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Poltekes Jakarta II

Jurusan Teknik Elektromedik


Jakarta ,

Presented by
Indra
Overview
1 PREAMBULE

2 MEDICAL EQUIPMENT -laboratorium

3 SAFETY -PM SERVICE

4 Diskusi & Tanya Jawab


Pendahuluan
UU No 44 Tahun 2009 tentang Rumah Sakit
pasal 16 ayat 1 mengamanahkan
bahwa peralatan medik dan non medik harus
memenuhi standar pelayanan, persyaratan
mutu, keamanan, keselamatan dan laik pakai.
ALAT KESEHATAN ADALAH :

Adalah instrument, aparatus, mesin, implan yang tidak


mengandung obat yang digunakan untuk mencegah,
mendiagnosis, menyembuhkan dan meringankan
penyakit, merawat orang sakit serta memulihkan
kesehatan pada manusia dan atau membentuk
struktur dan memperbaiki fungsi tubuh (UU No.23,
BAB I, pasal 1 No.11)
MEDICAL EQUIPMENT -
LABORATORIUM

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MAINTENANCE
PLAN PREVENTIVE CORECTIVE =/= NOT PLANE
Running maintenance, adalah pemeliharaan
yang dilakukan sementara mesin masih dalam
kondisi digunakan.
Shut Down Maintenance, adalah pemeliharaan
yang dilakukan bila mesin tersebut sengaja
diberhentikan.
Emergency Maintenance, adalah jenis
pemeliharaan yang bersifat perbaikan terhadap
kerusakan yang belum diperkirakan sebelumnya.

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SAFETY --- > PM SERVICE
MEDICAL LABORATORIUM

AWAS
Apd ( Alat Pelindung Diri )

WArning ( Label , Area , Hazard )

Safety ( Maintenance & Service


prosedure)
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Alat Pelindung Diri
Masker
Penutup Kepala
Baju Steril / Baju Operasi
Sarung Tangan (Glove )
Alas Kaki Karet

Virus => Udara


Mencegah ( In .>< Out Virus )
Darah , Kuman , Cairan Obat
Kimia
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Perlindungan dengan Barier
Protektif Terhadap HIV/AIDS

Alat pelindung
pribadi
Sarung tangan
Masker/pelindung
mata/muka
Apron/Celemek
Alas/penutup kaki
AREA LABORATORIUM
1. Area bebas terbatas (unrestricted area)
Pada area ini petugas dan pasien tidak perlu menggunakan
pakaian khusus Laboratorium
2. Area semi ketat (semi restricted area)
Pada area ini petugas wajib mengenakan pakaian khusus
labororium yang terdiri atas topi, masker, baju dan celana
3. Area ketat/terbatas (restricted area).
Pada area ini petugas wajib mengenakan pakaian khusus Llengkap
yaitu : topi, masker, baju dan celana labortorium serta
melaksanakan prosedur aseptic.

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WARNING IN LABOT0RIUM
CHEMICAL OR MEDICINE LIQUID EFFECT
MEDICAL GAS EFFECT
LEAK GAS ANESTHESIA
SOUND GAS HAZARD
ELECTRIC HAZARD
INFLAMMABLE LIQUID HAZARD
INOK ( INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL )

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Bahaya-bahaya Potensial dilaboratorium
FAKTOR KAITAN ERGONOMI/FAAL KERJA

11/12/17 TOT Lanjutan, Makasar


Other safety risks

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WARNING LABEL

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PRECAUTION
SIAPKAN ALAT KERJA ( Toolkit - Sparepart - LK )

KOORDINASI DENGAN USER


Kondisi Alat ( Run Off Broken )

1. RUN ( bisa di chek atau menunggu alat OFF )

2. OFF ( Lamanya Waktu Pengerjaan dan kapan alat akan


dipakai )

