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Ch.

E-204
Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics I
Teacher: Dr Shahla Gondal
shahla.gondal@gmail.com

TEXT BOOK:
INTRODUCTION TO CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
THERMODYNAMICS
BY: J M SMITH, H C VAN NESS, M M ABBOTT
7 TH EDITION
REFERENCE BOOKS :

1. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS BY T. E. DAUBERT

2. CHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS BY S. I.


SANDLER

3. THERMODYNAMICS: AN ENGINEERING APPROACH BY Y. A.


CENGEL, AND M. BOLES

4. APPLIED THERMODYNAMICS: FOR ENGINEERING


TECHNOLOGISTS BY T. D. EASTOP, AND A. MCCONKEY

5. FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS BY M. J.


MORAN, AND H. N. SHAPIRO
COURSE OUTLINE
1) Scope of thermodynamics; fundamental quantities, terminologies
and related parameters
2) First law of thermodynamics and its applications to chemical
engineering processes
3) PVT behavior of pure fluids
4) Equations of state
5) Heat effects
6) Concept of entropy and second law of thermodynamics
7) Thermodynamics properties of fluids
8) Generalized correlation for gases
9) Thermodynamics of flow processes
THERMODYNAMICS
The word comes from Greek

Thermo Heat
Dynamics Motion
Heat in motion
Power developed from Heat
What is Thermodynamics?
The science of energy, that concerned
with the ways in which energy is
stored and transformed from a body. Steam Cycle
Energy transformations mostly
involve heat and work movements.

The Fundamental law is the


conservation of energy principle:
energy cannot be created or
destroyed, but can only be
transformed from one form to
another.
Thermodynamics systems

System
Boundary
Surroundings
Universe
System, Surroundings and Boundary

System: A quantity of matter or a region in


space chosen for study.

Surroundings: Anything outside the system


which affects the behavior of the system

Boundary: The real or imaginary surface


that separates the system from its
surroundings
Sign Convention in Thermodynamics
Open, Closed, Isolated systems

Open system - One in which both energy and


mass cross the boundaries of the
system
Closed system - One in which mass does not
cross boundaries of the system,
though energy may do so.
Isolated system - one in which neither mass nor
energy crosses the boundaries
of the system.
Thermodynamic Property
Any measurable or observable characteristics of the substance
(when the system remains in equilibrium state)

Examples:
Pressure, Temperature, Density, Volume,
Energy, Specific Volume
Intensive property

One whose value does not depend on the mass of the system Temperature,
(independent of the mass of the system) Pressure,
Density,
Specific volume

Extensive property
One whose value depends on the mass of the system, Volume,
(dependent on the mass (extent) of the system) Total Energy,
Heat Capacity
Properties of a system

Specific properties The ratio of any extensive property of a system to that of the mass of the
system is called an average specific value of that property (also known as intensives property)
Laws of thermodynamics
Fundamental laws that helps you to get better understanding with physics concepts

Laws of thermodynamics define fundamental physical quantities,


Temperature, Energy, and Entropy; which characterize
thermodynamic systems and their behavior under various
circumstances

There are four laws of thermodynamics


1. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
2. First law of thermodynamics
3. Second law of thermodynamics
4. Third law of thermodynamics