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Bleeding

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Bleeding
Bleeding
_ it is a leakage of blood out side the blood
vessels .
_ Blood coming from an open wound
Hemorrhage
A large amount of bleeding in a short time

Types of bleeding
1- Internal Bleeding
2-external bleeding

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Recognizing External Bleeding
Three types
Capillary (oozing)

Venous (flowing)

Arterial (spurting)

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Response to Bleeding
The body responds naturally to bleeding.
Blood vessel spasm
Severed blood vessels draw back, constrict, and slow
bleeding
Clotting
Platelets in blood form clot
Serves as a protective covering for wound

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Stop, Think, then Do!
Remember to keep your
cool!
Medical injuries can be
really ugly looking.
Even the worst looking
injuries can be survived.
Dont let the patient see
you lose your cool.

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Care for External Bleeding
(1 of 2)

Wear gloves.
Expose wound.
Cover with clean
cloth or gauze.
Apply direct
pressure.
Elevate the area.

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Care for External Bleeding
(2 of 2)
Apply a pressure
bandage or ring
pad.
Apply pressure at a
pressure point if
needed.
Reassure victim.

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Pressure points

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Nose bleeding (Epistaxis)

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Management of nose bleeds

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Do not

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Internal Bleeding
Skin is not broken and blood is not seen.
Occur as a result of deep wound, violent blow to
the body and from bone fracture
Can be difficult to detect and can be life-
threatening
Causes:
Bleeding stomach ulcers
Lacerated liver
Ruptured spleen
Broken bones (such as femur)

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Recognizing Internal Bleeding
Bright red blood from mouth or rectum or blood in
urine
Non menstrual vaginal bleeding
Vomiting or coughing up blood
Black, foul-smelling stool
Pain, tenderness (sensitivity to pain or pressure)
bruising, or swelling
Broken ribs, bruises over lower chest, rigid abdomen

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Care for Internal Bleeding
Monitor breathing.
If vomiting occurs, roll victim on his or her side.
Treat for shock by raising victims legs.
Seek immediate medical care(call 101).

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Bruises
A form of internal bleeding
Not life-threatening
Apply an ice pack for 20 minutes.
Raise extremities if no bones are broken
and apply an elastic bandage for
compression.

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Bruise

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Black eye

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