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The goddess of wisdom

Athena
FROM THIS PRESENTATION YOU ARE GOING TO

Discover the origin of the goddess of wisdom - Athena


Be amazed by the story behind the goddess of wisdom
Uncover the moral values under the mist.
Back to the beginning
Gaea & Uranus

Coeus, Mnemosyne,
lapetus, Cronus Oceanus Tethys Rhea Phoebe,
Hyperion,Crius Themis, Thea

Metis

Zeus

Athena
Metis st child would be a girl and that her 2nd child would be a boy that
Before
Birth
of1Zeus
Therefore.
Gaea
(The learned
Earth,
Athena aoffavourite
Zeuss
was Metis ,his
grandmotherfirstof
topic )wife
and being
Oranus
Greek pregnant
Vase (The ,he grew
Heaven)
painters worried
prophesied
beacause
that of an oracle
would overthrow Zeusof The
and Earth and
become King
the The of Gods & men
heaven
Zeus swallowed Metis
Everyone in the past thought it
Zeus thought that was the end,
was the end
But, it wasnt
INSIDE ZEUS STOMACH, METIS STARTED TO CREATE A
HELMET FOR HER DAUGHTER.

Not the exact


helmetone
youbut
thought
something
of like that.
He scream
After out
a time, of pain
when so loudly
Athena it could
was about be heard
to born, Zeus
developed an
throughout theunbearable
earth headache,
Hermes(
He The god of
directed
trade,son of Zeus and of
Hephaestus(Goddess
maia)knew
fire) to takethe right
a wedge
thing to do..
and split open Zeus'
skull.
Out of the skull sprang Athena!!
Due to the way of her birth, she became the goddess of
intelligence and wisdom.

The Greeks believed that she had


sprung full grown from his head,
wearing her helmet and armor.
She was more warlike than the other
goddesses.
owl was her favorite bird
because of its wise and
solemn look

A city was named after her


Athens
Athena won Poseidon and
get to name the city
King Cecrops (he was part human and part snake) set out to find a
patron deity for his city state.
He called on Athena and Poseidon.
When they were about to attack each other, Athena, with her typical,
wise approach suggested that they should hold a contest for the city.
King Cecrops decided that whoever presented the city with the best
gift would be rewarded with the city itself as the grand prize.
Poseidon came first and struck the rock of the Acropolis, opening a
spring of water.
Athena grew an olive tree.
Athena won.
Spring of water
An indication that Poseidon was offering the new city
success in war and at sea.
The people loved it
But as they went closer to taste the water, to their dismay
the water was salty.
Salty water not so useful for the people
Olive tree
More useful gift
Granting the Athenians, not only the
olives themselves as sustenance, but
also a source of oil for their lamps and
for cooking their food as well as the
wood from the olive tree to build their
boasts and houses.
This was meant to indicate that the
goddess was offering the new city the
fruits of peace and wisdom.
owl was her favorite bird
because of its wise and
solemn look

A city was named after her


Athens
Athena won Poseidon and
get to name the city

She helped men to find


out better ways of doing
things.
She invented many things
What Athena had invented
Plow & rake
(yoke oxen to the plow

Bridle, Chariot, flute, trumpet


(Tell men how to tame horses
with birdle)

Taught men how to count and


use numbers
owl was her favorite bird The one to have turned
because of its wise and Medusa into a monster.
solemn look

A city was named after her


Athens
Athena won Poseidon and
get to name the city

She helped men to find


out better ways of doing
things.
Stories behind medusa as a gorgon
Make boast of how she was better
The classical myth: than even the goddess Athena Medusa was a holy
Medusa was born a herself.Athena advised her there handmaiden(priestess) for
monster and would were more important things in life Athenas Temple and very
remain a monster. besides beauty and self-worship. beautiful. Poseidon saw that
When Medusa refused to admit and raped her inside
her wrongs Athena punished her Athenas temple,and so
with snakes for hair and the Athena transformed her into
inability to be looked upon by any a gorgon.
man.
There could be many reasons behind that:
1. Seeing how Athena is a virgin goddess, she would be disgusted by the act.
2. It would prevent other suitors from raping Medusa.
3. Another source (Bibliotheca) implies that Athena was jealous of her beauty.
4. Athena was just mad in general. Goddesses can be like that.
owl was her favorite bird The one to have turned
because of its wise and Medusa into a monster.
solemn look

A city was named after her Possess great military skill


Athens and leadership
Athena won Poseidon and
get to name the city

She helped men to find


out better ways of doing
things.
Athena was
heavily involved
in the war of the
gods against
giants.
Helped perseus in his quest to defeat Medusa.
-instructed him to find Hesperides who would tell him how to defeat the gorgon.
-borrowed him a polished shield

Instructed Heracles to kill the Nemean Lion with its own


claws.

Helped heroes in Helped Cadmus in the quest


their quest of finding Thebes.
- Gave him instructions

Gave a golden bridle to Bellerophon.


-Enabled him to tame Pegasus.

Helped Jason and the Argonauts.


-They were nearly squeezed by two gigantic rocks. Athena came and
held the rocks until the argonauts came trough.
owl was her favorite bird She invented many things.
because of its wise and
solemn look
The one to have turned
Medusa into a monster.
A city was named after her
Athens
Athena won Poseidon and Possess great military skill
get to name the city and leadership

She helped men to find Suppported the Greeks


out better ways of doing during the Trojan war
things.
Trojan War

The myth has the war starting over a beauty contest between; Hera,
Athena, and Aphrodite.
Aphrodite(Venus) Athena Hera
Athena offered wisdom, skill
in battle, and the abilities of
the greatest warriors

Beauty Hera offered him political


Paris could not competition power and control of all of
deem the finest turned into a Asia
bribery

Aphrodite offered him the


love of the most beautiful
woman in the world
Paris chose Aphrodite and the most beautiful women in the

Aphrodite obliged with her proposal and made Helen( already


married to King of Sparta Menelaus) and Paris fall in love.

Helen and Paris had run off to Troy

Agamemnon(brother of Menelaus) was outraged.

He then led an army to Troy and held the city of Troy under a 10 year
siege.
The siege was not
getting the
desired results
Athena and some others helped
Agamemnon
Athena made the plan of the
Trojan Horse.
1. The Greeks finally retreated from
their camp after 10 years
2. The Trojans pulled the mysterious
gift left by the Greeks into the city.
3. When night fell, the horse opened
up and a group of Greek warriors,
led by Odysseus, climbed out and
sacked the Troy from within.
owl was her favorite bird She invented many things.
because of its wise and
solemn look
The one to have turned
Medusa into a monster.
A city was named after her
Athens
Athena won Poseidon and Possess great military skill
get to name the city and leadership

She helped men to find Suppported the Greeks


out better ways of doing during the Trojan war
things.
Owns a festival
Panathenaea festival
Panathenaea

All sections of Athenian The festival consisted of


The Panathenaea was a sacrifices, competitions
society were involved:
Celebrated every fourth huge festival held at and a huge procession to
men, women, citizens,
year. Athens in Athena's present a new robe to the
slaves and foreigners ancient statue of Athena
honour.
living in Athens. on the Acropolis.
THE END