responses to a
stimulus*
How Would Teachers Use Behaviorism in
the Classroom?
Positive behavior Negative behavior
Praise, extra recess, or Take away time at recess,
gold star take away star
Technology- give Technology- take away
computer time computer time
How Would Students Use Behaviorism in
the Classroom?

Positive Behavior Negative Behavior


Students dont have
They obtain +/- much control
rewards based on o teacher has
dominance
their behavior Students can also
change students behavior
o They can threaten to
Through this they tell the teacher, if a
student is being bad
learn proper o Since, the student
behavior wont want to be in
trouble, the action
will stop.
Summary
Founders and proponents: John B. Watson
in the early 20th century., B.F. Skinner, Ivan
Pavlov and Albert Bandura
Basic idea: Stimulus-response. All
behaviour caused by external stimuli
(operant conditioning). All behaviour can be
explained without the need to consider
internal mental states or consciousness.
Learner viewed as: Passive, responds to
environmental stimuli.
Behaviour may result in reinforcement
(increased likelihood that behaviour will
occur in the future); or punishment.