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Arduino-based Automated

Electric Scooter
I. Introduction
Background of the study
Many vehicle or motorcycle shops retail conventional electric
scooter. All of the electric scooters use the throttle to rev up. But using
the throttle causes hand numbness. The researchers thought of a way to
change the conventional way of using the electric scooter to ease its use
and to lessen the occurrence of the hand numbness.

The main aim of the project is to develop an automatic speed


controller system and to implement a touch screen information
display for an electric scooter to be used in a school campus. The
microcontroller will control the speed by controlling the motor of the
electric scooter. The system will give information about the electric
scooters speed, and battery life.
I. Introduction
Statement of the Problem

Hand numbness is usually caused by damage,


irritation or compression of one of the nerves or a
branch of one of the nerves in the arm and wrist.
This occurrence is surprisingly prevalent among
riders. The researchers thought of a way to lessen
the occurrence of hand numbness while riding the
electric scooter.
I. Introduction
Objectives of the Study

The primary objective of this project is to develop an


Arduino based automated electric scooter. The specific
objectives of the project are:
To automate the electric scooter using touchscreen
applications.
To control the speed of the electric scooter using
Arduino by controlling the DC motor.
To test the functionality of the system and gather results.
I. Introduction
Significance of the Study

The result of the study will greatly benefit


the campus, college of engineering, faculty,
students, and future researchers of the school.
I. Introduction
Locale of the Study

The study will be conducted on the 1st


semester of the school year 2017-2018 at the
College of Engineering, Cagayan State University
Carig Campus, Tuguegarao City.
I. Introduction
Scope and Delimitation
There will be 1 or 2 passengers of the electric scooter.
The weight limit capacity of the electric scooter is 250 300 lbs.
The electric scooter is rechargeable in AC power only.
The electric scooter is not capable of solar charging.
The battery is 48v 12ah lead acid or lithium.
It will take 6 8 hours to fully charge the battery of the electric scooter.
The top speed of the electric scooter is only 25 30 kph.
The maximum range of travel is 18 20 miles per charge of the battery.
The DC motor is a high speed brushless 350W.
The breaks of the electric scooter will not be tampered.
The speed of the electric scooter is also dependent on the steepness of
the uphill and downhill of the terrain.
I. Introduction
Conceptual Framework
I. Introduction
Definitions of Terms

Embedded system
Microcontroller
Touch screen
Electric scooters
DC motor
II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Related Literature
Arduino
Related Studies
Monitoring Battery System for Electric Vehicle, Based On One Wire Technology
(Javier Ibez Vial, Juan W. Dixon, Ph.D.)
Kandigital Bike Operating System (E. Kanniga, K.Selvaramarathnam and
M.Sundararajan)
Embedded System Controlled Smart Bike (Aneesh Alocious, Thomas George)
Electric Bicycle with Three Way Charging (Beenu Mary Panicker, Abil P Sajeev, Akhil
P, Akhl R Babu, Arjun K U, Nibin Varghese)
Design of Controller in Electric Bicycle (Zhidong Zhang, Jingfeng Shen, Baohui Li)
Development of a Microcontroller Based Car Speed Controller (Jonathan A.
Enokela, David O. Agbo)
Adjustable Speed Limit Digital Speedometer with Speed Alarm
II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Related Studies (Cont.)


GPS and GSM Enabled Embedded Vehicle Speed Limiting Device ( Vennela
Priyadarshni, P. Gopi Krishna and K. Sreenivasa Ravi)
AUTOMATIC SPEED CONTROL OF VEHICLES (MOHIT NIGAM)
Feasibility Study of Electric Bicycle Sharing in the Xiasha District of Hangzhou,
China (Joshua Hall, Yajie Li, Allyson Smith, Iok Wong)
Microcontroller-Based Lead-Acid Battery Health Monitoring System through
Sulfation Measurement using Impedance Method (Ricco Noel P. de Leon, Harlan A.
Espinosa, Mary Margarette B. Tenorio)
Characteristics and Control of The Motor System in E-bikes (Rasha Altoumaimi,
Thelal Altoumaimi, Bhanu Prasad Upadhya)
Design & Analysis of Vehicle Speed Control Unit Using RF Technology (Manjunath
Chincholi, Dr K.Chandrashekara)
Design and Development of a Vehicle Monitoring System Using CAN Protocol
(Mohammed Ismail. B, K. Sasidhar, Syed Aquib Ahmed)
Automatic Speed Control of Vehicles Using RFID (Leena Thomas, Swetha Annu
James, Seril Joseph, Arya K B, Tedik Narah, Obang Pangu)
II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Related Studies (Cont.)


Smart Zone Based Vehicle Speed Control Using RF and Obstacle Detection and
Accident Prevention (S. Vinod Rao, P. Saketh Kumar, N. Anil Kumar, MD. Saleem
Yusuf, B. Krishna)
Embedded Based Vehicle Speed Control System Using Wireless Technology
(K.Govindaraju, S.Boopathi, F.Parvez Ahmed, S.Thulasi Ram, M.Jagadeeshraja)
The E-bike: opportunities for Commuter Traffic (Wiebe Engelmoer)
A Design Model for Automatic Vehicle Speed Controller (U. Jyothi Kameswari, M.
Satwik, A. Lokesh)
Hardware Design Considerations for an Electric Bicycle Using a BLDC Motor
(Srivatsa Raghunath)
SOLAR-POWERED ELECTRIC BICYCLE (AMIRUL SHAFIQ BIN HSAN BASERI)
Microcontroller Based Vehicle Speed Control System Information Technology
Vehicle Speed Control System Using RF Communication
III. METHODOLOGY
Overview

This chapter will discuss the materials to be


used. It will discuss the methods and the procedures
to be done to obtain the data and information. The
analysis of the study will be also discussed in this
chapter.
III. METHODOLOGY
Research Design
Gather information on how electric scooters work
Gather the materials
Construct and assemble the hardware
Code the system
System testing
Integrate the system into the electric scooter
Test the functionality of the system
Observe and record results.
III. METHODOLOGY
Respondents of the Research

Our study is conducted at the Department of


College of Engineering of Cagayan State University,
Carig Campus and the study is focused on
developing an Arduino-based automated electric
scooter. Our respondents are selected CSU faculty
members and us, the proponents.
III. METHODOLOGY
Data Gathering Procedure

The researchers gathered data from the related


literatures and other research papers. They also
gathered data through the internet and interviews.
III. METHODOLOGY
Research Instruments
Research / Readings
Observations
Internet
System
Questionnaires
Interview Forms
III. METHODOLOGY
Materials
Hardware Components
Arduino Duemilanove
Electric Scooter
Touch Shield
Accelerometer
Battery Voltage Monitor Circuit
Sensor Shield
KU123 / KU63 Controller
Software Components
Arduino Software (IDE)
Proteus Design Suite
III. METHODOLOGY
Design Phase
Software Development Phase
For the development of the software design,
the researchers will use Arduino IDE and Proteus
Design Suite for the programming and simulation
of the proposed project. The said applications are
user friendly and easy to use, so the researchers
decided to use it.
III. METHODOLOGY
Design Phase
Hardware Development Phase
For the hardware development phase of this
project, the researchers will construct a circuit
for the Arduino-based automated electric
scooter. Arduino Duemilanove will be the
controller of the whole circuit. KU123 / KU63
Controller will control the motor. Accelerometer
will measure the current speed. Battery Voltage
Monitor Circuit will measure the battery level.