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AUSTRALIA

General
Information
GENERAL INFORMATION
Australia is a country and continent surrounded by the Indian and
Pacific oceans. Its major cities Sydney, Brisbane, Melbourne, Perth,
Adelaide.

Capital: Canberra

Dialing code: +61

Currency: Australian dollar

Population: 24.13 million


(2016)

Prime minister: Malcolm


Turnbull
LOCATION Because it is south of the equator, the seasons
in Australia are the opposite of those in
Australia is in the Europe: its winter in Australia when its summer
Southern Hemisphere. in Europe.
THE AUSTRALIAN FLAG

Southern cross symbolizes the constellation.

Union Flag
6th British
colony.

The Commonwealth 7 pointed star


represents the 7 territories.
- Its the 6th biggest country in the world.
- Its an island, surrounded by water.
- Its the smallest continent in the world.
Australia is composed of 7 territories:
Western Australia, Northern Territory,
Queensland, South Australia, New South Wales,
Victoria + Tasmania, and Papua New Guinea.
HISTORY
James Cook discovered Australia in 1770.

Britain sent prisoners


and criminals to Australia.

Europeans sold the land


of Aborigines and killed
thousands of them.
Native Australians. The Aborigines have lived in Australia
for over 40,000 years. Now they only represent 1% of the
population. The total population of Australia is 22 million.
NATIONAL ANIMAL AND BIRD
The official animal of Australia is the
red Kangaroo, which may not be
necessarily red. The official bird of
Australia is the Emu. Both these
animals appear on the Australian Coat
of Arms, which is embellished with
Golden Wattle - the official floral
symbol of Australia. Why a Kanagaroo
and an Emu? Common theory has it
that the Kangaroo and the Emu are
not particulary good at walking
backwards, so they are symbolic of
Australia's determination to
move forward as a nation. Each State
and Territory of Australia also have an
animal, bird and floral symbol.
The currency is the Australian dollar.
Cities
of
Australia
MAJOR CITIES
Canberra

Canberra is Australias capital, inland from the country's southeast coast.


Surrounded by forest, farmland and nature reserves, it earns its nickname, the
"Bush Capital. The city's focal point is Lake Burley Griffin, filled with sailboats
and kayaks. On the lakeshore is the massive, strikingly modern Parliament
House, as well as museums including the National Gallery, known for its
indigenous art collections.
MAJOR CITIES
Sydney

Sydney, capital of New South Wales and one of Australia's largest cities, is best
known for its harbourfront Sydney Opera House, with a distinctive sail-like
design. Massive Darling Harbour and the smaller Circular Quay port are hubs of
waterside life, with the arched Harbour Bridge and esteemed Royal Botanic
Garden nearby. Sydney Towers outdoor platform, the Skywalk, offers 360-degree
views of the city and suburbs.
OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES
Melbourne

Melbourne is the coastal capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria.


At the city's centre is the modern Federation Square development, with plazas,
bars, and restaurants by the Yarra River. In the Southbank area, the Melbourne
Arts Precinct is the site of Arts Centre Melbourne a performing arts complex
and the National Gallery of Victoria, with Australian and indigenous art.
OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES
Brisbane

Brisbane, capital of Queensland, is a large city on the Brisbane River. Clustered in its
South Bank cultural precinct are the Queensland Museum and Science centre, with
noted interactive exhibitions. Another South Bank cultural institution is Queensland
Gallery of Modern Art, among Australia's major contemporary art museums. Looming
over the city is Mt. Coot-tha, site of Brisbane Botanic Gardens.
OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES
Adelaide

Adelaide is South Australias cosmopolitan coastal capital. Its ring of parkland on the
River Torrens is home to renowned museums such as the Art Gallery of South
Australia, displaying expansive collections including noted Indigenous art, and the
South Australian Museum, devoted to natural history. The city's Adelaide Festival is
an annual international arts gathering with spin-offs including fringe and film events.
OTHER IMPORTANT CITIES
Perth

Perth, capital of Western Australia, sits where the Swan River meets the
southwest coast. Sandy beaches line its suburbs, and the huge, riverside Kings
Park and Botanic Garden on Mt. Eliza offer sweeping views of the city. The Perth
Cultural Centre houses the state ballet and opera companies, and occupies its
own central precinct, including a theatre, art galleries and the Western Australian
Museum.
Where are the majority of important cities in
Australia?
Tourist Places
of
Australia
Sydney Opera House

The Sydney Opera House is a multi-venue performing arts centre in Sydney,


Australia. It is one of the 20th century's most famous and distinctive buildings.
Bondi Beach, Sydney

The sweeping white-sand crescent of Bondi is one of Australias most iconic


beaches. Reliable waves draw surfers while, nearby, hardy locals swim in the
Icebergs ocean pool year-round.
Tarango Zoo, Sydney

Taronga Zoo is the city zoo of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia and is
located on the shores of Sydney Harbour in the suburb of Mosman. It was
officially opened on 7 October 1916.
Yarra River, Melbourne

The Yarra River or historically, the Yarra Yarra River, is a perennial river in east-
central Victoria, Australia.
Melbourne Cricket Ground