3. Broken ( Kronologis kerusakan , user atau Unit )

Tindakan yang akan dilakukan

( PM / SERVICE / CHEK / REPAIR / KALIBRASI / INSTAL ) DLL

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ACTION
CUCI TANGAN DAN GUNAKAN APD
CHEK KONDISI LINGKUNGAN ALAT
(Bersihkan alat dari alkes / obat 2 / Kotoran / Darah dll)
CHEK FUNGSI ALAT SEBELUM MAINTENACE /
SERVICE / KALIBRASI
LAKUKAN TINDAKAN SESUAI DENGAN PROSEDUR
CHEK FUNGSI ALAT SETELAH SELESAI
CATAT HASIL DI LEMBAR KERJA
BERSIHKAN LINGKUNGAN SETELAH SELESAI
INFORMASIKAN HASIL KE USER
CUCI TANGAN DAN ALAT KERJA YANG DIGUNAKAN
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Basic Laboratory Electrical Hazards

Two main areas of concern


Electrical shock or burns
Fires and explosions
Electric Shock Injuries
Severe burns
Indirect accidents
Cardiac arrest
Damage to muscles,
the heart or other
internal organs, or the
brain
Factors Impacting Electrical
Shock
Moisture
Type and/or amount of voltage
Grounding
Path of current through body
Area of body contact
Pressure & duration of contact
Physical size/condition/age of person
Personal protective equipment used
Shock Hazards
Improper use of
electrical equipment.
extension cords
multi-plug strips
ungrounded
equipment
operating equipment
without safety guards
Shock Hazards
Damaged electrical
equipment could be a
shock hazard.
extension cords
power cords
electrophoresis unit
Always inspect electrical
equipment for damage
before use.
Do not use damaged
equipment.
Shock Hazards
Condensation and Spills
May cause equipment to overheat,
smoke, or catch fire.
Risk of electric shock.
Condensation is more likely on
equipment located in cold rooms.
Precautions
Locate electrical equipment to
minimize the possibility of spills.
If liquids are spilled onto electrical
equipment, shut off the power
immediately at the circuit breaker and
unplug the apparatus.
Shock Hazards
Repairing Electrical Equipment
Only qualified persons should perform
repairs on electrical equipment.
Qualified Person A person familiar with
the construction and operation of the
equipment and the hazards involved. 29
CFR 1910.399
Safety Precautions for Qualified
Persons
Turn off and unplug equipment before
attempting repairs.
Energized components may exist within a
device even if it is turned-off and
disconnected from its power source.
Use appropriate PPE.
Electrical Ignition Sources
The Fire Triangle
Fuel
Heat (spark)
Oxygen
If one of the three
components of the
fire triangle is not
present you will not
have a fire.
Electrical Ignition Sources
Electrical devices can
serve as ignition sources
in the presence of
flammable vapors.
Flammable vapors must
be isolated from all
potential ignition
sources.
Electrical Ignition Sources
Non-Laboratory designed
equipment with series-wound
motors.
Blenders
Power drills

Mixers

Vacuums

Do not use around flammable


liquids.
Electrical Ignition Sources
Laboratory equipment that may
have series-wound motors.
Stirring and mixing devices
Hot plates
Heat guns
Refrigerators and freezers
Is your equipment explosion
proof?
If equipment is not explosion
proof do not use around
flammable liquids.
Summary
Laboratory Electrical Safety
Equipment Inspections.
Where are your circuit breakers?
Minimizing condensation and
spills.
Repairing electrical equipment
Working with flammable vapors.
Ignition Sources
CAUTION
Jangan Masuk kedalam Laboratorium Jika Flu , Demam
atau Sedang Sakit
Gunakan Plastik untuk membungkus HP / Hand free atau
Matikan
Jangan melakukan perbaikan tanpa informasi atau
pengetahuan alat yang kurang
Di anjurkan alat kerja khusus untuk laboratorium
Lakukan pendampingan jika pekerjaan dirasa sulit/berat
Bila SERVICE Pastikan sumber Listrik , Gas dan bahan
kimia sudah di OFF
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