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Ending in ing and -ed

Boring and Bored


Jane has been doing the same job for a very long time.
Everyday she does exactly the same thing again and
again. She doesnt enjoy it anymore and would like to
do something different.
Janes job is boring.
Jane is bored (with her job)
Someone is ed/ Something (or
someone) is -ing
Jane is bored because her job is boring.

Janes job is boring, so Jane is bored (not Jane is


boring)
Someone is interested because
something (or someone) is
interesting:
Tom is interested in politics (not interesting in
politics).
Tom finds politics interesting.
Are you interested in buying a car?
Did you meet anyone interesting at the party?
Someone is surprised because
something is surprising:
Everyone was surprised that he passed the
examination.

It was quite surprising that he passed the examination.


Someone is disappointed because
something is disappointing:
I was disappointed with the film. I expected it to be
much better.

The film was disappointing. I expected it much to be


much better.
Someone is tired because
something is tiring:
He is always very tired when he gets home from work.

He has a very tiring job.


Other pairs of adjectives ending in
ing and ed are:
Excite Fascinate
Amuse Amaze
Annoy Frighten
Satisfy Shock
Horrify exhaust
Terrify Disgust
Embarrass Worry
Confused
Depress
Astonish
Adjectives: word order
Sometimes we use two or more adjectives together:
1. Tom lives in a nice new house.
2. In the kitchen there was a beautiful large round
wooden table.

New/ large/ round/ wooden are fact adjectives.


They give us objective information about something
(age, size, colour, etc.).
Nice/ beautiful are opinion adjectives. They tell us
what someone thinks of something. Opinion
adjectives usually go before fact adjectives.

Other examples:
- An intelligent young girl.
- A delicious hot soup.
- A nice sunny day.
Adjectives of size and length (big/small/tall/
short/long etc.) usually go before adjectives of shape
and width (round/fat/thin/slim/wide etc.)
A large round table.
A tall thin girl.
A long narrow street.
Adjectives after some verbs
Especially get/ be/ become
Are you tired? Be careful! Im getting hungry

We also use adjective after feel/ smell/ taste/ sound/


seem/ look.
Do you feel tired?
The dinner smells good.
Tom sounded angry when i spoke to him on the phone.
But after other verbs you must use an adverb
- Drive carefully! (not drive careful)
- Susan plays the piano very well. (not plays ... very good)
- Tom shouted at me angrily (not shouted ... angry)

We use an adjective after look: Tom looked sad when I saw


him.

We use an adverb after look at: Tom looked at me sadly.


ADJECTIVE and ADVERB
An adjective tells us more about a noun. We use
adjectives before nouns and after a few verbs
(especially be)
- Tom is a careful driver.
- Be quiet, please!
- We didnt go out because of the heavy rain.
- I was disappointed that my exam results were so bad.
An adverb tells us more about a verb. An adverb tell us in what
way someone does something or in what way something
happens.
- Tom drove carefully along the narrow road (not drove careful)
- Speak quietly, please! (not speak quiet)
- We didnt go out because it was raining heavily (not raining
heavy)
- I was disappointed that I did so badly in the exam (not did so
bad)

Compare: she speaks perfect english (adj + noun)


She speaks English perfectly (verb + object + adv)
Exercises
1. Do you easily get embarrassing/ embarrased?
2. The kitchen hadnt been cleaned for ages. It was
really disgusting/ disgusted.
3. An ring unusual gold
4. French interesting old an painting
5. A nose large red
6. This soup tastes nice/ nicely.
7. Please shut the door quiet/ quietly.
Exercises
1. I waited nervous in the waiting-room before the
interview.
2. Why were you so unfriendly when I saw you
yesterday?
3. It rained continuously for three days.
4. Sue is terrible upset about loosing her job.
5. I had little difficulty finding a flat. I found one quite
easy.