The Melbourne Cricket Ground, also known simply as "The G", is an Australian
sports stadium located in Yarra Park, Melbourne, Victoria.
Flinders Street Railway Station

Flinders Street railway station is a railway station on the corner of Flinders and
Swanston Streets in Melbourne, Australia. It serves the entire metropolitan rail
network.
Festivals
of
Australia
FESTIVALS
Australia Day Chinese New Year Melbourne International
26 January February Flower and Garden
Show

Feast Festival
Anzac Day 25 April November Christmas
.
Art and Craft
of
Australia
ABROGINAL ART

Aboriginal art is art made by indigenous Australian people. It includes work


made in many different ways including painting on leaves, wood carving, rock
carving, sculpting, ceremonial clothing and sand painting. Aboriginal art is
closely linked to religious ceremonies or rituals.
Musical
Instruments
of
Australia
A boomerang
A boomerang is a tool, typically
constructed as a flat airfoil that,
when thrown, is designed to spin
about an axis perpendicular to
the direction of its flight. A
returning boomerang is designed
to return to the thrower.
A DIDGERIDOO

The didgeridoo is a wind


instrument developed by
Indigenous Australians of northern
Australia potentially within the last
1,500 years and still in widespread
use today both in Australia and
around the world
Sports
of
Australia
In Australia it is usually very warm, so Australians love
sport and other outdoor activities. The most popular
are:
Scuba-Diving
Surfing
Cricket
Rugby
Shane Warne, Cricket Star

Shane Keith Warne is a former Australian international cricketer, and a


former ODI captain. Widely regarded as one of the greatest bowlers in the
history of the game,
Christian Lealiifano, Rugby Player

Christian Lealiifano, is a New Zealand-born Australian rugby union


player of Samoan heritage. His surname is spelled Leali'ifano when
using Samoan diacritics.
Mark Richards, Surf Star
Monuments
In
Australia
The Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef, off the coast
of Queensland in northeastern
Australia, is the largest living thing
on Earth, and even visible from
outer space. The 2,300km-long
ecosystem comprises thousands of
reefs and hundreds of islands made
of over 600 types of hard and soft
coral. It's home to countless species
of colourful fish, molluscs and
starfish, plus turtles, dolphins and
sharks.
The Great Barrier Reef
Uluru or Ayers rock
Uluru, or Ayers Rock, is a massive sandstone monolith in the heart of the
Northern Territorys arid "Red Centre". The nearest large town is Alice
Springs, 450km away. Uluru is sacred to indigenous Australians and is
thought to have started forming around 550 million years ago. Its within
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, which also includes the 36 red-rock domes
of the Kata Tjuta (colloquially The Olgas) formation.
Ayers Rock or Uluru
The Twelve Apostles
The Twelve Apostles
The Twelve Apostles is a collection of limestone stacks off the shore of the Port
Campbell National Park, by the Great Ocean Road in Victoria, Australia. Their
proximity to one another has made the site a popular tourist attraction. Currently
there are eight Apostles left, the ninth having collapsed dramatically in July 2005.
The name remains significant and spectacular especially in the Australian tourism
industry.
Wildlife
In
Australia
TYPICAL ANIMALS

Koala Kangaroo
Dingo

Sugar glider

Platypus
Tasmanian devil

Wombat

Possum
Australia has also some very poisonous snakes and
spiders. At school children have to learn first aid for snake
and spider bites.
Celebrities
of
Australia
Nicole Kidman, actress
Nicole Mary Kidman,(born 20
June 1967) is an Australian
actress, producer and occasional
singer. She is the recipient
of several awards, including
an Academy Award,
two Primetime Emmy Awards,
a BAFTA Award, three Golden
Globe Awards, and the Silver
Bear for Best Actress.
Kylie Minogue, singer
Kylie Ann Minogue, OBE
(/kali mno/; born 28
May 1968), often known
simply as Kylie, is an
Australian singer,
songwriter, dancer and
actress. She achieved
recognition starring in the
Australian soap opera
Neighbours, where she
played tomboy mechanic
Charlene Robinson.
AC/DC, music band

AC/DC are an Australian


hard rock band, formed in
Sydney in 1973 by brothers
Malcolm and Angus Young.
A hard rock/blues
rock band, they have also
been considered a heavy
metal band, although they
have always dubbed
their music simply "rock and
roll".
Hugh Jackman, actor

Hugh Michael Jackman is an


Australian actor, singer, and
producer. Jackman has won
international recognition for his
roles in a variety of film genres.
Cuisine
In
Australia
Typical Australian Food

-ranking first in the consumption of honey


-large variety of honey products:

Honey wine Leatherwood-Honey Medi-Honey


Beverages

Cider

Victoria
Bitter XXXX

Bundy Billy Tea


Unique Australian Dishes

Damper

Lamingtons
Pavlova

Anzac Biscuits
(Australian and NZ Army
Corps)
Meat Pie
Indigineous Australian Food
(Bush Tucker)

Lemon Myrtle

Mountain Pepper

Native Spinach
Macadamia Nuts

Wattle Seeds
Fish and Seafood

- large variety of fish: e.g Snapper,garfish, leatherjacket, jewfish,


flathead,gemfish, John Dory and Barramundi

- Australians are quite partial to


shellfish
Thank you