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Adult Bible Study Guide

Oct Nov Dec 2017

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Adult Sabbath School Bible Study Guide
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The Book of Romans
1 The Apostle Paul in Rome Historical Background
2 The Controversy Theological Background
3 The Human Condition Chapters 1-3A
4 Justified by Faith Chapter 3B
5 The Faith of Abraham Chapter 4
6 Adam and Jesus Chapter 5
7 Overcoming Sin Chapter 6
8 Who is the Man of Romans 7 Chapter 7
9 No Condemnation Chapter 8
10 Children of the Promise Chapter 9
11 The Elect Chapters 10, 11
12 Overcoming Evil with Good Chapters 12, 13
13 Christian Living Chapters 14-16
The Book of Romans
Our Goal

The Epistle is really the chief part of

the New Testament and the very
purest Gospel, and is worthy not only
that every Christian should know it
word for word, by heart, but occupy
himself with it every day, as the daily
bread of the soul.Martin Luther,
Commentary on Romans, 8.
The Book of Romans
Lesson 3, October 21

The Human Condition

The Human Condition
Key Text

Romans 3:23
All have sinned, and come short
of the glory of God.
The Human Condition
Initial Words

Early on in the book of Romans,

Paul seeks to establish a crucial truth,
one central to the gospelthe sad
state of human condition.
This truth exists because, from the
Fall onward, we have all been
contaminated by sin. It is wired in our
genes as is the color of our eyes.
The Human Condition
Quick Look

1. Hopeless Without Christ

(Romans 3:10-18)
2. Losing Sight of Christ
(Romans 2:1-4)
3. Hopeful in Christ
(Romans 1:16, 17)
The Human Condition
1. Hopeless Without Christ

Romans 3:10-18 NKJV

There is none righteous, no, not
one;there is none who seeks after
God. There is none who does
good, no, not one. Their throat is an
open tomb. Their feet are swift
to shed blood.
There is no fear of God before
their eyes.
1. Hopeless Without Christ
All Have Sinned

Some challenge the idea of human

sinfulness, arguing that people are
basically good.
The problem stems from a lack of
understanding of what true goodness
is. People can compare themselves to
someone else and feel good about
1. Hopeless Without Christ
All Have Sinned

When we contrast ourselves to God,

and to the holiness and righteousness
of God, none would come away with
anything other than an overwhelming
sense of self-loathing and disgust.
Contrast Self to God
Not to Fellow Humans
1. Hopeless Without Christ
All Have Sinned

Romans 3:23 talks about

the glory of God.
Perhaps the simplest interpretation is
to give the phrase the meaning it has
in 1 Corinthians 11:7,
He [man] is the image and
glory of God (RSV).
1. Hopeless Without Christ
All Have Sinned

In Greek, the word for glory may be

considered as loosely equivalent to
the word for image.
Sin has marred the image of God in
humans. Sinful man falls far short of
reflecting the image or glory of God.
The Human Condition
2. Losing Sight of Christ

Romans 2:1-4 NKJV: Therefore you are

inexcusable, O man, whoever you are
who judge, for in whatever you judge
another you condemn yourself; for
you who judge practice the same
Or do you despise the riches of His
goodness, forbearance, and long-
suffering, not knowing that the good-
2. Losing Sight in Christ

The twentieth century was one of the

most violent and barbaric in all history,
thanks in great part to the advances of
science, which made it much more
possible for people to kill others on a
scale that the most depraved madmen
of the past could only dream about.
What was the problem?
2. Losing Sight in Christ
Jews and Gentiles

In Romans 1, Paul was dealing

Jews and Gentiles
specifically with the sins of the Gentiles,
the pagans, those who had lost sight of
God a long are
and, thus, had
fallen into the most degrading
But he wasnt going to let his own
people off the hook either. Despite all
the advantages that they had been
2. Losing Sight in Christ
Jews and Gentiles

Often its so easy to see and point out

the sins of others. How often, though,
are we guilty of the same kinds of
thingsor even worse?
The problem is that we tend to turn a
blind eye on ourselves, or we make
ourselves feel better by looking at just
how bad others are in
contrast to ourselves.
The Human Condition
3. Hopeful in Christ

Romans 1:16, 17 RSV

I am not ashamed of the gospel: it is
the power of God for salvation to
every one who has faith, to the Jew
first and also to the Greek. For in it
the righteousness of God is revealed
through faith for faith;
as it is written, He who through faith
is righteous shall live.
3. Hopeful in Christ
Key Words

1.Gospel. Modified by the phrase

of Christ, it means the good news
about the Messiah. It is in Jesus and
in His perfect righteousnessand not
in ourselves, or even in Gods law
that one can find salvation.
Gospel of Christ
3. Hopeful in Christ
Key Words

2. Righteousness refers to the quality

of being right with God. A righteous-
ness that God Himself has provided.
The only righteousness good enough
to bring us the promise of eternal life.
3. Faith. In Greek the words translated
believe and faith (KJV) are the verb
and noun forms of the same word:
pisteuo (believe), pistis (belief or faith).
3. Hopeful in Christ
The Gospel and Repentance

As bad as we are, our situation is not

hopeless. The first step is that we
acknowledge our utter sinfulness and
also our helplessness in and of
ourselves to do anything about it.
It is the work of the Holy Spirit to bring
about such conviction. If the sinner
does not resist Him, the Spirit will lead
the sinner to cast self upon Christ.
3. Hopeful in Christ
The Gospel and Repentance

Gods goodness leads, not forces,

sinners to repentance. God uses no
coercion. He is infinitely patient and
seeks to draw all people by His love.
A forced repentance would destroy the
whole purpose of repentance. If God
forced repentance, then would not
everyone be saved, for why would He
force some and not others?
The Human Condition
Final Words

The iniquity which abounds is not

merely confined to the unbeliever....
Many men and women who profess the
religion of Christ are guilty. ...
They are not cleansing themselves
from all pollution. They have so long
served their lust that it is natural for
their thoughts to be impure and their
imaginations corrupt. (Testimonies 2:346).