Anda di halaman 1dari 36

# DIMENSI DAN SATUAN

1
merupakan suatu kuantitas (variabel properti) yang dapat
diukur.

Dimensi dasar/pokok :
Panjang [L] , Masa [M], Mole [mol], Waktu [t], Suhu [T],
Arus listrik [A], Intensitas Cahaya [I]

## Dimensi Turunan : adalah gabungan dimensi dasar :

Volume [L3], Densitas [ML-3], Viskositas [ML-1t-1]
Merupakan pernyataan spesifik dari dimensi yang
ditentukan oleh hukum/konvensi/kebiasaan.
Ada 3 kelompok yaitu :
1. Satuan Dasar
2. Satuan Pengali (kelipatan atau fraksi dari satuan dasar)
3. Satuan Turunan

## Ada 2 sistem satuan

SI, formally called Le Systeme Internationale dUnite
AE, American Engineering System of units
SI Units (basic SI units)
Physical Name of Unit Symbol for Definition of Unit
Quantity Unit
Length metre, meter m -
Mass kilogramme, kilogram kg -
Time Second s -
Temperature Kelvin K -
Molar amount mole mol -

## Mass Tonne, ton , gram t, g -

Time minute, hour, day, year min, h, d, y -
Temperature degree Celsius C -

4
Satuan Pengali (SI Perfix)

## Yotta (Y) = 1024 Centi (c) = 10-2

Zetta (Z) = 1021 Milli (m) = 10-3
Exa (E) = 1018 Mikro () = 10-6
Peta (P) = 1015 Nano (n) = 10-9
Tera (T) = 1012 Piko (p) = 10-12
Giga (G) = 109 Femto (f) = 10-15
Mega (M) = 106 Atto (a) = 10-18
Kilo (K) = 103 Zepto (z) = 10-21
Hekto (H) = 102 Yocto (y) = 10-24
Deka (Da) = 101
Deci (d) = 10-1
SI Units (derived SI units)
Physical Symbol for
Name of Unit Definition of Unit
Quantity Unit
Energy Joule J kg.m.s-2 ; Pa.m3
Force Newton N kg.m.s-2 ; J.m-1
Power watt W kg.m2.s-3 ; J.s-1
Density Kilogram per cubic meter kg.m-3
Velocity Meter per second v m.s-1
Acceleration Meter per second squared g m.s-2
Pressure Newton per square meter, pascal P N.m-2, Pa
Heat capacity Joule per (kilogram.kelvin) cp J.kg-1.K-1

6
AE System Units (Basic units)
Physical Name of Unit Symbol for Definition of Unit
Quantity Unit
Length foot ft
Mass pound (mass) lbm
Time second, minute, hour, day s, min, h(hr), day
Temperature degree Rankine or Fahreinheit R or F
Molar amount pound mole lb mol

7
AE System Units (Derived Units)
Physical Name of Unit Symbol for Unit Definition of
Quantity Unit
Energy British Thermal unit, foot pound Btu,(ft)(lbf)
(force)
Force pound (force) lbf
Power Horsepower hp
Density Pound (mass) per cubic foot lbm/ft3
Velocity Feet per second ft/s
Acceleration Feet per second squared ft/s2
Pressure Pound (force) per square inch lbf/in2, psi
Heat capacity Btu per pound (mass) per degree F Btu/(lbm)(F)

8
Density spesific
volume

Mass Flow

Volumetric
Volume Flow

## Area Time Mass

Length
Diameter Force

Relation between the basic dimensions (in box) and various derived dimensions (in ellipes)
9
10
11
12
DEVICES FOR MEASURING PRESSURE

13
14
DEVICES FOR MEASURING TEMPERATURE

15
16
DEVICES FOR MEASURING DENSITY

17
18
Conversion of Units
and Convertion Factors

19
20
21
23
24
25
Sumber : Dirjen Bina Produksi Kehutanan
Notasi Saintifik

Mx 10 n

M : koefisien (1<M<10)
10 : sebagai dasar
n : eksponen
Contoh

M x 10n

## 5.45E+6 5.45 x 106

0.000001 1 x 10-6

## 1.0E-6 1.0 x 10-6

Limits of Measurement

## Accuracy and Precision

Contoh : accuracy (akurasi/kecermatan)

## Who is more accurate when measuring a book

that has a true length of 17.0 cm?

Susan:
17.0cm, 16.0cm, 18.0cm, 15.0cm

Amy:
15.5cm, 15.0cm, 15.2cm, 15.3cm
Contoh : Precision (presisi/ketepatan)

## Who is more precise when measuring the same 17.0 cm

book?

Susan:
17.0 cm, 16.0 cm, 18.0 cm, 15.0 cm

Amy:
15.5 cm, 15.0 cm, 15.2 cm, 15.3 cm
Example
Evaluate whether the following are precise, accurate or both.

## Accurate Not Accurate Accurate

Not Precise Precise Precise
Error
Error = experimental accepted value

Percent Error

## % Error= |experimental accepted| x100

accepted value
Significant Figures

## The significant figures in a

measurement include all of the
digits that are known, plus one last
digit that is estimated.
Centimeters and Millimeters
Graduated Cylinder - Meniscus